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Articles Related to lipid

Induce Hyperlipidemia in Rats Using High Fat Diet Investigating Blood Lipid and Histopathology

The experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of induced hyperlipidemia in SD rats fed with high fat diet (HFD) for 7 weeks on blood lipid profile and possible pathological changes in liver, stomach, intestine, heart, spleen, lung and kidney. There were significant differences in most rats which induced hyperlipidemia throughout the experimental period with the blood lipid levels and histopathology.
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Timing is everything: Lipid and Energy Losses with Simulated Nasogastric Tube Feeds

To determine the proportion of human milk (pooled and homogenized) fat loss via feeding tube in a simulated 24-hour feeding cycle. Anonymous samples of frozen human milk were obtained, thawed and pooled (pHM) in a 1000 mL glass beaker with a magnetic stir bar. Eight syringes (30 mL each) were prepared and attached to 60” extension tubing and a 5 FR polyurethane or silicone nasogastric (NG) tube. Samples to test for pool uniformity were collected at the beginning, middle and end of syringe preparation. Milk was delivered sequentially via gravity, 30-minute or 60-minute infusion. Pooled human milk was analyzed for macronutrient content at the end of each feeding “cycle”. All scenarios were repeated using homogenized donor human milk (hDHM).
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The Association Between Strength, Balance and Physical Function with the Body Mass Index in Dyslipidemia

The coexistence of chronic diseases has led to greater negativity in patients than the negativity of diseases individually speaking. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the body mass index on metabolic profile, isometric and isokinetic muscle strength, static and dynamic balance, and anaerobic capacity in dyslipidemia patients, as well as to emphasize what exercises should be recommended for recovering the experienced functional loss of the patients. Forty five patients (26 women, 19 men) between 40 and 75 years of age and who were newly diagnosed as dyslipidemia were enrolled into this study. The patients were divided into two groups according to their body mass indexes (BMI): group 1 (n:18) or those whose BMI was lower than 25 kg/m2, and group 2 (n:27) or those whose BMI was higher than 30 kg/m2. Biochemical blood sampling was done. The Get Up and Go, single leg stance, anaerobic capacity, and isometric as well as isokinetic muscle strength tests were performed in order to evaluate functional capacities. There were no statistically significant differences shown at gender distribution, age, or height (p>0.05) between groups. The weight and BMI’s between the groups were statistically significantly different (p<0.05). The fasting glucose levels and triglyceride levels of group 2 was statistically significantly higher than group 1 (p<0.05), whereas other biochemical parameters showed no differences (p>0.05). The static balance tests results between groups have shown no statistically significant differences (p<0.05); however the dynamic balance test results for group 2 was statistically significantly worse than those of group 1 (p<0.05). The parameters of the results of the anaerobic testing, alongside those of the isometric and isokinetic testing for group 1 patients were statistically significantly higher than those of group 2 (p<0.05). Obesity negatively affects dyslipidemic patients’ metabolic and functional capacities. An exercise program for dyslipidemic patients with a high BMI should include strengthening and balance as well as dynamic balance exercises in order to positively influence both their metabolic profiles and functional status.
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Mitochondrial Production of Perhydroxyl Radical (HO2 • ) as Inducer of Aging and Age-Related Pathologies

All organisms age, in the search of the universal mechanisms of aging Barja analyzed results obtained with various species of mammals and birds and concluded that only two known factors correlate in the right sense (inversely) with animal longevity in vertebrates: the long life span is associated with (a) low rates of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, and (b) low degree of fatty acid polyunsaturation of cellular membranes including the mitochondrial ones [Barja (2014) Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. 127:1-27].
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The Use of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Cancer Patients with Heart Failure

Investigate the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in cancer patients with heart failure (HF); assess factors associated with ischemic and non-ischemic HF. Many newer cancer therapies are cardiotoxic; thus, the incidence of HF has been increasing in this high-risk patient population. CRT has beneficial effects on morbidity, mortality, and left ventricular function in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, yet cancer patients and survivors who develop severe HF and are eligible for CRT often does not receive it.
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Cloning of Perilipin 2 Gene and Investigating its Expression Level in Porcine Longissimus Muscle

PLIN2 belongs to one member of PAT (Perilipin, Adipophilin and Tip47) family, which plays an important role in regulating lipid storage and could be regarded as a candidate gene for intramuscular fat deposition in pigs. This study tried to clone the coding domain sequence (CDS) of PLIN2 gene, compare the nucleotide acids and deduced amino acids sequence, physiological characteristics, structure and the expression level between Wujin (fatty breed) and Landrace (lean breed) pigs. The results showed that the mutation of nucleotide acids led to the mutation of deduced amino acids between two pig breeds.
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Current Dietary Lipids Recommendations: Pros and Cons

The rise of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD), mainly cardiovascular disease, obesity and cancer, has been assumed to be a consequence of the increase intake of fatty foods, especially saturated fats and cholesterol.
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Association between Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism of ApoB Gene with Dyslipidemia and Obesity Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Several studies have suggested that Insertion/Deletion polymorphism of ApoB gene is associated with obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD).
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An Introduction to the Approaches of Novel Drug Delivery Systems for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The currently available anti HIV agents have several drawbacks such as short half life, low bioavailability, poor CNS penetration and retention, hepatic first pass metabolism, undesirable side effects and frequent dosing regimen.
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Hereditary Spherocytosis and Venous Thrombosis of Atypical Site: A Triple Hematologic Disease?

A 22 year-old male with an unspecified family history of hematologic diseases was admitted complaining of chest pain.
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Improvements to In Vitro Culture Media for Use in Bovine IVF

In assisted reproduction of cattle the design and preparation of in vitro culture media has been instrumental in supporting the development of bovine oocytes and embryos. In vitro production (IVP) involves three main sequential steps: oocyte aspiration and in vitro maturation (IVM); in vitro fertilization (IVF); and in vitro culture (IVC) of early pre-implantation embryos.
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Nuts and Body Weight - An Overview

Since obesity and overweight became health issues, tree nuts became considered as unhealthy, due to their high fat content. Their high energy density has been pointed as a major factor in body weight gain.
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Healthy and Unhealthy Dietary Patterns are related to Lipid Parameters in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The effects of a single food or nutrient on disease may be insufficient and poor, but the cumulative effect is detectable. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and lipid parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes.
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Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy and Factor V Leiden

Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an entity that is caused by circulatory insufficiency which affects the proximal portion of the optic nerve. NAION is characterized by the following triad: abrupt and painless loss of vision, optic disc smelling and nerve fiber bundle defects in the visual field of the affected eye.
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A Review on Nanoprobes for Sensing, Imaging and Disease Detection

This review focuses on imaging, visualization and detection of diseases using nanoprobes. Several currently available nanoprobes such as fluorescent nanoprobes, upconversion nanoparticle probes, supermagnetic iron oxide nanoprobes, and polymer- and liposome based nanoprobes are discussed.
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Editorial Board Members Related to lipid

Edralin A Lucas

Associate Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
Oklahoma State University
United States

ASIF ALI

Assistant Professor
Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR)
India

Guo-Fang Zhang

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition
Case Western Reserve University
United States

EUGENE A. CIOFFI

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
College of Medicine
University of South Alabama
United States

Elmar J Prenner

Assistant Professor
Department of Biological Sciences
University of Calgary
Canada

R. SURESHKUMAR

Assistant professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
JSS College of Pharmacy
India

Andrey Budanov

Assistant Professor
Department of Human and Molecular Genetics
Massey Cancer Center
United States

SHAUKAT ALI

Technical Support Manager
BASF Corporation
Pharma Solutions
United States

Weibin Shi

Associate Professor
Radiology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics
University of Virginia
United States

Saul Yedgar

Professor
Department of Biochemistry
Hebrew University
Israel
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