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Sugarcane Agro-Industrial Health and Safety with Particular Focus on Sudan: A Systematic Literature Review

Sugarcane is a vital cash crop grown in about 200 tropical and sub-tropical countries around the world. Due to its high rates of occupational diseases, accidents, and fatalities the agro industry is regarded as one of the most hazardous industries despite being one of the essential sectors globally regarding food supply and workforce. Most of the world's cane sugar crop is produced In Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC), such as Sudan, where agriculture and farming are still the main sources of income and managing occupational health and safety is challenging
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Effects of High-Intensity Circuit Training on Body Composition and Selected Cardiovascular Parameters in Overweight and Obese Children Aged 9-12

The problem of excess body weight is becoming an epidemic in the general population, especially among children aged to 12 years old. Efforts are being made to find a way to retreat the unfavorable changes related with obesity. This problem is escalating, and the direction of effective protective actions is not sufficiently recognized. The research presented in this study demonstrate the range of changes in overweight and obese children after an 8 weeks of circuit training program, with simultaneous parental education on modifying their children dietary habits
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A Review of the Effects of Intensive Poultry Production on the Environment and Human Health

Poultry farming is widely recognized as a highly efficient technique of animal husbandry, contributing significantly to the nutritional security of a substantial portion of the global population. The application of contemporary intensive farming methods has facilitated a notable increase in global production, which has reached a substantial quantity of 137.8 million tons in the year 2021. This upward trajectory has been consistently observed over successive years. However, these aggressive growth tactics result in a substantial environmental impact. The appropriate management of waste items, such as poultry litter and manure, is crucial due to their potential to significantly impact both environmental and human health. The emissions of ammonia, nitrous oxide, and methane are associated with poultry production and the disposal of its waste by-products. These emissions have significant implications for global greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the well-being of both animals and humans
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Socio-Economic and Health Status of Rag Pickers in the Dump Site of Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia

A cross sectional survey on socio economic and health status among randomly selected rag pickers in the dump site of Mekelle city was done during 2020. The study showed that all rag pickers were 19 to 25 years old males; 60% of them were educated up to secondary level
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Perspectives of Artificial Intelligence in Veterinary Medicine of Small Species

Alan Turing and John McCarthy (1950-1955) coined the concept of artificial intelligence (AI) 70 years ago. Today AI is a reality for some areas of medicine, both human and veterinary, and other technological areas. Materializing into a transformative force within the new human, animal and ecological reality of preservation and sustainable development.
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The Challenge of Rapid Data Collection and Health Promotion: A Quick and Easy Approach

Rapid data collection can provide an insight into causation, the socio-cultural reality, and complex social processes. This is especially important in disease outbreaks when information is quickly required on local needs that is essential for success. Quantitative data alone are not sufficient to provide an in-depth understanding. The challenge is to use a rapid data collection approach that can provide practical solutions by integrating the available evidence, professional expertise, and stakeholder experiences. This viewpoint reflects the opinions of the author that highlight the strengths and weaknesses of rapid data collection and the presentation of an approach that can be implemented with minimal interference in a health promotion and healthcare program context
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Bioequivalence Studies of Two Formulations of Rivaroxaban 10 Mg Coated Tablets under Fasting Conditions and 20 Mg Coated Tablets Under Fed and Fast Conditions And its Pharmacokinetic Comparison In Healthy Subjects

Justificative: This trial was conducted in order to register a new generic product of Rivaroxaban. Objective: To evaluate the bioequivalence of rivaroxaban formulations manufactured by Eurofarma Laboratórios S/A and the reference drug, Xarelto (Bayer) under fasting and fed conditions. Methods: Three randomized, open label, balanced, 2 treatments, 4 periods, 2 sequences, single dose, full replicate, crossover studies in 48 healthy adult human subjects under fed and fasting conditions for rivaroxaban 10 mg and 20 mg. Rivaroxaban concentrations in plasma were determined using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.
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Awareness towards Dental and Oral Health among Parents of Children Undergoing Anti-Cancer Treatment

The study aimed to assess the attitudes toward dental and oral health of parents of children receiving anti-cancer treatment. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was based on a convenience sample of parents of 50 pediatric patients who were receiving anti-cancer treatment (study group) and 62 parents of healthy children (control group). Questionnaires were distributed to assess awareness towards oral and dental care.
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Effect of Pesticides on Human Health

The demand for pesticides has increased in today's world of expanding population in order to boost crop productivity and eliminate undesirable plants (weeds) that grow alongside the primary crop.
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Advanced Oxidation Plasma Air Purification to Mitigate Hospital and Restroom Odor Issues

Background: The smell in a hospital is an amalgam of smells, emanating from varied sources. But primarily the smell is from the strong cleaning agents used in corridors, including phenyl and bleaching powder, etc. Chemicals that trigger odors may cause health effects. A strong urine odor is also responsible for foul smells in hospitals and other public facilities. Strong odors may cause some people to feel a burning sensation, leading to coughing, wheezing, or other breathing problems.
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Bioequivalence Study of Two 80 Mg Valsartan Tablets Formulations in Healthy Chinese Subjects Under Fasting and Fed Condition

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the bioavalability between the two 80 mg Valsartan Tablets formulations and to evaluate the bioequivalence of Reference and Test formulations of Valsartan Tablets 80 mg in Healthy adult chinese Male and Female subjects under Fasting and Fed condition.
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Genetic Relatedness and Characterization of O25b-B2-ST131, in Stool Isolates of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin-Resistant Escherichia Coli Strains in Healthy Children under 10 Years of Age

Background and Purpose: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the multidrug-resistant pathogens, producing extendedspectrum beta-lactamase enzymes. Molecular typing of this pathogen can be useful for determining the source of dissemination and transfer of resistance and virulence genes of these isolates. Considering the significance of infection in children, in this study, we examined the stool flora of children (<10 years) to show the characteristics and clonal relationship of the isolates.
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Telemedicine: the future of Humanitarian health sector

During the last three decades innovation in technology and medical care across borders had led to the current understanding that exponential adopting of new technologies in low- or middle-income countries can improve, if not solve, long standing health humanitarian problems.
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The Role of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the Treatment of Insomnia

Insomnia is a frequent condition that can be acute, intermittent, or chronic. It is an unpleasant feeling that makes it difficult to fall asleep. The main aim of the review is to determine the adverse effects of Insomnia drugs and the need to opt for Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) approach as an adjuvant in treating Insomnia condition with lesser- known side effects. The Methodology involved a detailed literature survey which was performed through an online database, such as Science Direct, Google Scholar, Scopus, Cochrane, and PubMed. The study included original research and book chapters conducted on relation with Insomnia in particular with various therapies used currently and aimed to find possible alternative source which will be effective in treatment as well as with less burden of side effects
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Percutaneous Pigtail Catheters for Management of Neonatal Pneumothorax: A Better Alternative to Chest Tube Thoracostomy

Background: Pneumothorax is potentially a life-threatening condition in neonates with little compensatory pulmonary reserve. Hemodynamically significant pneumothorax requires drainage with large-bore chest tubes, and more recently with small-calibre percutaneous pigtail catheters. This study aims to explicate the effectiveness and safety of both the drainage systems exploring ease of insertion, rates of air-leak resolution, recurrence rates as well as potential procedural complications. Methods: This was a retrospective observational audit reviewing medical records of newborns with symptomatic pneumothorax admitted to tertiary neonatal intensive care unit over 4-year duration, and treated with either chest tube or pigtail catheters as the initial treatment approach. Demographic data, details related to pneumothorax, drain related parameters as well as outcome and efficacy parameters were compared among these two methods of intervention. Results: Out of 51 drainage procedures, 27 infants underwent pigtail insertion compared to 24 infants requiring chest tube thoracostomy. Baseline demographic data, time for radiological clearance and resolution of air leak, duration of drain in-situ, recurrence and complication rate, as well as hospitalisation duration were comparable among the two groups. Group of infants who underwent pigtail insertion required significantly less sedation (51.9% vs 83.3%; p=0.021) and invasive ventilation (63% vs 95.8%; p=0.011) than chest tube insertion. Significantly smaller calibre (8.22±1.6Fr vs 9.08±1.44Fr; p<0.05) catheter was required for pneumothorax drainage with pigtail catheter whose insertion was reported to be more operator friendly
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Editorial Board Members Related to ALT

Mehmet SOY

Professor
Department of Rheumatology and Internal Medicine
Altinbas University, Bahceievler Medical Park Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey

Andrey Budanov

Assistant Professor
Department of Human and Molecular Genetics
Massey Cancer Center
United States

ELENA A. USACHEVA

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
United States

ALAA EL-DEEN BAKRY YASSIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

Jie Zheng

Assistant Professor
Bioinformatics Research Centre
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

J. Philip Boudreaux

Professor
Department of Surgery
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
United States

Ana Cristina Lindsay

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition
University of Massachusetts Boston
United States

Pranav Mathur

Associate Scientist
Otonomy Inc.
USA

Shirley Mcilvenny

Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition
National Institute of Integrative Medicine
Australia

Manouchehr Mokhtari

Associate Professor
School of Public Health
University of Maryland
United States
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