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Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
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Small Cell Variant of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Presenting As Leukaemia: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma with a small cell pattern is a rare T-cell lymphoma. This condition is frequently seen in young patients and should be considered in patients presenting with leucocytosis and constitutional symptoms. We report a case of small cell variant (SCV) of ALCL in a 68 year old man diagnosed by ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC) and cytogenetic analysis. The limitations of using only morphology in diagnosing this rare variant, has also been emphasised.
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Pathology of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Multifactorial Disorder. Review of the Literature

A glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, which is vital to good vision and if not detected early eventually leads to irreversible blindness. Primary open-angle glaucoma the most common type of glaucoma which occurs due to an imbalance of the eye liquid drainage and production. Although, Primary open-angle glaucoma’s optic neuropathic nature which features retinal ganglionic cell loss representing the most prevalent form of glaucoma, its exact a etiology and pathogenesis are unknown.
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An Overview and Constraints of Pig Farming in Assam - A Review

Agriculture is the prime source of livelihood in the socioeconomically weaker section of the society and it provides livelihood security to more than 75% of the rural population in Assam. Majority of pigs are reared in traditional small scale alimentation system which act as a source of income, employment generation and livelihood security primly to the tribal population in the state.
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Clinicopathological and Prognostic Value of Plasmacytoid subtype in Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The World Health Organization, in 2004, published a new classification that recognizes different histological variants (HV) of urothelial carcinomas
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Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis in Twin Sisters after Ibuprofen Administration. New Insights in Pathogenesis and Literature Review

Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are closely-related, severe, acute life-threatening, drug-induced skin and mucosal disorders with a high mortality rate or long-term damages. These medical conditions are considered a delayed, typeIV hypersensitivity reaction and can be triggered by drugs, infections and malignancies.
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Suicidal Poisoning by Ingestion of Taxus Baccata Leaves: A Case Report with Review of the Literature

Taxus baccata is one of the most poisonous trees in the world. It contains taxanes and toxic alkaloids: the most dangerous one is the taxine. It is a fairly common plant in our environment and could be extremely dangerous; however, yew poisoning is quite rare. Cases may occur by voluntary or accidental ingestion. Therefore, the rapid orientation and diagnosis of suspected episode are important, in order to treat it quickly.
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A Review of Rice Tungro Virus in Nepal

Tungro disease is caused by Rice tungro bacilliform virus (RTBV) and Rice tungro spherical virus (RTSV) firstly reported from Philippines.
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Setting Threshold Value for Peripheral Blood Morphology Slide Review of Leucocytes and Lymphocytes at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Evaluation of peripheral blood morphology is an important screening tool for many diseases.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Intracranial Inflammatory Pseudotumor: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Inflammatory pseudotumors are lesions characterized by inflammatory cell infiltration and fibrosis. Central nervous system (CNS) inflammatory pseudotumors are much rarer, and generally manifest in the sellar and parasellar regions. We report a patient with an inflammatory pseudotumor in the temporal and occipital lobes treated in our department in 2017, and present a literature review. We discuss the etiology, imaging, pathology, and treatment of intracranial inflammatory pseudotumors.
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Oral Amelanotic Malignant Melanoma: A Review and a Case Report

Oral malignant melanoma is a rare poor prognosis tumor with the 5-year survival rate of <15% that may occur on maxilla and alveolar ridge. Melanoma divided in two forms of pigmented and non-pigmented.
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A Review of the Economist’s Approach to Pollution and Its Control

Pollution, being a social and environmental problem, has been a subject of inquiry by environmental economists. Environmental economists see pollution as an externality problem or a market failure, and have therefore investigated factors affecting pollution and its control.
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Review Work on Breeding Objectives and Practices of Small Holder Sheep Production in Ethiopia

This review is aimed to review breeding objectives and practices of small holder sheep production in Ethiopia.
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HIV-Associated Oral Kaposi Sarcoma: Case Report and Literature Review

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative polymorfic disorder that might be associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In this clinical form, oral manifestation is particularly common and, sometimes, the first manifestation of the retroviral infection. In those cases, KS diagnosis is fundamental as the treatment is based in HIV infection control through an advisable multidisciplinary approach.
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Editorial Board Members Related to review

Jane F Manakil

Professor
Department of Dentistry and Oral Health
Griffith University
Australia

SHAMSUN NAHAR

Professor
Department of Family & Community Medicine
King Khalid University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ashraf Youssef Nasr

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Pranav Mathur

Associate Scientist
Otonomy Inc.
USA

Sobhy Mohamed Gomaa

Professor of Organic Chemistry
Faculty of Science
Cairo University
Egypt

Tatjana Rundek

Professor
Miller School of Medicine
University of Miami
United States

Xiaoqing Guo

Division of Genetic and Molecular Toxicology
National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR)
USA

Lars Larsson

Professor
Department of Clinical Neurophysiology
Karolinska Institutet
Sweden

Yuchuan Ding

Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Wayne State University School of Medicine
United States

Lan-Szu Chou

Associate professor
Department of Bio-Agriculture Sciences
National Chiayi University
Taiwan
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