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Articles Related to shock

Novel Evidences of Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy for Spasticity

Spasticity is defined as ‘a disorder of sensorimotor control, resulting from an upper motor neuron (UMN) lesion, presenting as intermittent or sustained involuntary activation of muscles’. It is characterized by increased involuntary velocity-dependent tonic stretch reflexes (muscle tone) with exaggerated tendon jerks, resulting from hyper-excitability of the stretch reflex. In the recent years,a range of non-pharmacological interventions has been used to manage spasticity. Among the novel of all therapies, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is attractive for many researchers since the noninvasive, easy application after well training and afety property. Moreover, the evidences of regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues made ESWT more interesting than other novel therapies.This article will show the evidences, practical clinical use and precaution to guide treating for the clinicians in the novel therapy of ESWT for spasticity. The review of the scientific evidences including methodology components and main results of ESWT treatment on upper limb and lower limb muscles affected by post-stroke spasticity are demonstrated. However, reducing spasticity alone without addressing the negative components of the upper motor neuron syndrome will limit meaningful recovery. A combination of rehabilitation techniques is needed to facilitate functional improvements.
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Potential of Producing Hydrogen Gas from Straw by Anaerobic Thermal Shocked Biological Sludge to Create Clean Energy

Hydrogen gas has been used widely in the industrial aspect, especially as clean energy. On one hand, it reduces the dependency on fossil fuels; on the other hand, it solves the environmental polluting issue and also reduces the greenhouse gases emitted to the environment. Producing hydrogen by chemical and physical methods require higher fee and investment. Producing hydrogen from renewable biomass, especially agricultural waste such as straws, can produce with low cost and decrease the amount of agricultural waste and pollutions. This article introduces the result of the beginning research to produce hydrogen gas from straw using biotechnology.
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Septic Shock Secondary to Salmonella Enterica Ssp. Arizonae in an Immunocompetent Albanian Male

Salmonella-associated diarrhea is a common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis. Some species of salmonella are associated with invasive diseases like meningitis, endocarditis and septicemia.
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Giant Mesenteric Cyst - Cause of Abdominal Distension Managed with Laparotomy- A Case Report

This case report describes the diagnosis and management of a large mesenteric cyst in a 55 year old lady who presented with abdominal distension & with mass in the left upper quadrant. Mesenteric cysts are rare, benign, abdominal tumors to which <1000 cases have been reported in the literature.
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Therapeutic Hypothermia Still Effective in Prevention of Anoxic Encephalopathy following Extended Period of Pulselessness during Cardiac Arrest

There are approximately 300,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests per year with less than 10% of those surviving. More than half of survivors suffer permanent neurologic deficits. Therapeutic hypothermia has proven effective at thwarting neurologic damage occurring in the 16-hour window following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Despite recommendations by the American Heart Association (AHA), many cardiologists have been slow to implement therapeutic hypothermia. While many trials have discussed the relevance of initial rhythm and delay of cooling, there has been limited discussion of the efficacy of therapeutic hypothermia in the presence of extended pulselessness.
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Editorial Board Members Related to shock

AYMAN ELTAIRY MAHMOUD MAHDY

Associate Professor
Division of Urology
University of Cincinnati
United States

KONSTANTINOS PAPAMICHAEL

Gastroenterologist
Medical School
University of Athens
Greece

Khaldon Bodoor

Associate Professor
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

Yoshiya Toyoda

Professor
Cardiothoracic Surgery
Temple University School of Medicine
United States
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