Articles Related to ovary
Weight loss is an efficient therapy for obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Here we evaluate the effect of dietary weight reduction on clinical performance in obese PCOS patients. Medical records of fifty obese PCOS patients (age 27 ± 5 years) who had calorie-controlled dietary intervention were reviewed. The patients had a 1200-kcal/day diet until ovulation or for up to three months. Changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, menstruation, acne, and hirsutusm, serum levels of endocrine hormones and adipocytokines, glucolipid metabolism index and insulin resistance were assessed. Menstrual cycle, ovulation andrelapse in the following six months were also reviewed. All patients had menstrual disorder, 43 had acne, and 26 were hirsute. After weight loss, the BMI decreased from 27.89 ± 3.06 to 25.70 ± 2.42 kg/m2 (p < 0.001). Acne and hirsutusm was improved in 39 and 14 patients, respectively. Regular menstruation was restored in 26 patients and lasted for 3.12 months on average. Endocrine hormones levels, adipocytokines levels, glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance were shifted toward balance. Weight relapse was seen in 11 patients. No side effects occurred. Dietary intervention in obese PCOS patients can improve relevant clinical problems but weight relapse is an issue
A Novel Neuroprotective and Antioxidative Efficacy of a Unique Combination of Standardized Huperzia serrata, Convolvulus pluricaulis and Celastrus paniculatus Extracts
Physical and environmental stress in conjunction with hectic lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are the major cause of diverse neurodegenerative disorders. Oxidative neuronal injury and acetylcholine deficiency have a major impact on learning and memory retention. Most of the treatment strategies are based on the improvement of cholinergic function in the brain and one of the emerging therapeutic targets is to enhance the acetylcholine level in the brain. Standardized botanical extracts including Huperzia serrata (1% Huperzine A, CogniUp), Convolvulus pluricaulis (SP) and Celastrus paniculatus (JY) have been demonstrated to attenuate brain function by serving as a natural acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine and the Young Ovary: Review of Safety Research Following Two Case Series of Premature Ovarian Insufficiency
The quadrivalent virus-like particle vaccine against human papillomavirus (QHPV) is a population vaccine targeting peri-pubertal girls and boys. Focus on evaluation of adolescent ovarian safety arises from cases in primary care and published case series describing the development of menstrual dysfunction and idiopathic premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) following QHPV vaccination. A structured review of QHPV vaccine safety studies was performed to answer the question ‘has the ongoing ovarian safety of this vaccine in adolescents been assessed?’ The design, size, and process of pre-licensing safety trials in relation to their capacity to assess ovarian function were reviewed.
A study of the history of the dermoid cyst of the ovary suggests that the old masters were only conversant with large tumors. The relatively smaller dermoid cyst with its typical greasy matter and hairs only came into recognition during the second half of the 19th century. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to document how the medical masters of yester years became acquainted with this distinct disease.
Assisted reproductive technologies, such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer, have produced significant outcomes in cattle. These technologies are useful not only for improving fertility but also for increasing the rate of genetic change in beef and dairy livestock. Today, embryo transfer in cattle is both practical and commercially viable. However, bovine embryo transplantation still remains suboptimal under on-farm conditions, one of the main reasons for which may be inefficient nutritional management.
Persisting Cough as the Single Presenting Symptom of an Intrathoracic Tumor in a Nine-Month-Old Child with Adenovirus Airway Infection
We report on a nine-month-old girl who presented with persisting cough, and diminished ventilation of the left hemithorax. Viral pneumonia was suspected after Adenovirus detection by PCR, but chest X-rays showed a persistent shadowing of the left hemithorax and persistent coughing despite clinical improvement. Because of the discrepancy between clinical and radiological signs further investigations by ultrasound and CT scan were performed, which visualized an intrathroracic tumor. Histopathology confirmed diagnosis of a teratoma.