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Articles Related to epidemiology

Epidemiology of Sudden Unexpected Death in Infancy: Evidence from the London Metropolitan Police Project Indigo Investigation

The London Metropolitan Police in collaboration with medical personnel, study all sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) <2 years in their jurisdiction, to identify suspicious cases for further investigation. The 2005-2010 Project Indigo includes extensive data on all such non-suspicious cases. Deidentified data on age and gender of 477 infants dying a natural unexpected-sudden death in London were gathered for statistical analyses, for comparison to our published a priori probability models that predict their distributions without need of superfluous information, such as race, autopsy findings, or SUDI risk factors. The total observed male fraction of 0.5639 for all these 477 Indigo cases (269 male) is predicted using a recessive X-linkage model for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) as 0.5676. The transformed age distribution of all 477 Indigo cases of different causes of death is modeled by a single four-parameter lognormal distribution, y = Log [(d + 9.44)/(1254 – d)] = μ + σ z, where d is Indigo age in calendar days of life (d = DOD – DOB ≥ 0), median μ = -1.085, slope σ = 0.543, and z is a standard normal deviate.
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Seroepidemiology of Neospora Caninum in Dairy Cattle Farms with a History of Abortion in Isfahan Province, Iran

Neospora caninum is a worldwide-distributed pathogen which causes abortions in dairy cattle, leading to economic losses in the cattle industry.
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Observations on Aeromonas Infection in 7 Patients with Acute Leukemia

Aeromonas infections in humans are becoming increasingly frequent. They have the potential to infect humans and are associated with a variety of illnesses, such as enterocolitis, septicemia, skin and soft tissue infectious and peritonitis.
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Inguinal Hernia. A Review

Inguinal hernia is a common surgical problem, but it can present a surgical dilemma for the skilled surgeon when it exhibits some unusual contents.
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Infections Associated with Culture Isolated Fusobacterium Nucleatum: A Retrospective Analysis

The pathogenic potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and its significance in infections has gained new interest. This retrospective study assessed the epidemiology of patients with infections and culture isolated F. nucleatum at two county hospitals in Houston, Texas. Clinical, epidemiological and microbiological data were obtained from the electronic medical record for both Ben Taub General Hospital and Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2011.
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Non-ARV Prescriptions and Medication Burden among Commercially Insured U.S. HIV Patients

Accelerated aging and higher co-morbidity prevalence have increased non-antiretroviral (ARV) medications for HIV patients. We examined, over a 12 month period, non-ARV medication burden among HIV-positive patients 18-49 and ≥50 years using a comprehensive U.S. healthcare claims database in an age-and-gender matched analysis (1:3 matching ratio of cases to controls). Primary outcomes of interest included the median and mean number of unique non-ARV drug substances during the one month period with the highest number of prescriptions filled for each individual, and the mean number of unique classes of medication.
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Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, A Reemerging Disease in Arizona and Sonora- Case Study

Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Rickettsia Rickettsii (RMSF) is a reoccurring disease in Arizona and Sonora and a public health problem due to the high risk medical complications it provokes. In the region it is transmitted by the bite of the Rhipicephalus sanguineus tick, found in dogs. This tick transmits Rickettsia rickettsii bacteria.
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Salmonella Serovars and Their Host Specificity

Salmonella is a causative agent for a wide variety of pathological diseases in humans, cattle, poultry and other farm animals and hence Salmonella infections are a major cause of concern to humans, veterinary animals and to food industry.
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The BMBL and Biosafety Levels

Scientists began developing and publishing a series of best practices to mitigate laboratory risks in the 1970’s. These biosafety guidelines are disseminated by the Department of Health and Human Services in the publication Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL).
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Editorial Board Members Related to epidemiology

AARON P. THRIFT

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Baylor College of Medicine
United States

Margaret L. Khaitsa

Associate Professor
Department of Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

Hongbin Fang

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics & Biomathematics
Georgetown University
United States

SIBYLLE KRANZ

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition Science
Purdue University
United States

Shuvra Kanti Dey

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology
Jahangirnagar University
Bangladesh

Masoor Kamalesh

Associate Professor
Cardiology Division
Indiana University
United States

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Chong Lee

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition & Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Yu-Hsuan Joni Shao

Associate professor
Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics
Taipei Medical University
Taiwan

ADELIA C BOVELL-BENJAMIN

Professor
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Tuskegee University
United States
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