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Articles Related to surgery

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Progression and Quality of Life. Correlation between SSS-IoT Risk Scale Score and the Main Factors Determining the Disease Potential Progression

It has been identified several factors that can determine the severity and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The natural evolution of this disease has been extensively studied in different populations. However, no practical tool encompasses the main factors determining this disease’s potential progression.
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Risk Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Literature Review and Scale Proposal

To identify the main risk factors for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and to create a tool or classification that helps to identify patients with greater potential for the development of serious scoliosis.
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CNS Gliosis not Neoplasia in Kabuki Syndrome: A Case Report of a Brain ‘Tumor

An eight-year-old boy with Kabuki Syndrome (KS) and an enlarging CNS mass is presented. The ‘tumor’ was discovered incidentally during MR imaging for a behavioral disorder and was located within the left globus pallidus. Retrospective review of previous MRIs showed no abnormality in the basal ganglia seven years earlier but a small region (a few pixels) of increased in T2 signal intensity three years earlier.
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Functional Outcomes of Stapes Surgery with Titanium and Teflon Prosthesis: Randomized Controlled Trial

Prosthesis material and design is thought to have a role in effective sound transmission, rate of complications and success of stapes surgery. Titanium has been shown to be a promising material in this regard. We compared the intra-operative events, complication rate and the hearing outcomes results of stapes surgery using titanium versus fluoroplastic piston prosthesis.
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Narrative Review of Challenges and Considerations in Resuming Elective Gynaecology Surgery in Climate of Continuing Community Transmission of Covid-19 in a Low Resource Setting

The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic in March 2020 and since then COVID-19 infection has been reported in all parts of the world. Several Healthcare systems reduced or canceled none emergency or urgent surgeries to effectively manage the pandemic. Recently, the reported incidence of new cases of COVID-19 has reduced in some regions and some Healthcare systems are resuming elective gynecologic surgery. This narrative review explores the challenges of planning and resuming elective gynecologic surgery in a climate of continuing community transmission.
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Comparison of Outcomes Following Revisional Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

The number of bariatric procedures being performed worldwide has increased markedly over the past two decades and this has led to revisional bariatric surgery being increasingly performed.
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Immediate Mandibular Reconstruction with Vascularized Iliac Crest Flap Following Wide Ameloblastoma Resection: Two Case Reports

Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumor, comprising 1% of all tumors and cysts of the jaws. A lot of the patients are asymptomatic and most cases are diagnosed when the swelling is already evident. It is a locally aggressive tumor with a high recurrence rate when conservative surgical treatment is applied (up to 80%). That is why current treatment consists of wide resection of the lesion with safety margins of healthy bone beyond radiographic limits.
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After Brain Tumor Surgery: Catheter-Related Bacteremia of Chryseobacterium indologenes Development in Central Nervous System of An Infancy. A Case Report

40-day male infant has admitted to the hospital by family. He has a complaint including lack of suction, vomiting, decreased of movements and continuous sleep about a week of ongoing. Brain computed tomography recognized a mass (with hyperdense hemorrhage) in the posterior fossa and right cerebellar hemisphere.
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Management of Needle Breakage Following Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block: Case Report

A needle breakage is a rare complication of an inferior alveolar nerve block, but it should represent an awkward experience both for the patient and the dentist. A broken needle in the pterygo mandibular region would be hard to remove and it may also have important medico-legal considerations. This is the case report of a 32-years old man, referred by his own dentist to the Maxillo-Facial department, after the needle broke during the routine administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block for a dental procedure. In this paper, authors present the successful removal of the fractured needle from the right pterygomandibular region under general anesthesia administration.
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Isolated In-Situ Axial Hepatic Mal-Rotations: Implication on Laparoscopic; Surgical Anatomy and Practice

Three dimensional anatomy and congenital anomalies are crucial determining the trocar positions and the optimal site view for any laparoscopic procedure. Such critical issue mandates preoperative diagnosis of topographic anatomical variations. Clinical reporting on congenital foregut anomalies does not include yet variation in liver rotation. This research is documenting such unrevealed anomaly and stressing on its implication in the field of contemporary laparoscopic surgery.
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Forearm Recurrent Pilomatrixoma

Pilomatrixoma is a rare benign skin tumor originating from the matrix of hair follicle cells. Pilomatrixoma is also known as, Malharbe’s calcific epithelium or pilotircoma [1]. Pilomatrixoma generally has benign characteristic properties.
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Recurrent Mucinous Ovarian Neoplasms: Rationale and Results of a New Treatment Plan in Four Patients

Recurrence of a mucinous ovarian neoplasm after resection is unusual but this does happen. If possible, a repeat surgical removal of recurrent disease is the treatment of choice. The results of a repeat intervention are poor. A review of our results of treatment of recurrent mucinous ovarian neoplasms was performed.
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Synchronous Papillary Carcinoma in Thyroglossal Duct Cyst and Thyroid Gland Associated to Untreated Midline Cervical Cleft: A Case Report

Thyroglossal duct cyst is the most common anomaly in thyroid development. Majority is benign, but 1% may be malignant. Papillary carcinoma is the most frequent thyroid cancer. The synchronous occurrence of thyroglossal duct cyst and thyroid carcinoma is rare and the association with another congenital malformation is extremely rarer. A 41-year-old woman was referred to our department with complaints of a midline cervical abnormality. Clinico-radiological evaluation suggested a thyroglossal duct cyst with non-palpable nodules of thyroid gland and a midline cleft with fibrous cord. Sistrunk’s procedure along with a total thyroidectomy associated to an excision and Z-plasty closure of this congenital cervical cleft were performed, followed by post-operative radioiodine ablation.
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Enteric Duplication Cyst in Infant: Case Report and Literature Review

Congenital malformations can go unnoticed and have an impact on morbidity and mortality in early stages of life being a cause of infant death in some countries [1]. Malformations of the gastrointestinal tract occupy the second place among congenital abnormalities [2]. Along with them, the enteric duplication cyst is an infrequent anomaly difficult to diagnose specially for a non-specialist physician that is not use to attend this kind of pathologies or in hospitals where patients with this entities are infrequent. We present the case of a 5-month-old patient who underwent intestinal resection due to enteric duplication cyst.
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Impact of Myocardial Revascularization on the Range of Joint Motion of the Superior and Inferior Members

The surgical procedure for myocardial revascularization (MRI) may compromise chest stability, compliance and range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joint due to sternotomy and knee joint due to saphenectomy.To evaluate the impact of myocardial revascularization surgery on upper and lower limb ROM
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Editorial Board Members Related to surgery

Bulang Gao

Professor
Department of Medical Research
Hebei Medical University
China

AMR MOHAMED AHMED BAYOUMI

Professor
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Faculty of Dentistry
King Abdulaziz University
Saudi Arabia

Qifeng Yang

Professor
Department of Breast Surgery
Director, Pathology Tissue Bank
Qilu Hospital, Shandong University
China

M. BRIGID HOLLORAN-SCHWARTZ

Professor
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women’s Health
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
United States

Alfio Ferlito

Professor
Department of Otolaryngology
University of Udine School of Medicine
Italy

Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar

Assistant Professor
Department of otorhinolaryngology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Inbo Han

Associate professor
Department of Neurosurgery
CHA University
South Korea

Zubair M Ahmed

Associate Professor
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery
School of Medicine
University of Maryland
United States

Saadeh Suleiman

Professor
Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry
University of Bristol
United Kingdom

Ayman Abdel-Aziz Swelum

Department of Animal Production
College of Food and Agriculture Sciences
King Saud University
Saudi Arabia
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