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Granular Cell Tumor of the Tongue: 2 Cases Report and Review of the Literature

Granular cell tumor, also known as Abrikossoff tumor, is a rare lesion that arises from the nervous system. Most of these tumors are benign and only 1-2% are malignant. Although they can be found in any part of the human body, 45-65% appears in the head and neck region, mainly in the oral cavity. Here, we report 2 cases of granular cell tumor of the tongue, diagnosed by excisional biopsy. Until the present moment, both patients remain with no recurrence.
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The Dose and its Acute Toxicology: A Systematic Review Article in the First Phase of Experimental Pharmacology

Hundreds and thousands of acute toxicity studies are conducted in experimental pharmacology with assumption hypothesis every year. It is usually concluded with inadequately validated data during the period of investigation within 24 hours.
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Splenic Abscesses as a Complication of Urinary Tract Infection: Case Report and Literature Review

Granular cell tumor, also known as Abrikossoff tumor, is a rare lesion that arises from the nervous system. Most of these tumors are benign and only 1-2% are malignant. Although they can be found in any part of the human body, 45-65% appears in the head and neck region, mainly in the oral cavity. Here, we report 2 cases of granular cell tumor of the tongue, diagnosed by excisional biopsy. Until the present moment, both patients remain with no recurrence.
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Enteric Duplication Cyst in Infant: Case Report and Literature Review

Congenital malformations can go unnoticed and have an impact on morbidity and mortality in early stages of life being a cause of infant death in some countries [1]. Malformations of the gastrointestinal tract occupy the second place among congenital abnormalities [2]. Along with them, the enteric duplication cyst is an infrequent anomaly difficult to diagnose specially for a non-specialist physician that is not use to attend this kind of pathologies or in hospitals where patients with this entities are infrequent. We present the case of a 5-month-old patient who underwent intestinal resection due to enteric duplication cyst.
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Review of the Diagnostic Value of Ultrasound Imaging in Giant Cell Arteritis

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) requires prompt diagnosis as clinical indicators of GCA are non-specific. Temporal artery biopsy (TAB) can be inconclusive and difficult to arrange timely. MR imaging is accurate for showing vessel thickening. However, the availability of MRI remains an issue in many radiology departments.
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Drinking Patterns and Fluid Intake in the Settings Workplace and University: A Systematic Review

The effect of an adequate fluid consumption is well-known and its relevance for the maintenance and promotion of health cannot be denied. Previous work indicates that daily demands and work exposures, i.e. related to stress, may have an impact on drinking patterns. To date, only few studies have investigated workers’ and students’ fluid consumption and drinking patterns, as well as their impact on different outcomes. However, a review that combines previous findings and current knowledge about workers’ and students’ likely fluid consumption has not been published yet. Therefore, we conducted a systematic literature review on drinking patterns in the settings workplace and university.
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Adynamic Donor Ureter: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

We report a unique case of a male recipient who received a zero mismatch kidney with mild anatomical anomalies from his sister. This right kidney was malrotated, had an extra renal pelvis with moderately dilated ureter up to the iliac artery bifurcation. Immediate graft function was achieved on reperfusion, and the recipient was discharged on day 7 with a serum creatinine (SC) of 1.8mg/dl. The DJ stent was removed after 6 weeks, with a rapid increase in SC to 3.5mg/dl, and ultrasound showed mild hydronephrosis with delayed excretion on nuclear imaging. Mechanical obstruction was excluded by retrograde pyelography, and a 5F DJ stent was placed across the ureterovesical anastomosis with an immediate decrease in SC. The case is presented in detail and discussed in the light of the current literature.
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Periodontal Maintenance Therapy and Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis: Brief Review of the Literature and Case Report

This case report presents an unusual variant of generalized aggressive periodontitis that was managed by nonsurgical therapy which included the use of a novel tooth gel. Also, a brief review of the literature is offered as context for this unusual clinical case. The patient, a 40-year old Caucasian female, presented with advanced bone loss involving all teeth, intense inflammation of the attached gingiva and little obvious supra- or subgingival biofilm and dental calculus. Presence of systemic disease, high levels of periodontal microbial pathogens and IL-1α and IL-1β polymorphisms were evaluated and all determined to be negative. Gingival biopsy resulted in a diagnosis of nonspecific inflammation. Treatment consisted of 2- and 3-month intervals for periodontal maintenance appointments and eventually the introduction of an activated edathamil-based tooth gel. Over the subsequent 4-years the patient’s periodontal status stabilized as manifested by no further loss of tooth supporting bone, a reduction in the percentage of periodontal pockets of 4-6 mm depth and a reduction in the percentage of sites exhibiting bleeding upon periodontal probing. The significance of this case report is to emphasize that, even in cases of severe generalized aggressive periodontitis, nonsurgical periodontal therapy can be effective. In addition, it appears that a novel tooth gel containing activated edathamil is effective at reducing gingival inflammation with a concomitant reduction in percent of sites that bleed on periodontal probing.
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A Review of the Production and Upgrading of Biofuel; Raw Materials, Processes and Products

The increase in the population of the planet and the rapid economic growth and, consequently, the high consumption of energy has created many environmental problems. Due to these reasons and the lack of renewability of these fossil fuels, there has been a steep trend towards the production of renewable fuels, one of which is the production of energy from biomass. In this study, biofuel production from biomass has been investigated using the pyrolysis method, a method that reduces the production of oil from millions of years to a few seconds, and is the most industrialized thermochemical method for producing fuel from biomass. This research focuses on thermochemical processes, pyrolysis principles, specifications, chemical composition and applications of biofuels, and the devices and equipment needed for it. This research is the A new approach for research and study on bio-refineries in the future.
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His Bundle Pacing: Short Review of Literature and Technical Aspects

History of pacing has evolved from the primitive state of temporary transvenous pacing by a large fixed machine to leadless modern technology. The pacing site has also been changed from traditional right ventricular apex to various other sites. The concept behind such experiment was due to several complications in the long term from traditional Right Ventricular Apical Pacing (RVAP). The His Bundle pacing results in conduction and contraction similar to and more often called physiological pacing. This mini-review describes the short history of the evolution of the concept of His Bundle pacing and its technical aspects of successful implantation.
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Reviewing Footrot in Sheep

Ovine footrot is the main cause of lameness in sheep around the world and is responsible for extensive economic and welfare impacts. It can be an extremely contagious disease, resulting from the invasion of the interdigital tissue by a complex mixture of bacteria, in which Dichelobacter nodosus is a required component. Strains of D. nodosus can be benign or virulent, but they are not always related with the clinical expression of footrot, complicating the diagnostic process. Several efforts have been made over recent decades to control the disease, but it remains endemic in the major sheep-raising countries of the world. The use of more efficient therapeutic procedures and better farm management practices or the development of new selective breeding tools and strategic vaccination protocols are some of the key measures that may improve footrot control in the future.
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Effect of Operator-Related Factors on Failure Rate of Orthodontic MiniImplants (OMIS) used as Temporary Anchorage Devices (TAD); Systematic Review

A search was performed through electronic databases; PubMed, EMBASE searched via ScienceDirect and Cochrane Library. Reference lists were limited to English papers ranging from 2012 to 2018. Eligibility criteria were defined by considering the (PICOS) question patients who received OMIs for orthodontic anchorage. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were performed independently by two authors.
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Is it Just Shoulder Pain or Insidious Foot Step of Parkinson’S Disease? A Minireview of the Literature

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic, disabling hypokinetic movement disorder with a broad spectrum of symptomatology including motor and non-motor complaints. Since non-motor symptoms of the disease such as musculoskeletal pain including shoulder pain is often underestimated, and is prone to occur during the course of the disease, as well as the prodromal phase of PD, it is important to keep in mind that shoulder pain may be a foot step of an evolving PD, and may need further investigation in terms of PD.
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A Systematic Review Caenorhabditis Elegans (C. Elegans) - A Host Model Organism to Study Drug-Induced Responses to the Effects of Stimulant and Depressant Drugs

Although there are many researches on drug of abuse behavior using C. elegans as model organism, the precise targets and mechanism shared by C. elegans accompanied with behavioral responses to substance misuse is still scarce. This alternative model for rodents and other animal organism has been used to investigate genetic mechanism and specific genes coding drug-induced behavioral response. However, there is very few papers reported to summarize and analyze findings from original researches to identify target/genes underpinning responses to drug addiction.
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Management of Bladder Catheter Knot in a Girl: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Urinary catheterisation is a common urologic practice performed in daily medical practice. Despite its safety, the procedure itself is not without complications. As a rare complication of bladder catheterisation, knotting of a urinary catheter is mostly reported in young male childre
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Editorial Board Members Related to review

Rosa Lelyana

Lecturer/Scientist/Nutritionist of Medicine Faculty
Diponegoro University
Indonesia

Giuseppe Lanza

Department of Neurology
University of Catania
Italy

Syed Zulkarnain Syed Idrus

Senior Lecturer
School of Human Development and Technocommunication
University Malaysia Perlis
Malaysia

HALEH SANGI-HAGHPEYKAR

Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Baylor College of Medicine
United States

SAN MING WANG

Associate Professor
Department of Genomics
University of Nebraska Medical Center
United States

Bodo-Eckehard Strauer

Professor
Department of Cardiology
University of Duesseldorf
Germany

Yanyan Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition Sciences
Montclair State University
United States

Guanghua Yan

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Florida
United States

Tamer El-Sayed Ali

Professor
Department of Oceanography
Alexandria University
Egypt

LI Liao

Associate Professor
Department of Computer & Information Sciences
University of Delaware
United States
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