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Ecological Risk Assessment of Desalination Plants Discharges on the Marine Environment Red Sea, Egypt

Desalination has become one of the main alternatives to compensate for water shortages. Although seawater desalination is expensive and has many environmental risks, it is still an important option to compensate for water shortages in Egypt. The discharge of liquid waste (especially heavy metals) from the station into the sea has a negative impact on the water, so the spatial distribution of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, and copper) shows high concentrations near the outlets of both AlQusayr and the port of Al-Qusayr. Hamata desalination plants in the southern Red Sea. As for higher quantities of heavy metals - higher than the standard values - such as (Cu, Pb, Cd), they are classified as seawater pollutants, whether they show evidence of toxicity or not. The study demonstrated that seaweed has bio-absorption properties and can effectively absorb heavy metals from the surrounding water, and thus it can serve as a bio-indicator in tools for monitoring the degree of pollution, as well as evaluating water desalination activities
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Comprehensive Study of Various Chemical Samples in Forensic Toxicology: Focus on Urine Sample

Toxicology deals with the measurement and analysis of toxins. It is itself a vast branch of science, though it has several branches and one of these is forensic toxicology. Forensic toxicology is a branch of toxicology that lines up with other disciplines, namely clinical chemistry, postmortem forensic toxicology, human performance toxicology and forensic drug testing, providing medical jurisprudence of adverse effects such as drug abuse, poisoning and death. The key role of forensic toxicology is to identify and analyse the toxin compounds found during adverse events. This review paper aims to draw an idea about the toxin, in the collected biological chemical samples such as urine samples and their effects on their day-to-day life
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Entomological Observations on a Decomposing Pig (Sus scrofa) in Nebraska: Late Spring to Early Summer

The determination of the postmortem interval (PMI) towards assisting in medicolegal investigations is a frequent requirement in any developed jurisdiction. Each of the latter has prevailing peculiarities, especially with many operating variables that include seasonal changes. There is a dearth of information about the decompositional pattern and progress of cadavers deposited on the ground in Nebraska, a jurisdiction lying within the Central Great Plains of North America. The present study, using an experimental pig was designed to consider the entomological peculiarities within a geographical area exhibiting taphonomic characteristics, and during a defined season.
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Leveraging Electronic Medical Records for Legal Compliance and Improved Reimbursement Efficiency

Background and Objective: Septic shock remains an impatient cause of morbidity and mortality. Early restitution of the circulation improve tissue oxygen delivery and increase survival. This study is a prospective randomized single center study its main objective is to investigate the therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in patients with septic shock. Methods: Fifty-two critically ill patients admitted with septic shock divided into two groups, the first group received isotonic saline (control group) starch, while the second received hypertonic saline 5%.
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In-vitro Regeneration in Maize (Zea Mays L.) from Mature Embryo

Maize is an economically important crop worldwide. As the world population increases, there is a great need to develop high yielding and stress resistant maize varieties. To provide a future platform for maize improvement, we tested mature embryos as alternative explants for the regeneration of three economically important maize inbred lines: CML331, CML442 and CML444.
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The Efficiency and Safety of a Resveratrol and Alpha Lipoic Acid Combination in the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Related Complications: A Retrospective Clinical Trial

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with an increased maternal and fetal risk of complications. Other than lifestyle modifications and diet, little prevention can be done towards this maternal complication. Through a preclinical approach and a retrospective clinical trial, we investigated the effects of maternal supplementation with a nutraceutical composition based on resveratrol (RSV) and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on insulin resistance and GDM status
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The Impact of Seasonal Changes on Growth Performance, Rumen Fermentation, and Rumen Microbiota Structure of Yaks: An Analysis Using the Supplemented 2.5kg Concentrate Level as an Example

The study investigated the effects of supplementing the same level of concentrate in different seasons on the growth performance, rumen fermentation, serum biochemical index, and rumen microflora changes in yaks, to provide guidance on accurate feeding of yaks in cold and warm seasons. 12 healthy yaks weighing (124.21±15.64) kg were selected for the experiment, with a warm season group from August to October and a Cold season supplemental feeding group from October to December. The results showed that the mean daily gain was significantly higher in the warm season grazing group than in the cold season grazing group (p<0.05). Rumen fermentation, serum biochemical index, and rumen microflora changes also varied significantly between the two groups (p<0.05).
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Atypical Thoracic Outlet Syndrome*

With the progress of society, the development of science and technology, and the popularization of digitalization, the number of patients seeking treatment for "hand numbness" in the outpatient department of rehabilitation medicine is increasing day by day, and it shows a younger age, even some teenagers; Most of them are diagnosed as cervical spondylosis, but according to the treatment of cervical spondylosis, the effect is not good, sometimes prolonged and not cured, which has different degrees of impact on the work and life of patients, and even affects the physical and mental health of patient
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Radiological Assessment of Rock Samples from Asir mountain in Abha and Al-Baha region, Saudi Arabia

This study investigates the natural radioactivity levels in the Abha and Al-Baha region, a mountain range with a variety of rock types, ranging from calcareous to granitic. Thirty rock samples were collected, 15 from the Abha mountains and 15 from the Al-Baha mountains
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Assessment of Nutritional Support and its Correlation with Outcome of Critically Ill Children

Malnutrition is a major challenge in caring for critically ill children. Therefore we aimed to assess the nutritional status in critically ill pediatrics. Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out on180 children admitted into Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Menoufia University Hospital. Clinical examination performed including anthropometric measurement, screening for malnutrition risk using Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and determination of disease severity by Pediatric Risk of Mortality score (PRISM)
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Quantum Quench Dynamics in DNA Molecules at Finite Temperatures

In order to analyze denaturation, we take into account a mapping from the finite temperature phase transition onto a zero temperature quantum phase transition caused by a quench, where the control parameter is the torsion-associated magnetic field and the quench duration handles the temperature effect
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Mathematical Analysis on the Design of Heliostat Field

The optimal design of heliostat field in solar power generation device is studied Heliostat field generates high temperature by focusing the sunlight reflected from the mirror surface, thus pushing the turbine to generate electricity. In order to improve the efficiency of power generation, this paper optimizes the parameters of heliostat field, establishes a singleobjective optimization model, and uses mixed strategy whale optimization algorithm to solve it. Through geometric optical analysis and ray tracing model, the optical efficiency of heliostat field and the annual average output thermal power per mirror area are calculated. Finally, through the discussion and analysis of the model, the optimization design method is evaluated.
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Explorations of the Combined Effects of Surface Energy, Initial Stress and Nonlocality on the Dynamic Behaviour of Carbon Nanotubes Conveying Fluid Resting on Elastic Foundations in a Thermo-Magnetic Environment

The vibrations of carbon nanotubes under the influences of various internal and external forces have been subjects of interests for some years. These researches have not really considered the effects of surface energy and initial stress which are very important from both material and mechanical aspects of views. Therefore, the current study presents the simultaneous impacts of surface energy, initial stress and nonlocality and other various parameters on the nonlinear vibration of carbon nanotube hot fluid-conveying resting on elastic foundations in a magnetic environment. The derived equations governing the behaviours are solved using Galerkin’s decomposition-Adomian decomposition method is adopted to explore the concurrent impacts of surface elasticity, initial stress, residual surface tension and nonlocality on the nonlinear vibration of singlewalled carbon conveying nanotube resting on linear and nonlinear elastic foundation and operating in a thermo-magnetic environment
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Assessment of Changes in Clinical Management of Cervical Cancer Patients in Light of New Staging Criteria

Objective: To assess the changes in the Current clinical management of cancer cervix patients as the new staging considers radiological and pathological criteria for cervical cancer staging. Methods: This retrospective study Retrospective collection of the Data from the medical records. Results: Five hundred and nine Patients were registered for cervical cancer from Jan 2019 to December 2021. The average age of patients treated was 53yrs. The patients' age distribution ( Table 2 ) was Less than one percent of patients below 30yrs, 31.4 percent, and 40.6 percent were in the 50 to 60 yrs range
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Comparison of Physicochemical and Binding Properties of Novicel™ Microcrystalline Cellulose and Avicel® PH 101 in Direct Compression of Ascorbic Acid Tablets

Microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) is a key excipient in formulation and production of pharmaceutical solid dosage forms such as tablets. In this study, the microcrystalline cellulose (Novicel™) obtained from sugarcane bagasse (a waste material from sugarcane factories) was compared with Avicel PH 101 (a commercially available MCC) for its physicochemical characteristics and potential as a dry binder in direct compression of ascorbic acid tablets.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Editorial Board Members Related to CAL


Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Technology
Hashemite University

Junjie Zhang

Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Texas A&M Univeristy
United States

Said Elshahat Abdallah

Department of Agricultural Process Engineering
Kafrelsheikh University


Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
United States

Ren-Ke Li

Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
University of Toronto

Shibani Datta

Department of Public Health
All India Institute Of Hygiene And Public Health
West Bengal


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital
Catholic University Medical College

Paisarn Muneesawang

Associate Professor
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Naresuan University

Alireza Jahan-mihan

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
University of North Florida
United States

Antonina Argo

Associate Professor
Department of Medical Biotechnology and Forensic Medicine
University of Palermo
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