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Articles Related to rumen

Rumen Methanogens Community as Drivers of Methane Emission

Among the vast and diverse ruminal micro-biota, Archaea account up to 3-4% of the entire microbial population in rumen of ruminants. Methanobrevibacter gottschalkii, Methanobrevibacter thaueri, Methanobrevibacter smithii and Methanosphaera stadtmanae are common ruminal methanogens. Majority of archea are hydrogenotrophic over acetoclastic methanogen in rumen. Methanogens are endowed with co-enzymes that enable them to produce biogenic methane than other microbes. Biogenic methane produced from ruminants has a significant contribution to global warming. So this review enlightened the complete pictures of methanogens in ruminants and their relationships with other ruminal microbes. The study concluded that the methanogen composition remained variable among ruminant species and these dynamics emanated from animal factors, management and geographical variations.
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The development and validation of the Factors Affecting Adherence Scale in Greece

Despite hypertension is a major cardiovascular risk factor; only a few patients are adherent to therapy. Therefore, it is essential the acknowledgment of factors affecting adherence. The development and validation of a scale assessing factors affecting patients’ adherence to the therapeutic regimen.
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Serum Haptoglobin Responses following Rumenotomy in the Sahel Goat

Fifteen Sahel goats were randomly allocated into three groups A, B and C to evaluate Serum Haptoglobin (Hp) profiles following rumenotomy as markers of surgical stress using Quantitative ELISA.
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Characterization of Screen-Printed Nickel Oxide Electrodes for p-type Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Mesoporous NiO films obtained via screen-printing deposition of a newly formulated paste containing preformed NiO-nanospheres have been employed as nanostructured photocathodes of p-type dye-sensitized solar cells (p-DSCs).
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Scanning Electron Microscopic Evaluation of Debris and Smear Layer after Use of Revo-S and CMA Instruments in Straight Root Canals

Biomechanical preparation, disinfection and obturation all together constitute equally important phases of the endodontic treatment. Root canal treatment is based on cleaning, shaping and sealing the root canal system. Its main objectives are the elimination of residual pulp tissue, infected dentine and debris and the reduction of the number of microorganism from root canal system. Many nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments have been introduced in the last years.
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Assessment of Rumen Microbial Adaptation to Garlic Oil, Carvacrol and Thymol Using the Consecutive Batch Culture System

Although plant derivatives have shown promise in reducing enteric methane (CH4) emissions from ruminants in short-term studies, investigation on possible rumen microbial adaptation to these compounds is still limited. The objective of this study was to assess the possibility of mixed rumen microbial adaptation to antimethanogenic plant derivatives over relatively long-term in vitro incubation. Treatments were: garlic oil, carvacrol and thymol, each at a final concentration of 300 mg/l.
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Acute Type C Botulism with Fatal Consequences in a Holstein Breeding Establishment in Northern Italy

BOTULISM is a neuro-paralytic intoxication illness caused by the ingestion of neurotoxins of Clostridium botulinum with contaminated water or food. The Gram-positive spore-producing bacterium Cl. botulinum is found worldwide and can survive in spore form for up to 30 years in numerous substrates in the environment. Cl. botulinum is classified into 7 or 8 different types (A, B, C (C1, C2), D, E, F, G) depending on the antigen properties of the botulinum neurotoxins (BoNT) produced, with intoxication mostly appearing in cattle following the ingestion of neurotoxins of type C and D and, less frequently, of type B.
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Editorial Board Members Related to rumen

Leslie Glasser

Professor
Department of Chemistry
Curtin University
Australia

Hui-Fen Wu

Professor
Departmant of chemistry
National Sun Yat-Sen University
Taiwan

Davit Melkumyan

Head of Arson and Explosives expertises
Department of the National Bureau of Expertises
National Academy of Sciences(NAS)
Armenia

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France

Frank Portugal

Associate Professor
Department of Biology
The Catholic University of America
United States

Mahesh Goel MS

Associate Professor
Department of Surgical Oncology
Tata Memorial Hospital
India

SAYED M. HASSAN

Senior Research Scientist and Director
CAIS Lab. for Environmental Analysis
Center for Applied Isotope Studies
The University of Georgia
USA

Maretha Visser

Professor
Department of psychology
University of Pretoria
South Africa

Fabrizio Russo

MD
Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Bio-Medico University
Italy

JOHN B. SAMPSON

Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States
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