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Articles Related to trauma

Case Report: Severe Sequelae of Sleep Disorders

We report 2 cases of severe injuries in patients with sleep disorders. The first patient sustained multiple orthopedic traumas as sequelae of REM sleep behavior disorders (RBD). The second patient sustained a severe TBI as a result of restless legs syndrome (RLS). To our knowledge, there are only 2 reported cases of severe orthopedic traumas (cervical spine fractures) as a result of RBD and no reported cases of severe TBI from RLS.
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Unexpected Improvement of Chronic Neurological Disease after Recovery from COVID-19 Infection in Four Patients

During the COVID-19 pandemic, physicians actively searched for adverse neurological complications or coagulopathyrelated strokes, but no protective effects were yet reported. We hereby describe our observations at a Geriatrics / Neurology facility on a range of neurological disorders encountered among COVID-19 patients followed for disabling neurological disease (degenerative or post traumatic dementia). We observed a very significant clinical improvement in 4 patients aged 43 to 78, who were in nursing skills home or at home and followed up for a disabling neurological disease for 2 to 5 years. They were affected by COVID-19 between March and October 2020.
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Spontaneous Secondary Colporrhexis Following Vaginal Delivery in Woman with Previous Caesarean Section

: Colporrhexis is separation of vaginal fornix from cervix and is a rare but serious cause of major obstetric haemorrhage in women during labor. Immediate clinical diagnosis is difficult but must be anticipated if haemorrhage continues despite contracted uterus following delivery. Rapid resuscitation and decision of laparotomy with either repair or hysterectomy is key in preventing maternal mortality.
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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Improves Cognition in Patients Severe TBI; A Prospective Study

Cognitive impairment post TBI is an important factor in rehabilitation outcomes. Pharmacological and therapeutic services do not directly address damage to the cortical infrastructure. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is known to improve brain function and healing.
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Study of Microalbuminuria and its Correlation to Prognosis in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury: A Longitudinal Study at Level 1 Trauma Centre

Microalbuminuria reflects rapid changes in glomerular permeability and is associated with systemic capillary permeability.
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Blunt Abdominal Aortic Injury and Multiple Traumatic Abdominal Wall Hernias: A case of Rare Concomitant Injuries

Blunt force trauma resulting in a combination of serious injuries is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. We present a successfully managed case of blunt force trauma from a motor vehicular collision resulting in concomitant blunt abdominal aortic injury (BAAI) and multiple traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWH) that required emergency surgery.
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A Traumatic Context Can Hide a Sexual Rape

Aeric syndrome during a multiple trauma reflects the severity of this latter, which made mention to extra thoracic or intra thoracic lesion. This requires a good diagnostic and therapeutic strategy. We report the case of a young patient admitted to emergency in an array of closed multiple traumas where the etiological diagnosis was rare and unknown. This case highlights that a careful questioning and a good examination in admission can reveal earlier the diagnosis, the thing that was not well led in our case, because the patient was mute, anxious, and not cooperating making unnoticed rape history.
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Management of Traumatic Dental Injuries Presenting to the Emergency Department

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Two Approaches in the Cosmetic Reabilitation of Patients with Post-Traumatic Subatrophy of the Eyeball

To define groups of patients who may hold prosthetics subatrophic eyes and removes the eye with subsequent prosthetics. Under observation from 2010-2017 was 152 patients with posttraumatic subatrophy (the average age is 46.1 years), divided into 2 groups: 1-102(67,1%) patient who underwent enucleation with the for-mation of the locomotor stump - 56 (55,0%), evisceration - 46 (45,0%); and group 2 - 50 (32.9%) and patients who have had prosthetic subatrophic eyes.
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Use of Cranial Computed Tomography in Minor Head Trauma Cases Under Two Years of Age

Patients under two years of age who were admitted Emergency Department (ED) within three months due to MHT and who underwent cranial CT scan were included in the study. Trauma mechanisms, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, symptoms (crying/unrest, vomiting, to refuse eating, drowsiness, loss of consciousness) and clinical signs (hyperemia/ecchymosis, abrasion, skin laceration, cephalohematoma, fontanel bulging) were retrospectively screened.
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Complex Assessment of Combat Neurotrauma

This study explores the patterns of twelve male OIF-OEF combat veterans with the Tactual Performance Test (TPT) in cases of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or with PTSD only. 6 were dual diagnosed with PTSD+mTBI and 6 with PTSD-o. Last deployment ranged from 10 to 3.5 years.
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Ultrasound as a New Imaging Tool to Assess Pathological Change of Joints in Preclinical Mouse Models of Osteoarthritis

Murine osteoarthritis (OA) models are important for exploring OA pathology and treatment in the pre-clinical study. Longitudinal in vivo imaging modalities, including X-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, are commonly used diagnostic tools in OA clinic, while end-point histomorphometry analysis is the major outcome measurement in the pre-clinical study because clinical imaging modalities have limited resolution for small animals.
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Hyperkinetic Manifestation in a Patient with Hippocampal Atrophy

Describes a case of a patient that presents with hippocampal atrophy leading to hyperkinetic crises of parietal-occipital origin
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Cervical Ballistic Traumatism: A Case Report

The adequate care of cervical ballistic traumatisms implies a good preliminary knowledge of wounding agents, and of the principles governing lesion-based ballistic, in particular the role played by the meeting with an obstacle which modifies the ballistic behavior of the projectile, with worsened wounding effects. Authors describe the principal types of involved projectiles and their wound profile applied, while stressing the need to treat systematically the wound and not the weapon, and on the importance of the choice of the surgical exploration way of these lesions, which conditions, as from the initial stage, the later choices of the closure and rebuilding methods.
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Editorial Board Members Related to trauma

Ronn Johnson

Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry
Creighton University Medical School
United States

GEORGE K. PARASKEVAS

Associate Professor
Department of Anatomy
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Greece

Mohd Shahbaaz khan

Assistant Consultant Cardiac Surgeon
King Salman Heart Centre
King Fahad Medical City
Riyadh, kindom of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia

Rostislav Kostadinov

Associate Professor
Disaster Medicine
Medical University Plovdiv
Bulgaria

Ye Ye

Hip Injury and Disease Center
Henan Provincial Luoyang Orthopedic Hospital
China

Cecilia Young

Consultant Physician Pharmacist People Health Magazine
Hong Kong

Vikram Khanna

Orthopedic Surgeon
Ranjana Hospital
Allahabad

Anthony Wai-Leung Kwok

Department of Physiotherapy
Tung Wah College
Hong Kong

William J Winslade

Professor
Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health
The University of Texas Medical Branch
United States

Sangeeta Singg

Professor of Psychology
Angelo State University
United States
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