Top Links

Articles Related to obesity

Overweight and Obesity and their Relationship with Glucose Dysregulation in the Nigerian Youth

Fasting plasma glucose is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease in obese children. This study aimed to evaluate the association between WC, BMI and WHtR and blood glucose in children.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Increased expression of Nppc and Npr2 in ovarian tissues from mice with polycystic ovary syndrome

Weight loss is an efficient therapy for obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Here we evaluate the effect of dietary weight reduction on clinical performance in obese PCOS patients. Medical records of fifty obese PCOS patients (age 27 ± 5 years) who had calorie-controlled dietary intervention were reviewed. The patients had a 1200-kcal/day diet until ovulation or for up to three months. Changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, menstruation, acne, and hirsutusm, serum levels of endocrine hormones and adipocytokines, glucolipid metabolism index and insulin resistance were assessed. Menstrual cycle, ovulation andrelapse in the following six months were also reviewed. All patients had menstrual disorder, 43 had acne, and 26 were hirsute. After weight loss, the BMI decreased from 27.89 ± 3.06 to 25.70 ± 2.42 kg/m2 (p < 0.001). Acne and hirsutusm was improved in 39 and 14 patients, respectively. Regular menstruation was restored in 26 patients and lasted for 3.12 months on average. Endocrine hormones levels, adipocytokines levels, glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance were shifted toward balance. Weight relapse was seen in 11 patients. No side effects occurred. Dietary intervention in obese PCOS patients can improve relevant clinical problems but weight relapse is an issue
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Comparison of Outcomes Following Revisional Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

The number of bariatric procedures being performed worldwide has increased markedly over the past two decades and this has led to revisional bariatric surgery being increasingly performed.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day and 1-year Mortality after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Obesity contributes to chronic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure, disease states that negatively affect life expectancy.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Metabolic Effects of an Inositol-Resveratrol Nutraceutical Combination in Non-Diabetic Overweight/Obese Subjects with Altered Glucose Tolerance

Insulin resistance (IR) is almost constistently associated with overweight or obesity in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Nutraceutical compounds improving insulin resistance (IR) may be useful in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in metabolic diseases.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

The Development of Reference Values for Waist Circumference and Waist Height Ratios in Nigerian Youths 10-18 Years of Age

In Nigeria, indices predictive of adolescent central adiposity are lacking. This study aimed to develop age- and gender- specific cut-offs for WC and WHtR for Nigerian adolescents
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Protective Effects of Exclusive Breastfeeding against Childhood Obesity: Finding Evidences from India

Treating childhood obesity is time-consuming and inconclusive exercise; children suffering dominantly in later years are more likely to grow up to be obese adults.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Cardiovascular Responses of Patients with Obesity Submitted to a Proof of Effort

Obesity is a multisystemic disease. It is a coronary risk factor, that promotes or is associated with other components such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, etc.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Reflections on the Effect of an m Health App in Behavioural Change for Childhood Weight Management

Childhood obesity is a growing problem facing the developed world. This manuscript reports user experiences of the TreCLifeStyle mHealth app to bring about behavioural change.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Washington County, PA-A Case Study to Improve the Obesity Epidemic and Enhance Healthcare Access at the Patient-, Community- and Health System Level

Across the nation it has been documented that obesity and healthcare access are growing challenges that especially impact individuals and communities of lower socioeconomic status (SES). Residents of Pennsylvania’s Washington County, a lower a SES suburb on the outskirts of Pittsburgh, is not immune to these variables.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

The Effects of Vitamin D on Obesity, Insulin Resistance and Type 2 Diabetes

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin. It is also referred to as a steroid hormone with an active form that can bind to receptors. The main way to obtain vitamin D is its synthetization on the skin with the effect of ultraviolet light. It is activated in the body by two hydroxylation reactions in the liver and kidneys. Vitamin D is said to have other effects besides those on the bone metabolism. Vitamin D deficiency is a global social health problem. It is associated with cardiovascular diseases, obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, various types of cancer, immune deficiencies and increased mortality. It is frequently observed in obese individuals. A possible molecular mechanism of the relationship between obesity and vitamin D deficiency may be associated with the metabolism in mature adipocytes, oxidative stress, inflammation and the gene expression regulation capacity of vitamin D which is related to the adipogenesis process. Vitamin D may lead to an increase in insulin secretion and a decrease in insulin resistance by regulating the immune system. Inflammatory cytokine production is thought to be one of the mechanisms of action of vitamin D on insulin resistance. Inflammatory cytokines appear to be associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Low levels of vitamin D may cause disruption of insulin secretion. Vitamin D may be involved in β-cell secretion activity and changes in tissue response to insulin. There is a relationship between inadequate 25(OH)D levels and β-cell dysfunction. Vitamin D may have beneficial effects on β-cell function by suppressing the renin-angiotensin system. Based on all this information, it may be concluded that vitamin D is associated with obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes, and vitamin D deficiency may form the basis for these conditions.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

No Evidence for Stress-Induced Sympathetic Activity in Young Women Classified as Restrained Eaters

Obesity has been linked to autonomic dysfunction, which is thought to be one of the main contributors for hypertension, cardiac remodelling and death. The aim of the present study was to investigate stress related changes in autonomous function in subjects at high risk for obesity (Restrained eaters). 33 healthy women aged 18-30 years were recruited through advertisement in local newspapers. Classification in restrained and unrestrained eaters was done according to norm tables from the German version of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire. Participants were exposed to the Trier Social Stress Test, a standardized laboratory stressor. As an indicator of autonomous function the measurement of heart rate was performed. Restrained eaters did not respond with a significant increase in heart rate after stress. The results are interpreted with respect to consequences for nutritional intake and stress coping.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Overweight and Obesity in Women: Factor Analysis of Data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey

Overweight and obesity are emerging public health challenges in low-to-middle-income countries. Factors such as urbanization, physical inactivity, changing diets, and harmful consumption of alcohol contribute to this global growth in overweight and obesity, particularly in African countries. This study aimed to identify factors most predictive of overweight and obesity in adult women in Kenya.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Adolescent Smoking: The Relationship between Cigarette Consumption and BMI

Studies relating cigarette smoking and body weight yield conflicting results. Weight-lowering effects in women and men have been associated with smoking; however, no effects on weight have been proven. This study examined the association between cigarette smoking and relative weight in adolescent males and females as they age into young adults.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text


Editorial Board Members Related to obesity

YUNBO LI

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
United States

WINNIE CHAN

Department of Nutrition & Dietetics
University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust
United Kingdom

Deeptha Sukumar

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition Sciences
Drexel University
United States

Meijun Zhu

Assistant Professor
School of Food Science
Washington State University
United States

SHAMSUN NAHAR

Professor
Department of Family & Community Medicine
King Khalid University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Liqing Yu

Associate Professor
Departments of Animal and Avian Sciences
University of Maryland
United States

Tracey Ledoux

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Human Performance
University of Houston
United States

Yongjun Liu

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
Tulane University
United States

Alireza Jahan-mihan

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
University of North Florida
United States

Seyed Khosrow Tayebati

Professor
Department of Experimental Medicine and Public Health
University of Camerino
Italy
Submit Manuscript


Open Access Journals

View All Journals