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Articles Related to CA

Ethnobotanical Knowledge of Rabbit Breeder’s Community for Treating Livestock Diseases in Benin

The study aims to inventory the medicinal plants used in feeding, health and reproduction of rabbits. The surveys were carried out at 248 rabbit’s breeders in southern Benin. The identification of frequent species has been carried out. The ethnobotanical data were analyzed using various quantitative indices calculated for each of the medicinal plants recorded such as relative frequency of citations (RFC), informant consensus factor (ICF), relative importance index (RII), use value (UV), family importance value index (FIV), and level of fidelity (FL).
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A Rare Case: Pylor Stenosis with Anal Atresia and Vesicoureteral Reflux

In newborns, vomiting is a very frequent find. Especially in a newborn who has undergone major surgery, postoperative vomiting is a common occurrence. In our study, we aimed to present a newborn who was operated on first for anorectal malformation (ARM) and then for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and diagnosed with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) upon persistent vomiting
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Formulation and In-vitro Characterization of Fluoxetine Hydrochloride Loaded Fast Dissolving Oral Film Using HPMC 15CPS and HPMC K4M

Fluoxetine Hydrochloride (FH), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) is a drug of choice in depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), bulimia nervosa, etc. Though tablet, capsules, oral solution, or syrup are currently available conventional dosage form of FH, modified or immediate-release formulations for fast onset of action is of utmost importance.
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A Case of Frosted-Branch Angiitis Associated with Poststreptococcal Uveitis Syndrome

The case was a 7-year-old girl who had complained of bilateral blurry vision for 1 week. Five weeks earlier, she suffered from a flu-like episode with fever, sore throat, and skin rash, and received an irregular dose of oral amoxicillin for 4 days after a diagnosis of scarlet fever. Our clinical examination revealed bilateral panuveitis with frosted-branch angiitis.
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Optimizing Outcomes with Multifocal Intraocular Lenses

Current present-day cataract surgery evolves from a visual restoration to a refractive approach. Greater independence from glasses and improvement of the quality of life were provided after surgery with the appearance of multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOLs). Since its creation in the 1980s, MFIOLs has undergone various technical improvements, including trifocal implants and implants with extended depth of vision. Excellent results were achieved thorough preoperative check, including the visual needs of the patients and the inherent eye anatomy. This analysis offers a broad overview of the various types of Mf-IOLs and rules for optimizing results through full preoperative screening and treatment postoperatively complications.
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Can Bullet Characteristics Link a Bullet to a Manufacturer?

This paper was written to understand if there is a way to identify bullet manufacturer based solely on the shape and characteristics of the bullet. Traditional methods of bullet identification are to use a bullet comparison microscope and look for tool marks and rifling to link it to one particular gun. Cartridge case identification is a lot easier to link to the manufacturer being that there is already some identifying information of the breech face such as the bullet size (9mm), the gun manufacturer (SW-Smith and Wesson), and the trigger pin impression. This research is being done to find an alternative method of bullet identification in the event there are no cartridges left at a crime scene nor does the bullet have sufficient tool marks or rifling to link to a specific gun.
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Mental Health and Psychological Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic sweeps across the world, it is causing widespread concern, fear and stress, all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and uncertain situation that everyone finds themselves in. “The issue facing each and every one of us is how we manage and react to the stressful situation unfolding so rapidly in our lives and communities. Here we can draw on the remarkable powers of strength and cooperation that we also fortunately possess as humans. And that is what we must try to focus on to respond most effectively to this crisis as individuals, family and community members, friends and colleagues,” said Dr Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe.
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Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Progression and Quality of Life. Correlation between SSS-IoT Risk Scale Score and the Main Factors Determining the Disease Potential Progression

It has been identified several factors that can determine the severity and progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The natural evolution of this disease has been extensively studied in different populations. However, no practical tool encompasses the main factors determining this disease’s potential progression.
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Production and Stabilization of Biomass Derived Bio-Oil using Non-Catalytic Pyrolysis Approach

Considering high demand of exploring clean and sustainable source of energy worldwide, biomass derived green bioenergy has tremendous potential. Amongst all possible ways of biomass processing to derive bio-fuels, the biomass pyrolysis is highly preferred thermochemical process that converts the biomass to bio-oil. In our present work, the noncatalytic pyrolysis of ligno-cellulosic biomass samples (sawdust, rice straw and cotton stalk) was successfully carried out using in-house developed fixed bed pyrolytic reactor.
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Risk Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Literature Review and Scale Proposal

To identify the main risk factors for the progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and to create a tool or classification that helps to identify patients with greater potential for the development of serious scoliosis.
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Application of Lando®Artificial Dermal Regeneration Matrix in Treatment of Challenging Scar Contracture Release of a Severely Deformed Wrist: A Case Report

Here we present a case of a 36–year–old woman who suffered from severe (118°) flexion deformity of the right wrist joint because of heavily burn scar contracture of the right hand wrist. After scar excision, the wrist external fixator was applied and adjusted regularly to extent the wrist and to obtain normal range of motion of the wrist joint. Skin reconstruction was performed with a dermal regeneration matrix and eventually with a split-thickness skin graf
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Facial Arteriovenous Fistula following Orthodontic Treatment: Case Report

The arteriovenous fistula is an anomalous connection between an artery and a vein. The superficial temporal artery and the facial artery are the most affected in the head and neck regions. It can be congenital, acquired or a post-traumatic fistula.
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Tofacitinib as a Therapeutic Option in the Treatment of Refractory Scleritis: A Case Report

This was a 50-year-old patient with recurrent bilateral nodular anterior scleritis refractory to several treatments, including immunosuppressants and anti Tnfα. She was assessed for the different causes of immune-mediated and infectious diseases, but nothing was found. Tofacitinib was started 5 mg twice a day, which led to the spacing of crises until their total disappearance. At present, the patient has been crisis-free for nine months. In conclusion, the use of Janus Kinase inhibitor (Tofacitinib) alone was effective in the treatment of refractory recurrent nodular anterior scleritis.
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Thrombocytopenia in Women Initiating Antenatal Care in Port Harcourt

Thrombocytopenia is a reduction in the platelet count below the reference range of 150 x 109 /L. It is the second commonest hematologic disorder, following anaemia in pregnancy. Women with thrombocytopenia in pregnancy have a higher tendency to bleed; postpartum haemorrhage is a major cause of maternal mortality in our setting.
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Can Vitamin D Deficiency be a Risk Factor for Coronary Artery Disease? A Large Cross-Sectional Study of Patients Referred to Cardiovascular Clinic

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide.Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common form of CVD. To prevent CAD we need to assess the risk of future CAD in all patients referred for cardiovascular care, but each of the several available systems for risk assessment has its own limitations. This study was designed to determine whether vitamin D deficiency is a potential risk factor for CAD.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to CA

Liang-Shun Wang

Professor
Graduate Institute of clinical medicine
Taipei Medical University
Taiwan

Akira Sugawara

Department of Molecular Endocrinology
Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
Japan

NIKOLAS P. LEMOS

Professor
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
University of California
United States

Maria Ioannou

Senior Lecturer
University of Huddersfield
United Kingdom

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

Rasha Sayed Hanafi

Associate Professor
Pharmaceutical and Biomedical analysis
German University
Egypt

Helena Nunes Cabaco

Research associate
Institute of Molecular Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
University of Lisbon
Portugal

Karim Ennouri

Assistant Professor
Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Sfax
Tunisia

SABIRA KHATUN

Professor
Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
University Malaysia Pahang
Malaysia

Subash Sad

Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology
University of Ottawa
Canada
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