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Articles Related to etiology

Wilkie’s Syndrome in an Adolescent: A Rare Etiology of Upper Intestinal Obstruction

Wilkie’s Syndrome (WS) was described in 1927 and its physiopathology is related to the formation of an abnormal acute aortomesenteric angle measuring between 7o and 22o. It leads to digestive symptoms due to external compression of mesentery artery against the third portion of duodenum. This is a case of WS in a young, tall and slim male patient. Three months before, he began postprandial vomiting, abdominal pain, hyporexia and weight loss. The diagnostis was made by an upper gastrointestinal series with barium contrast and confirmed by Laparotomy. Duodenojejunostomy is a well-known technique and it was successfully performed in this case.
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The Use of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Cancer Patients with Heart Failure

Investigate the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in cancer patients with heart failure (HF); assess factors associated with ischemic and non-ischemic HF. Many newer cancer therapies are cardiotoxic; thus, the incidence of HF has been increasing in this high-risk patient population. CRT has beneficial effects on morbidity, mortality, and left ventricular function in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, yet cancer patients and survivors who develop severe HF and are eligible for CRT often does not receive it.
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Sjögren’s Syndrome - Oral Changes, Advanced Diagnosis, and Management - A Case Report

Sjögren syndrome (SS) is chronic, systemic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine glands. It is an elaborate involvement of the lacrimal and salivary glands, which eventually lead to keratoconjunctivitis sicca and xerostomia.
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Bilateral Malleus Ankylosis: a Case Report

Malleus ankylosis known as House syndrome is very rare. It represents 38.1% of congenital malformation of the middle ear [1] if stapes ankylosis is associated.
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Frenectomy as a Treatment Modality for Minimal Median Cleft of the Upper Lip

Cleft lip is a common craniofacial anomaly. Median cleft lip is a midline vertical cleft through the upper lip. Of all the types of clefts, minimal Median cleft of the upper lip is a very rare craniofacial anomaly.
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Kawasaki Disease Presented with Meningitis in an Egyptian Adolescent

An Egyptian male adolescent 12 years old presented with fever, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting for 3 days. He had convulsion on admission. Physical examination revealed positive meningeal signs.
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Prospective Evaluation of WHO and European Clinical, Molecular and Pathological (WHO-ECMP) Criteria for Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) of Various Molecular Etiology: Characteristics of JAK2V617F, MPL515 and CALR Mutated MPN

The WHO defined JAK2V617F mutated myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) consist of normocellular essential thrombocythemia (ET), ET with features of early PV (prodromal PV), ET with hypercelular megakaryocytic granulocytic myeloproliferation (ET.MGM), and various stages of polycythemia vera (PV) when the WHO and European Clinical and Pathological (WHO-ECMP) criteria are applied.
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Relationship between Sociodemographic Characteristics, Psychiatric Burden and Violent Offence in a Maximum Security Prison in North-Central Nigeria

Violent offenders are individuals who are incarcerated due to any criminal charge for a violent offence against another individual-armed robbery, murder, attempted murder, kidnapping, assault which results in bodily harm and forcible confinement.
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Meningoencephalitis due to Enteroviral Infection – An Often Overlooked Etiology

Enteroviruses are responsible for causing several recent well-publicized outbreaks in the United States, including gastrointestinal and upper respiratory infections. Enteroviruses are also capable of infecting the central nervous system, leading to manifestations of meningitis and encephalitis. Because enteroviruses are often overlooked as the etiology of CNS infections, we explore data from national surveillance, typical presentation and diagnostic information, as well as patterns of infection and transmission in an effort to remind practitioners to be mindful of this frequent cause of infection and its propensity to be spread from person to person.
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Helicobacter pylori Infection and its Potential Association with Idiopathic Hypercalciuric Urolithiasis in Pediatric Patients

A total of 150 patients categorized into 100 cases (urolithiasis-positive) with urinary stone disease, aged from 5 to 18 years, and met the characteristics of idiopathic urolithiasis in children as well as 50 controls (urolithiasis-negative) that had relatively similar demographic criteria except for idiopathic urolithiasis.
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Clinical and Molecular Evaluation of a Case of Male Infertility and Azoospermia

Here we describe the case of a 35 year old male, with a harmonic phenotype, who sought medical assistance to assess the etiology of his infertility. As a result of clinical examination, karyotyping, FISH and molecular studies, we obtained the following karyotype: mos 45,X[18]/46,XY,idic(Y)q(11.2)[82]. Furthermore, the Y chromosome was characterized by the absence of the regions AZF2 (former AZFb, within the 11.22 band, and AZFc, within the 11.23 band), whereas the region AZF1 was conserved. Male infertility can be caused by several genetic alterations.
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Wake-up Strokes Are Similar to Known-Onset Morning Strokes in Severity and Outcome

Stroke symptoms noticed upon waking, wake-up stroke, account for up to a quarter of all acute ischemic strokes. Patients with wake-up stroke, however, are often excluded from thrombolytic therapy.
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Sarcoidosis - A Case of “Resistant Tuberculosis”

Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology. It usually has a benign course, but those cases with multi system involvement have poorer prognosis. Sarcoidosis is an under diagnosed disease in India, probably due to the close resemblance to tuberculosis and the lack of awareness. But this disease is not so rare in India, as previously thought.
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Complex Traumatic Facial Degloving Injury

By definition, degloving is detachment of skin and subcutaneous tissue, most often affecting the limbs and extremities and occasionally the scalp. Degloving generally occurs from high-energy trauma. This paper describes an extreme case of traumatic facial degloving injury. This is an extremely rare condition, as the patient survived despite the risk of imminent death. This case report addresses the decisions made regarding the emergency management, prevention of necrosis and infection by surgical debridement and timely repair of the vital soft tissue structures that guided the management.
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Effects of Transfer Point Glucan #300 Supplementation on Children exposed to Passive Smoking - Placebo-driven Double-blind Clinical Trials

In this study, we focused on the effect of β-glucan supplementation of children with chronic respiratory problems. We measured the levels of cortisol, salivary IgE and cotinine in 56 children and evaluated the effect of 30 day supplementation with 100 mg/day oral dose of yeast-derived β-glucan. Our results showed strong decrease of cotinine and cortisol levels in saliva of β-glucan-supplemented children.
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Editorial Board Members Related to etiology

Andrzej Wernicki

Professor
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Life Sciences
Poland

SALEH A. NASER

Professor of Medicine and Graduate Coordinator
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
University of Central Florida
United States

Lina H K LIM

Associate Professor
Department of Physiology
National University of Singapore
Singapore

Qingzhong Kong

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Angel Simeonov Galabov

Professor
Department of Virology
The Stephan Angeloff Institute of Microbiology
Bulgaria

RAJNISH S. DAVE

Associate Scientist
Department of Neuroscience
Temple University
United States

Shuvra Kanti Dey

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology
Jahangirnagar University
Bangladesh

Chantal ME Tallaksen

Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Oslo
Norway

SALEH A. NASER

Professor of Medicine and Graduate Coordinator
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
University of Central Florida
United States

KRZYSZTOF KOSTRO

Professor
Department of Epizootiology and Clinic of Infectious Diseases
Lublin University
Poland
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