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Articles Related to therapies

Equines as Tools Vs Partners: A Critical Look at the Uses and Beliefs Surrounding Horses in Equine Therapies and Argument for Mechanical Horses

Horses have their own unique status as therapy animals due to their function in both physical and psychotherapies. Current models of Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT) utilize horses for a range of physical, psychological and learning therapies to benefit humans, often referring to horses as therapeutic “partners”. To fulfill certification requirements for existing models of EAAT, practitioners are required to study equine behavior through the belief systems currently modeled in the natural horsemanship community. Despite requiring knowledge in horse behavior, studies and anecdotal evidence suggests that horses used in EAAT commonly display confusion or escape behaviors, “burn out” and/or display signs of depression. These behaviors could be a result of contradictions in the interpretation of equine behavior within the natural horsemanship practices or a lack of understanding and utilization of equine learning theory within the context of EAAT.
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Potentials, Limitations and Future Directions of MR Contrast Media in Ablation Therapies

ImagingIntroductionMR contrast media have become an indispensable part of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, but their roles in ablation therapies are still controversial. The interactions between physical/biological properties of MR contrast media (Longitudinal=T1, transverse=T2 and susceptibility=T2* relaxation times) and diseased tissues (perfusion, edema, hemorrhage and coagulative necrosis) play important roles in differentiating pathologic and ablated tissues.
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Perspectives and Potential Applications of Ruthenium-Based Nanocarriers for Cancer Therapy

Cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease characterised by continuous uncontrolled growth and expansion of abnormal cells. In general, in tumor cells the signalling pathways regulating cellular processes, as cell growth and division and cell to cellcommunication result strongly altered.
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Editorial Board Members Related to therapies

Nils Ole Schmidt

Department of Neurosurgery
University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf

Zubair M Ahmed

Associate Professor
Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery
School of Medicine
University of Maryland
United States

Roy G Beran

Department of Neurology
University of New South Wales

Suling Liu

School of Life Sciences
University of Science & Technology

Qingzhong Kong

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Ali Nsair

Assistant Professor
Division of Cardiology
David Geffen School of Medicine
United States

John A. St. Cyr

Medical-Surgical Consultant
Physiological Research Laboratories/Medtronic Inc USA

Jianxun Song

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Pennsylvania State University
United States

Zhiyuan Li

Laboratory of Ion Channels Research
Guangzhou Institute of Biomedicine and Health
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Martin Michaelis

Professor of Molecular Medicine
Centre for Molecular Processing and School of Biosciences
University of Kent
United Kingdom
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