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Articles Related to pH

The Dose and its Acute Toxicology: A Systematic Review Article in the First Phase of Experimental Pharmacology

Hundreds and thousands of acute toxicity studies are conducted in experimental pharmacology with assumption hypothesis every year. It is usually concluded with inadequately validated data during the period of investigation within 24 hours.
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Target Joint “New Concept of Identification”

The hallmark of hemophilia is hemarthrosis. All efforts must be made to early diagnose joint bleeding as soon as it occurs and treat it not later than within 2 h of onset by infusing the appropriate clotting factor. This will prevent the accumulation of blood in the joint as well as inflammation and a potential hemophilic arthropathy. Recurrent bleeding prevents the joint from regaining its range of motion, muscle strength, and normal appearance. These changes become permanent, leading eventually to osteoarthritis. A bleeds joint requires urgent and comprehensive management, especially in young patients, if permanent damage is to be prevented.
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Diversity of Foliicolous Fungi in Kashmir

The fungus kingdom encompasses an enormous diversity of taxa with varied ecologies, life cycle strategies, and morphologies ranging from unicellular aquatic chytrids to large mushrooms. Studying fungal diversity is vital if we want to shed light on terrestrial ecosystem functioning. However, there is still poor understanding of fungal diversity and variation given that fungi are highly diversified and that most of fungal species remain uncultured.
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Evaluation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Nano-Fertilizers on Yield, Yield Components and Fiber Properties of Egyptian Cotton (Gossypium Barbadense L.)

Field experiments were carried out in Agricultural and Experimental Research Station in years 2016 and 2017 to evaluate NPK nanofertilizers application, times, methods and rates on yield and fiber properties of Egyptian cotton (Giza, 90). The experiment was laid out in a split-split-plot based on Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications.
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Height Characteristic of Pedestrian and Digital Identity

Each and every adult subject is having specific digital data of height characteristic. Physically it is measured in units of centimeter or in feet. It can also relatively be measured using light beam (camera) having same geological plane of control and exhibit image. The data of height images are mathematically proportional and related to each other with reference to that particular distance. Mathematically height relation of imagesis P1 X P2 = 1.000 and distance relation is D1 X D2 =1.000. P1 and P2 is ratio data of height and D1 and D2 are ratio data of distance. Computerize image height data is having three digits after decimal point. Twelve digital height data is calculated. Probability of having same twelve digital height data of two different subjects is rare, as a result adult subject is having specific digital code of identity. The data obtained can be described as photographic height (length) of the subject or height identity data for that particular distance. Aim of the article is to pointing out or to identify a missing (bhagedu) and a wanted person (culprit) from the mob using available data of height and recorded data of the investigating authority. The presence of informer (khabari), to identify a culprit is not required and there be a more than one spots of search at a time.
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A Preliminary Evaluation Study to Determine the Effectiveness of Infra-Red Photography for the Rapid Visualisation of Gun Shot Residue on Fabric

Infrared (IR) photography has been shown to be a proficient technique for the examination of documents, blood traces and ageing of skin injuries. However, its application in relation to the visualisation of latent Gunshot Residue (GSR) deposits has, until now, been significantly under researched. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of IR photography as a rapid technique for GSR visualisation on different fabric types.
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The Assessment of Mobbing Damage: When the Psychological Pain Becomes Physical

Mobbing was defined by Leymann “a form of psychological terrorism that implies an unostentatious and unethical attitude in a systematic form by one or more subjects, usually towards a single individual who, because of this persecution, finds himself in a defenceless condition and becomes object of continuous vexatious and persecutory activities that recur with a systematic frequency and over a period of time that is not short, causing considerable mental, psychosomatic and social suffering” (Leymann, 1988) [1].
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Pharmacokinetics of a 1,000 mg Disintegrating Aspirin Tablet Formulation

Migraine is a global disorder and considerably affecting people`s quality of life. Treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-containing medicinal products among whom acetylsalicylic acid-containing Aspirin® has been proven effectively to relief migraine headache. Early treatment is recommended for patients with migraine attacks.
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Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis Secondary to Dermatopathic Lymphadenitis

Dermatopathic lymphadenitis (DL) is considered a benign disease, the symptoms of which can be relieved with only anti–histamine. It can be confused with lymphoma. Here, we report a case of DL, which resulted in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). After adequate treatment, remission was obtained at first; however, recurrence with liver failure occurred six months later, which quickly resulted in death. This particular case has not been reported elsewhere. It reminds us that even benign dermatological problems can cause life–threatening syndromes, such as, in this case, HLH. The risk needs to be taken seriously in patients presenting with fever, skin problems, and lymphadenopathy.
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The Importance of the Clock Drawing Test in Palliative Care: Identifying Cognitive Impairment and the Reverse Clock Drawing Test Phenomenon

Delirium is common in palliative care and often not diagnosed or mistaken for sedation or anxiety. There are multiple validated screening tools. The clock drawing test (CDT) is a rapid and patient centered screen for delirium which can be followed longitudinally. It also has the possibility of detecting the underlying neuroanatomical lesion. We present a patient with a right hemispheric subdural hematoma who had a reversal of the numbers on the clock face. This has been described with pathology of the right hemisphere. This patient experience illustrates the benefits of the CDT not only in detecting delirium but also revealing the neuroanatomical locus which generated the delirium episode and assisted the palliative care team in identifying patients with appropriate decision-making capacity
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Effect of Measurement of Total Organic Carbon Compounds to Improve Water Quality in the Shortest Time

One of the challenges and concerns of water industry experts and practitioners is to ensure that there is no bacterial contamination in water samples, especially drinking water samples. The second is to find out if there is a microbial biofilm layer in water resources such as wells, storage tanks, and even water distribution networks. The presence of biofilms in water resources and reservoirs reduces the quality of water.
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Clinical Profile of Muscular Dystrophies in Burkina Faso

To describe clinical profile of muscular dystrophies in Burkina Faso, we retrospectively reviewed 17 patients who had clinical phenotypes of Muscular Dystrophy between 2004 and 2004 in the neurology Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou.
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Overweight and Obesity in Women: Factor Analysis of Data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey

Overweight and obesity are emerging public health challenges in low-to-middle-income countries. Factors such as urbanization, physical inactivity, changing diets, and harmful consumption of alcohol contribute to this global growth in overweight and obesity, particularly in African countries. This study aimed to identify factors most predictive of overweight and obesity in adult women in Kenya.
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Decision-Making in Mastitis Prevention and Control at Regional, Herd and Individual Levels Based on Epidemiological and Economic Studies

The objective of this review is to describe results of epidemiological and economic studies carried out in Brazil that can assist in the decision making process at the region, herd and individual levels for the prevention and control of bovine mastitis. At regional and herd-levels, we present data from a time series analysis comparing somatic cell counts in herds located in Brazil and in the United States (US), an estimation of the prevalence of contagious mastitis pathogens in a specific population of herds located at the state of Minas Gerais, and finally we report the identification of risk factors for new and chronic intramammary infections within herds located at the state of Santa Catarina. The outcomes of epidemiological studies that support the decision making process at herd- and individual-level are related to the decrease in prevalence of contagious mastitis pathogens in the herd as well as the estimate of the economic impact of mastitis occurrence.
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Variability of Morphological Markers of Cone and Seeds in Natural Populations and Artificial Plantations of the Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

The variability of morphological markers of the reproductive organs in seven natural populations and nine artificial plantations of the Scots pine of Ukrainian Polissya (Volyn, Rivne and Kyiv regions) was studied. The colour of cones, seeds, winged seeds, and the apophysis of the cones of the trees were used as morphological markers.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Editorial Board Members Related to pH

Daolun Chen

Professor
Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering
Ryerson University
Canada

Elena Kolomietz

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine
University of Toronto
Canada

Wei Min Huang

Associate Professor
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Tracey Ledoux

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Human Performance
University of Houston
United States

Magdalena Pilska

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Human Nutrition and Consumer Sciences
Warsaw University of Life Sciences
Poland

Nevin Fayez Wanis Zaki

Assistant Professor
Psychiatry & Consultant psychiatrist
Mansoura University Hospitals
Egypt

Shuvra Kanti Dey

Assistant Professor
Department of Microbiology
Jahangirnagar University
Bangladesh

Esam Hosney Ali Ibraheem

Professor
Department of Botany and Microbiology
Assiut University
Egypt

Sze May NG

Department of Paediatrics
University of Liverpool
UK

Sacha A.F.T. van Hijum

Principal Investigator
Radboud university medical center and NIZO food research
Netherlands
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