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Articles Related to neonatal

Nightmare Case of Complex Neonatal Truncus Arteriosus

Neonatal management of severe quadricuspid truncal valve insufficiency is very challenging with high risk of postoperative mortality. Aortic valve reconstruction is the unique rescue and should be consider and previously planned in case of truncal valvuloplasty failure. Many extracardiac malformations can be associated with truncus arteriosus, therefore a cardiac and chest computed tomography scan must be performed before the elective surgical repair.
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Invasive Candidiasis in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

Candidemia is the third most common cause of hospital acquired infection affecting infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).
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Profile of Newborns with Bone Metabolic Disease in a Neonatal Intensive Therapy Unit

This is a retrospective and documental study with a quantitative approach, performed at the NICU of a reference hospital in Fortaleza, from November 2016 to January 2017, whose sample consisted of 30 medical records. The following variables were analyzed: weight, gestational age (GI), weight / GI adequacy, gender, Apgar score, BDM associated morbidities, ventilator support, parenteral nutrition (NTP), medicines, physiotherapeutic assistance and blood biochemical analysis. The variables were analyzed by Microsoft Excel® 2016 to obtain absolute and percentage data.
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Epidemiological Profile of Congenital Cardiopathy Neonatal Revelation in Tehran

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital disorder in newborns represents a major cause of perinatal death. The prevalence of these malformations is still unrecognized in Tunisia because of the lack of a national register. The aim of this study was describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of the heart diseases with neonatal diagnosis in Tunisia.
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Role of Bilirubin and Albumin in Cord Blood as Predictors for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia

Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is observed during the first week of life in approximately 60% of term infants and 80% of preterm infants. The aim of this study is to evaluate the predictive value of cord blood bilirubin and albumin in identifying neonates for subsequent hyperbilirubinemia. Cord blood samples (3ml) were collected from all newborns that complied with the protocol inclusion criteria. The samples were sent for the assaying of total, unconjugated, conjugated bilirubin, albumin levels and baby’s blood group and rhesus factor.
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New Insight for Early Diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis

Mean platelet volume MPV that is included in CBC, will be larger with platelet destruction problems as in Neonatal sepsis NS or when the body is producing increased numbers of platelets. Also, NS is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species that will lead to consumption of specific antioxidant molecules like uric acid. The aim of the work: to determine the role of MPV and uric acid levels in the early diagnosis of NS.
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Hirschsprung’s Disease in Adult Treated by Coloprotectomy and Colo-Anal Anastomosis

Hirschsprung’s disease is a rare pathology Most cases become manifest during the neonatal period, but in rare instances, the disease is initially diagnosed in adult patients.
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Parenteral Nutrition in the Newborn: Associated Disorders and Nutritional Aspects

Severe prematurity at birth is an indicator of additional attention for the multidisciplinary team, since the newborn in this condition did not have the opportunity to develop organic systems under ideal conditions (intrauterine). Several factors may induce premature birth, malformation of organs or metabolic disruptions, however, additional attention has been given to inborn errors of metabolism (IEM) and deficiency/excess of key nutrients.
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Ventilation, Chest Compression and Placental Circulation at Neonatal Resuscitation – ILCOR Recommendation 2015

ILCOR now recommends delayed cord clamping of at least 30 seconds in term and preterm neonates. Due to insufficient evidence they provide no specific advice about the neonate that requires resuscitation.
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Neonatal Endotracheal Tubes and Prevention of Bronchial Intubation

Right main stem bronchial intubation (RMSBI) causes morbidity during neonatal assisted ventilation. Over-distention of the right middle and/or lower lobes of the lung and under-ventilation and/or atelectasis of the remaining lung are the major complications of RMSBI [1,2]. Complications of RMSBI include a) over-inflation of a pulmonary lobe (lobar emphysema), b) pulmonary interstitial emphysema, c) pneumothorax, and/or d) pneumomediastinum [3]. In very preterm infants, pneumothorax correlates with the pathophysiology of intraventricular hemorrhage [4].
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Procalcitonin versus C-Reactive Protein in Neonatal Sepsis

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in febrile children younger than 3 months, with reported rates ranging from 5% to 20% depending on different series. Neonates and infants up to age 2 months who have pyelonephritis usually do not have symptoms localized to the urinary tract.
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Pharmacy Compounding Quality Control and Pharmaceutical Development Strategies for Seventeen alpha Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate in Prevention of Preterm Delivery

Seventeen alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) is the only FDA-approved drug labeled for prevention of preterm delivery. This drug is also available as a compounded product from licensed compounding pharmacies. This article reviews the FDA approval history and pharmacy compounding quality control data of 17-OHPC, as well as briefly discusses possible future pharmaceutical development strategies for 17-OHPC.
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Editorial Board Members Related to neonatal

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

MICHAEL P. SHERMAN

Professor Emeritus
Department of Child Health
Division of Neonatology
University of California-Davis School of Medicine
United States

Fayez M. Bany-Mohammed

Clinical Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of California
United States

SHAMSUN NAHAR

Professor
Department of Family & Community Medicine
King Khalid University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Theresa Loomis

Director
M.S.Nutrition and Dietetics Program
State University of New York
USA

INTAN HAKIMAH ISMAIL

Associate Professor
Department of Paediatrics
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS)
University Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

JONATHAN K. MURASKAS

Professor
Department of Pediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynecology
Loyola University Medical Center
Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine
United States

Carmelo Romeo

Pediatric Surgeon
Department of Pediatric, Gynecological, Microbiological and Biomedical Sceinces
University of Messina
Italy

PHILIP ROSENTHAL

Professor
Departments of Pediatrics and Surgery
University of California
United States

CHIA-YI KUAN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Center for Neurodegenerative Disease
Emory University School of Medicine
United States
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