Articles Related to viral meningitis
Infectious meningitis is caused by infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other agents. The viruses can cause a higher incidence of meningitis than that of bacteria and other infectious agents but the infection is usually less severe than others. Among the viruses, enteroviruses are reported to be the most common particularly in the developed countries.
Enteroviruses are responsible for causing several recent well-publicized outbreaks in the United States, including gastrointestinal and upper respiratory infections. Enteroviruses are also capable of infecting the central nervous system, leading to manifestations of meningitis and encephalitis. Because enteroviruses are often overlooked as the etiology of CNS infections, we explore data from national surveillance, typical presentation and diagnostic information, as well as patterns of infection and transmission in an effort to remind practitioners to be mindful of this frequent cause of infection and its propensity to be spread from person to person.