Top Links

Articles Related to DAT

Eco Safe Assimilation of Plastic Wastes by Microbes and Biodegradable Alternatives: A Review

Lack of degradability and the closing of landfill sites as well as growing water and land pollution problems have led to concern about plastics. In the past few decades, the use of plastics has enormously increased, mostly used for food packaging. Ironically, the most preferred property of plastics – durability – exerts also the major environmental threat. With the excessive use of plastics and increasing pressure being placed on capacities available for plastic waste disposal, the need for biodegradable plastics and biodegradation of plastic wastes has assumed increasing importance in the last few years.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in Healthy Obese Adults

It was a cross-sectional study including 434 apparently healthy subjects (194 males) divided into two groups: i) obese (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m²) and ii) non-obese (BMI < 30 Kg/m²). Exclusion criteria were: current smokers, asthma, medicine intake interfering with FeNO levels, and abnormal lung function tests. The FeNO measurements were performed before spirometry. Student t test was performed to compare between the two groups. The Spearman correlation between BMI and FeNO levels was evaluated. The Piecewise linear regression with breakpoint was assessed to define the breakpoint of inflammation related to obesity.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Photodegradation, Antibacterial & Antioxidant Assessment of Multifunctional Zinc Oxide Metal Nanoparticles Using Smilax aspera Leaf Extract: An Eco Approach

The endeavor of this research accounts for a superficial green route scheme by using an extract of leaves of Smilax aspera as a stabilizing and capping agent. Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were examined through UV-visible Spectrophotometer, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-rays spectroscopy), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The NPs demonstrates potential photo catalytic activity for the degradation of Methyl Orange (MO) and Methylene Blue (MB) dyes upon exposure to sunlight.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Computer Simulations of Brain Oxygenation at the Microvascular Level Validating a New Role of the Arterioles

Brain physiology critically depends on constant oxygen supply to the neurons to ensure various energy–dependent functions of the central nervous system. A volume of latest experimental data on oxygen metabolism obtained with high temporal and spatial resolution, with both invasive and non-invasive methods, and the use of technologies of various degrees of sophistication, strongly suggests arteriole involvement in brain oxygenation. This new approach challenges the traditional views on brain oxygenation according to which oxygen supply to the brain tissues occurs by diffusion at the capillary level.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Cognitive Enhancers Derived from Edible Crops

The concept of an effective cognitive boosting nootropic supplement is gaining traction with consumers, neuroscientists and regulators alike and it is therefore unsurprising that scientifically validated Nootropics are highly prized. New research demonstrates edible crops could be useful sources to mine for new nootropics; plant extracts enriched with an array of cognitive enhancing metabolites. There is merit in investigating these plant species. Metadata has identifies consuming specific fruit and vegetables positively affects cognitive function; therefore these same edible crop plants present as opportunities for developing nootropic formulations. This hypothesis is supported by positive data obtained through clinical testing [e.g. extracts of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), herbs from the Genus Salvia, cocoa (Theobroma), tea (Camellia sinensisor) and coffee (Coffea Arabica). This review will discuss clinically tested cognitive enhancers derived from edible crop species and discuss their use alongside other classes of nootropics.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Development and Validation of a Novel ELISA for the Detection of Neospora Caninum Antibodies in Bovine Sera

Neospora caninum is a world-wide distributed apicomplexan parasite, causative agent of bovine neosporosis, which is one of the major causes of reproductive losses in cattle affecting both dairy and beef industries. Several techniques are regularly used for the diagnosis of bovine neosporosis.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Remineralization Activities of Bioactive Materials and Nanotechnological Products Used in Pediatric Dentistry

Tooth decay is a progressive disease caused by acid fermentation of carbohydrates by pathogenic microorganisms in the mouth, leading to demineralization of teeth.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Evaluation of Anti-aging Effect of the Novel Test Formulation in Cell-based Studies using Β-Galactosidase Activity, Collagen Levels, and Protection against Oxidative Stress

The study was aimed to evaluate the antioxidant and antiaging potential of Biofield Energy Healing Treatment (the Trivedi Effect®) on a novel test formulation in in vitro. The test formulation was divided into two parts
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Determination of N-Butylscopolamine in Human Plasma by Solid-Phase Extraction and UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS: Development, Validation and Application to a Bioequivalence Study

BioequivalenceA sensitive ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method for measurements of N-butylscopolamine in plasma was developed and validated. A SPE extraction was proposed for the clean up of plasma and N-butylscopolamine-d9 was added as internal standard. The analyses were carried out using a phenyl column and mobile phase of acetonitrile:
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Effects of Planting Dates on Nutritional and Phytochemical Compositions of Onion Varieties Under Rain-fed and Irrigation Facilities in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Onion is a high-value vegetable consumed in Nigeria on a daily basis, and it forms an integral part of the diet, but the nutritional quality is low due to lack of appropriate cultural practices. The study examined the effects of planting dates on the nutritional quality of onion varieties in Ogbomoso, Nigeria. Five onion varieties (Local white, a local red, karibou, gandiol+, and safari) were subjected into four different planting dates namely, two under rain-fed (early April and August) and two under irrigation (early September and November).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

A Novel Neuroprotective and Antioxidative Efficacy of a Unique Combination of Standardized Huperzia serrata, Convolvulus pluricaulis and Celastrus paniculatus Extracts

Physical and environmental stress in conjunction with hectic lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are the major cause of diverse neurodegenerative disorders. Oxidative neuronal injury and acetylcholine deficiency have a major impact on learning and memory retention. Most of the treatment strategies are based on the improvement of cholinergic function in the brain and one of the emerging therapeutic targets is to enhance the acetylcholine level in the brain. Standardized botanical extracts including Huperzia serrata (1% Huperzine A, CogniUp), Convolvulus pluricaulis (SP) and Celastrus paniculatus (JY) have been demonstrated to attenuate brain function by serving as a natural acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Discovery of Potent Drug Candidates of Adhatoda vasica Against Target Proteins IL- 4 and IL- 13 of Asthma – An in Silico

Bronchial-Asthma, Adhatoda-vasica, In-Silico, IL- 13, IL- 4
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Optimization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa for Chlorpyrifos Degradation using Response Surface Methodology

Chlorpyrifos is a hazardous organophosphate pesticide used worldwide thus its biodegradation is need of the time. In the present study 13 bacterial strains were isolated from collected soil samples of different agro climatic regions and out of them one bacterial strain was screened out as potent degrader of Chlorpyrifos on the basis of percentage degradation using high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC).
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Treatment of Wastewater by Material Based on Dates Rods

With the growth and development of the industry, the problem of pollution remains the most important subject of many scientists, since it affects several vital sectors.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Periodontal Maintenance Therapy and Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis: Brief Review of the Literature and Case Report

This case report presents an unusual variant of generalized aggressive periodontitis that was managed by nonsurgical therapy which included the use of a novel tooth gel. Also, a brief review of the literature is offered as context for this unusual clinical case. The patient, a 40-year old Caucasian female, presented with advanced bone loss involving all teeth, intense inflammation of the attached gingiva and little obvious supra- or subgingival biofilm and dental calculus. Presence of systemic disease, high levels of periodontal microbial pathogens and IL-1α and IL-1β polymorphisms were evaluated and all determined to be negative. Gingival biopsy resulted in a diagnosis of nonspecific inflammation. Treatment consisted of 2- and 3-month intervals for periodontal maintenance appointments and eventually the introduction of an activated edathamil-based tooth gel. Over the subsequent 4-years the patient’s periodontal status stabilized as manifested by no further loss of tooth supporting bone, a reduction in the percentage of periodontal pockets of 4-6 mm depth and a reduction in the percentage of sites exhibiting bleeding upon periodontal probing. The significance of this case report is to emphasize that, even in cases of severe generalized aggressive periodontitis, nonsurgical periodontal therapy can be effective. In addition, it appears that a novel tooth gel containing activated edathamil is effective at reducing gingival inflammation with a concomitant reduction in percent of sites that bleed on periodontal probing.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text

Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
View complete article: PDF  |  Full-text


Editorial Board Members Related to DAT

Boris A. Reva

Associate Professor
Department of Genetics and Genomics Sciences
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

Arshdeep Tindni

Associate Professor
The Jewish Hospital
Ohio

Jana Barlic-Dicen

Assistant Professor
Department of Cell Biology
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
United States

Weibin Shi

Associate Professor
Radiology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics
University of Virginia
United States

Hong-Wen Deng

Professor
Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics
Tulane University
United States

TZI BUN NG

Professor of Biochemistry
School of Biomedical Sciences
Chinese University of Hong Kong
China

Metin Kilinc

Professor
Department of Medical Biochemistry
Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University
Faculty of Medicine
Kahramanmaras, Turkey

Nagesh Shukla

Infrastructure simulation and modelling team at SMART
University of Wollongong
Australia

Petras Kundrotas

Assistant Professor
Center for Bioinformatics
The University of Kansas
United States

Carla J. Kinslow

Principal Consultant
Rimkus Consulting Group
USA
Submit Manuscript


Open Access Journals

View All Journals