Articles Related to paralysis
Facial nerve paralysis may occur along the natural progression of an untreated vestibular schwannoma, as a surgical complication following vestibular schwannoma resection, or as a late sequela of stereotactic radiation. However, facial paralysis occurring as a subacute complication of CyberKnife (Accuray, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) stereotactic radiation has not previously been reported. A 47-year-old male presented with a right vestibular schwannoma measuring 3.1 cm in greatest dimension with House-Brackmann grade I/VI facial function and American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery class a hearing. After deferring surgery, he elected to undergo CyberKnife stereotactic radiation to a total dose of 18 Gy in three stages.
Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HypoPP) is a rare disease whereby voltage-gated ion channels are mutated and it is characterized by episodic flaccid paralysis concomitant to variations in blood potassium levels. Attacks usually happen after exercise or high carbohydrate meals. The diagnosis is made with laboratory data which helps to exclude other causes and confirm low serum potassium or myotonia on eletromyography (EMG).
In China, the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch is used as functional food and medicinal materials. The scorpion, scorpion venoms and their extracts are effective in treating a variety of nervous system diseases such as epilepsy, apoplexy pains and facial paralysis.
Jugular foramen schwannomas arising from cranial nerves IX, X, and XI are uncommon pathological conditions, slowly growing benign tumors that constitute approximately 2.9 to 4% of all intracranial schwannomas. Jugular foramen schwannomas represent 10-30% of all tumors observed around the jugular foramen.
Guillain-barré syndrome (G.B. Syndrome) is an acute inflammatory poly-radiculoneuropathy characterized by weakness and areflexia typically following viral infection, vaccination, and rarely surgery. Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Poly-radiculoneuropathy is the most common subtype of G.B. Syndrome. Although post-operative G.B. syndrome is a rare entity, there are few case reports of G.B. syndrome after gastric surgery. But there have been no reported case scenarios of atypical variety of this neurologic entity following hepato billiary surgery. Hence our objective is to put forward this message to the readers.
Acute Type C Botulism with Fatal Consequences in a Holstein Breeding Establishment in Northern Italy
BOTULISM is a neuro-paralytic intoxication illness caused by the ingestion of neurotoxins of Clostridium botulinum with contaminated water or food. The Gram-positive spore-producing bacterium Cl. botulinum is found worldwide and can survive in spore form for up to 30 years in numerous substrates in the environment. Cl. botulinum is classified into 7 or 8 different types (A, B, C (C1, C2), D, E, F, G) depending on the antigen properties of the botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) produced, with intoxication mostly appearing in cattle following the ingestion of neurotoxins of type C and D and, less frequently, of type B.