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Articles Related to review

Management of Bladder Catheter Knot in a Girl: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Urinary catheterisation is a common urologic practice performed in daily medical practice. Despite its safety, the procedure itself is not without complications. As a rare complication of bladder catheterisation, knotting of a urinary catheter is mostly reported in young male childre
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Review on Recent Approaches in Transdermal Drug Delivery System

Transdermal drug delivery system has become a proven technology that offer significant clinical benefit over the dosage forms. Drugs with very short half-life, narrow therapeutic window, and poor bioavailability-transdermal drug system are convenient. Skin serves as site of drug application for local as well as systemic effects. There are wide varieties of drugs for which topical or transdermal is viable options
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The Importance of Dorsoulnar Flap in The Thumb’s Pulp Reconstruction - A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

The arterial supply of the thumb differs greatly from that of the other fingers. The surgical technique is based on the presence of the ulnar dorsal digital artery of the thumb. By reference to anatomical facts, we present a case of the simple local flap, a dorsoulnar flap of the thumb, which presents a possibility to cover the extensive distal and pulpal thumb’s defects. As results, the flap was viable, well vascularized and the coverage was good.
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Pediatric Patient with a Celiac Crisis (Rare Presentation of a Common Disease) Case Report and Literature Review

Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic chronic immune-mediated disorder that is associated with weight loss, diarrhea, and laboratory abnormalities. Celiac disease (CD) is a disease in which the mucosal lining of the small intestine is damaged in response to the ingestion of gluten and similar proteins, which are found in wheat, oats, rye, barley and other grains. Children with CD are very common [1].
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Inherited Thrombophilia Could be a Possible Rare Etiology to Result in Cirrhosis: A Case Report and Literature Review

We reported on a cirrhosis patient who was demonstrated on gene sequencing to have inherited thrombophilia. A 33-year-old male patient with 8-year recurrent abdominal distention, symptom aggravated with 4-month pitting edema of lower extremities bilaterally, was identified decompensated cirrhosis in local hospital.
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The Use of Gingipain DNA Vaccine Against Virulence of Porphyromonas Gingivalis: A Literature Review

Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) is a primary etiologic agent of generalized aggressive and chronic forms of periodontitis. It releases toxins called ‘gingipains’.Gingipains, (Arginine-and Lysine-specific cysteine proteinases) are proteases that are critical virulence factors in progression of periodontitis and degradation of cytokines expressed during inflammation. HRgpA and RgpB (products of two distinct but related genes) induce vascular permeability by activation of the kallikrein/kinin pathway and activating the blood coagulation system which in turn induces gingival crevicular fluid production and progression of inflammation leading to alveolar bone loss.
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A Review on Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory and Gastroprotective Abilities of Mango (Magnifera indica) Leaf Extract and Mangiferin

Mango (Mangifera indica Linn.) trees have been cultivated and grown in Southern and Eastern India for thousands of years and have slowly spread all over the world. For over 4,000 years various parts of mango trees including leaf and fruit pulp have been extensively used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicines.
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The 2015 Dutch Food-Based Dietary Guidelines on Alcohol Consumption - A Critical Review

Background: Recently the Dutch Health Council has issued a revised alcohol guideline stating: Do not drink alcohol, or if any only drink one glass daily. The current guidelines are intended to obtain the lowest disease burden of the most burdensome diseases in The Netherlands. The current paper aims to estimate the overall impact of alcohol consumption on these diseases.
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Prevention of Peri-Implantitis: A Narrative Review

With the discovery of osseointegration and advancement in dental materials dental implants provide superior support, stability and retention for prosthetic replacement of missing teeth than any available prosthetic option. But with the use of implants, an associated biological complication of peri-implant disease is seen in 48% of cases. Hence, this review aims to summarize the risk factors associated with peri-implantits and highlights current prevention strategies available and those to be further researched to minimise the incidence and severity of peri-implant disease and enhance longevity of implants.
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Non Ige Mediated Cows Milk Protein Allergy Presenting with Generalized Edema: Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) Used as a Whole Model Organism to Identify New Anti-Infectives Therapeutic Agent for MRSA Pathogens - A Review Paper

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of the greatest fears with the number of serious infections on human health regarding antibiotic resistance. It causes a wide range of infections and bacteremia, ranging from inconsequential superficial skin infections, wound suppuration, even pneumonia or deep-seated tissue infections, which may lead to sepsis and fatalities.
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The Effect of Bundled Interventions on Prevention of Hospital Acquired Clostridium Difficile Infection: An Integrative Review

Hospitalized patients are at an increased risk for acquiring Clostridium Difficile Infection (CDI). Increased virulence of C. difficile strains and increased use of antimicrobials have led to an increase of CDI cases that are more difficult to treat (CDC, 2013). Proper hand hygiene techniques, room cleaning, and equipment cleaning are not consistently being followed by healthcare workers, leading an increased spread of CDI between hospitalized patients. The purpose of this integrative review was to determine the best evidencebased methods to reduce hospital-acquired CDI rates. The evidence reviewed supports the implementation of a multifaceted approach including: (a) proper hand hygiene practices, (b) adequate and appropriate surface cleaning practices, (c) compliance to contact isolation procedures, and (d) strengthening of an existing antimicrobial stewardship committee to reduce hospital-acquired CDI rates.
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Oral Health in Asthmatics: A Review

Asthma is a chronic inflammation of airway tract characterized by airway obstruction and hyper responsiveness presenting with symptoms of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and dyspnoea. It is a serious health issue with the worldwide occurrence. Antiasthmatic drugs have unfavorable effects on oral health causing dental caries, xerostomia, dental erosion, periodontal disease and orofacial deformities. This review concludes that asthma drastically affects oral health but preventive measures can help to improve quality of life.
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Trends in Thyroid Malignancies in Accra Ghana: A Retrospective Histopathological Review in the Department of Pathology (1994-2013), Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Malignancies of the thyroid gland are common in certain parts of the world. In Ghana there are no available data on the trends and gender characteristics of thyroid malignancies (TMs). The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the trends and gender characteristics of TMs in the Department of Pathology.
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Osteoid Osteoma of the Ribs - Is Image Intensifier or Bone Scintigraphy a Mandatory Diagnostic Tool - A Case report with Review of Literature

Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumour. In 1935, the jaffe reported it first. The fifty percent of OOs occur in long bones of the lower extremities but it may affect any bone. Only 1 % OOs affects the ribs and surgical excision was reported only in 14 cases in the literature. Complete surgical excision is the standard treatment method for osteoid osteoma is complete surgical excision which is reserved for the patients not responding to conservative treatment. In this report, we present a case of osteoid osteoma of the posterior part of the shaft of the sixth rib affecting a 30-year-old male, who had presented with symptoms of severe pain over the affected area and underwent surgical resection. Excised rib segment showed no osteosclerotic lesion on X-ray so immediately extended resection of the sixth rib was done. Here we have tried to evaluate the importance of the presence of the skeletal scintigraphy or C Arm image intensifier intraoperatively by comparing our experience with the available literature.
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Editorial Board Members Related to review

Qiyong Gong

Professor and Director
Huaxi MR Research Center
Department of Radiology
West China Hospital of Sichuan University
China

Ashraf Youssef Nasr

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Keith Murphy

Professor
Department of Biological Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

Domenico Rubello

Doctor
Director Department of Imaging Rovigo
General Hospital in Veneto
Italy

Jiazhen Ling

Assistant Research Professor
Center for Environmental Energy Engineering
USA

INTAN HAKIMAH ISMAIL

Associate Professor
Department of Paediatrics
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS)
University Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

Zhenghong Wu

Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics
China Pharmaceutical University
China

SEBASTIANO MERCADANTE

Director of Anesthesia & Intensive Care and Pain Relief & Supportive Care Unit
La Maddalena Cancer Center, Palermo
Italy

Liang-Shun Wang

Professor
Graduate Institute of clinical medicine
Taipei Medical University
Taiwan

Sajjad Pourmozaffar

Assistant professor
Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute
Iran
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