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Articles Related to Anthropometry

Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Wasting Among Under-Five-Aged Children in North Gondar Zone, Northern Ethiopia

Undernutrition is a leading cause of disease susceptibility, morbidity, and mortality in children. It is manifested in the form of stunting and wasting. Wasting is an acute form of undernutrition that indicates a recent food shortage and/or infectious diseases that lead to rapid and severe weight loss. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stunting and wasting among under-five-aged children of displaced families in the North Gondar Zone. A cross-sectional study design was conducted from January to March 2022 among the under-five-aged children of the displaced family. A total of 205 randomly selected under-five-aged children from the displaced families were included in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, and the instrument was adopted from a previous study. Anthropometric measurements were carried out to determine the status of stunting and wasting. A bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to find the factors associated with stunting and wasting. The prevalence of stunting and wasting among under-five-aged children was 26.2% and 18.7%, respectively. Out of the risk factors considered in the present study, age (AOR = 3.54; 95% CI: 0.2–3.54), family monthly income (AOR = 3.6; 95% CI: 1.3–7.5), eating only two meals per day (AOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.0–6.2), and not eating farm animal products (AOR = 2.2; 95% CI: 0.5–1.61) were important risk factors associated with stunting. In the other way, age, family monthly income, and eating only two meals per day were significant predictors of wasting. The result showed that the prevalence is severe in the study area. Therefore, the government should work on children under two years of age, take action to solve the nutritional issues, and encourage families with low monthly incomes to eat animal products at least once a week and nutritious food at least three times a day
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A Web-Based Nutrition Education Study in Alabama Black-Belt Counties During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Overweight and obesity continue to be health-related issues in Alabama Black-Belt Counties with rates ranging from 35 to 48%. We aimed to determine the impact of a web-based nutrition education and physical activity intervention on participants’ health in Alabama Black Belt counties during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrition education was delivered to participants through a zoom online platform for 12 weeks. Participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices as well as changes in nutrition knowledge, anthropometry, and blood pressure were determined through online surveys. Of the participants, (100%) indicated that overweight and obesity are a result of unhealthy lifestyles, whereas 90.7% reported that obesity increased the risk of high blood pressure (90.7%), diabetes (86.04%), and heart disease (90.7%). Results showed that participants’ income was a significant determinant of their perception for the role of schools in fighting obesity (χ2=0.04). Similarly, data revealed that the age of participants was a significant factor for: their desire to learn more about obesity (χ2=0.04), perception of their knowledge of overweight and obesity compared to the average person (χ2=0.01), and the perception that they had an excellent knowledge of overweight and obesity (χ2=0.05). There were significant improvements in knowledge scores. Results showed a significant decline in waist circumference (p<0.001) and hip circumference (p<0.02); 60% of the participants showed a decline in bodyweight; 43% lost more than 1-5kg, while 9.8% maintained their baseline weight. Web-based virtual interactions may effectively substitute or complement face-face nutrition education and lead to a reduction of overweight and obesity in Alabama Black-Belt counties.
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Stature Prediction from Anthropometry of Extremities among Jordanians

Stature of an individual has an important role in identification, which is often required in medico-legal practice. The estimation of stature is an important step in the identification of dismembered remains or when only a part of a skeleton is only available as in major disasters or with mutilation. There is no published data on anthropological data among Jordanian population. The present study was designed in order to find out relationship of stature to some anthropometric measures among a sample of Jordanian population and to determine the most accurate and reliable one in predicting the stature of an individual.
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The Effects of the Special K Challenge on Body Composition and Biomarkers of Metabolic Health in Healthy Adults

The Special K Challenge is a short term (14 day) partial meal replacement diet designed to reduce body mass and motivate long term reduction in body mass.
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Assessment of Cephalic and Facial Indices: A proof for Ethnic and Sexual Dimorphism

Cephalofacial measurements and indices are used to estimate sex and race. The aim of this is to document the craniofacial characteristics and sex differences from cephalic index and facial index of the studied groups.
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Body Mass Index, Quality of Life and Migraine in Students

Migraine is reported globally with a higher prevalence in students. The present study aims to evaluate the association between nutritional status, quality of life (QL) and characteristics of migraine. A cross-sectional study. Headache characteristics, level of disability caused by migraine crises (Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment - PedMIDAS) and QL (Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory- PedsQL) were assessed. Anthropometric variables were also measured.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Anthropometry

KEWAL KRISHAN

Assistant Professor
Department of Anthropology
Panjab University
India

Altayeb Ahmed

Associate Professor
Department of Basic Medical Sciences
King Saudi Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia
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