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Articles Related to Dentistry

German Dentists’ Knowledge About How to Proceed in Cases of Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect

Introduction: Studies from several countries have shown that there is a lack of knowledge related to child protection among dentists and their teams. So far, there are no data available about the situation in Germany. Aim of this study is to describe the perception of the role of German dentists in terms of child abuse and neglect. Material and Methods: A questionnaire previously used by other studies regarding the role of dentists in child protection was adapted to German terminology and provided online. The internet address has been shown in different German dentists’ association journals addressing dentists only. The participation was voluntary. Results: A total of 251 (79.68%) dentists completed the questionnaire with valid data, 62.5% reported to have had a sus- picion of child abuse or neglect. Of these, 21,7% had reported their suspicion to the social services. Dentists specialized in pediatric dentistry reported their suspicion more often. Most frequently reported barriers towards contacting social services were uncertainty about diagnosis, fear of violence towards the child and the lack of knowledge in terms of referral procedures. Most of the participants expressed a need for further education. Conclusion: Dentists in Germany are not able to fill their role in child protection matters sufficiently and show a need for undergraduate and continuing postgraduate training.
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Maximal Distance of Splatters and Droplets Projections Produced by Dental Air and Water-Cooled Instruments Around a Dental Chair in an Open-Plan Area

A dental chair and its environment can be contaminated with droplet/splatter and aerosol particles, which contain various pathogens, including SARS-Cov-2, that can be transmitted by contact or inhalation. We aimed to evaluate the maximal distance of droplet/splatter projections for four different air and water-cooled dental instruments using a patient simulator, to define the boundaries of the open-plan area contaminated immediately after treatment. We used a dental chair unit placed in a room in the open-plan area. Fluorescent powder was added to water, to know the maximal distance reached by the droplet/splatter on the surfaces of the dental room covered with white sheets. Dental care was performed in an artificial mouth using either an air turbine handpiece, a high-speed electric contra-angle, an ultrasonic scaler, or an air/powder polisher with a constant volume of colored water. Maximal distances of droplet/splatter projections were measured after identifying the fluorescent patterns on the surfaces. Calculated heights and angles were then used after normalization to know the maximal distance that could be reached by these projections. In these conditions, the theoretical maximal distance of droplet/splatter projection was 295 cm for the air-powder polisher, followed by 238 cm for the high-speed electric contra-angle, 93 cm for the air turbine and 77 cm for the ultrasonic scaler. Theoretical projections for the ultrasonic scaler did not go beyond the dental room. In our open-plan area, droplet/splatter projections can extend beyond the dental room entrance, but not over 1.80 m-high partitions, and could contaminate areas located nearby. Simple preventive measures would be to limit the perimeter of these projections, for example by installing a door, in addition to measures to limit the scope of aerosols.
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A Review Study on Gender Determination with the Help of Bite Marks Analysis

Bite marks are commonly observed in cases such as slaughter, sexual assault, child abuse cases, and during sports events. Bitemark is a type of ‘patterned injury’ which played an important role as evidence in judicial system. Bite marks can find on various body parts and various edible leftovers at the Crime Scene which can be used as evidence for identification of the criminals. Teeth impression shows sexual dimorphism and therefore helps in gender estimation. The various dental characteristics are individual-specific. A piece of exhaustive information and examination of indentations can help in the vindication of the guiltless as well as give decisive proof to the conviction of criminals. In certain violations, indentation proof is the main proof on which conviction has been accomplished, especially in rape and kid abuse cases. The present review describes the importance of bite mark analysis, estimation of gender through bite marks, and stability of teeth impression in diverse conditions. This article can give a better comprehension of the methodology used in forensic dentistry when investigating dental impressions.
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Who is Liable? : A Question That Can Change the Life of the Dentist

India has one of the finest constitutions among all. It deals with every aspect of human activity, dentistry is one of them. The dentist is a health professional whose duty is to practice dentistry at a certain standard of care. The breach of this duty is known as negligence. Thanks to our media, people are aware of many laws but at the same time the definition of grievance has changed, plaintiff commence cases on others for their personal benefits.
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Remineralization Activities of Bioactive Materials and Nanotechnological Products Used in Pediatric Dentistry

Tooth decay is a progressive disease caused by acid fermentation of carbohydrates by pathogenic microorganisms in the mouth, leading to demineralization of teeth.
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New Resin Cements Agents in Conservative Dentistry: Indications and Possible Risks. Rev Literature

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All-On-Four Concept in Implant Dentistry: A Literature Review

implantIntroductionThe implant technology developed as the all-on-four concept is offered as an alternative to conventional implant applications. In the all-on-four technique, 4 implants are placed in the interforaminal region in the mandible and in the pre-maxillary region in total edentulism cases. This application is based on the placement of two of these implants to the anterior region so as to be perpendicular to the occlusal plane, and on the placement of two implants to the posterior region so as to be inclined 30-45o. These implants are ensured to function by making immediate fixed complete denture over them. The patient is administered with permanent fixed full arch restoration 3 months later. The reduction of surgical procedures and the functioning of immediate dentures are important by means of this system. The purpose of this study is to compile the clinical and research articles regarding the all-on-four implant concept, to determine the basic principles of this concept, and to present the advantages and disadvantages of the method. The all-on-four concept can be an alternative and potential treatment method especially in atrophic edentulous jaws, its routine clinical practices can be performed, but it is necessary to increase long-term clinical controlled studies.
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Shade Matching in Aesthetic Dentistry – From Past to Recent Advances

Aesthetic restorative efforts in the formation of beautiful smiles are defined and guided by certain universal principles. An understanding of the science of color and color perception is crucial to success in the ever expanding field of aesthetic restorative dentistry. Just as the disharmony is created by a discordant note in a symphony, the wrong shades can destroy the result and thus, this necessitates the thorough knowledge and understanding of the concept of shade selection.
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Semiological Profile of Documented Apical Periodontitis: Case of the Clinic of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics (ODE) of the Department of Dentistry of Dakar

The prevalence of teeth carriers of periodontitis apical is universally high. Only the decontamination of the root canal system through cleaning, it’s shaping and its waterproof filling can ensure the eradication of infection at the level of the peri apex. The purpose of this prospective study was to establish the semiological profile of different types of periodontitis apical. The different characteristics used are subjective signs reported by the patient about the pain but also the clinical and radiographic features of each tooth with apical periodontitis.
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Replacement of Missing Lateral Incisor Using A Zirconium Resin-Bonded Fixed Partial Denture: A Clinical Report

This clinical report describes the treatment of a 22-year-old female patient with maxillary lateral incisor agenesis. All-ceramic resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPD) were selected as the most conservative and esthetic treatment option.
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Frenectomy as a Treatment Modality for Minimal Median Cleft of the Upper Lip

Cleft lip is a common craniofacial anomaly. Median cleft lip is a midline vertical cleft through the upper lip. Of all the types of clefts, minimal Median cleft of the upper lip is a very rare craniofacial anomaly.
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Computed Tomography Use on Age Estimation in Forensic Dentistry: A Review

Computed tomography is an alternate imaging modality which can be used to estimate age and to aid on human identification in Forensic Dentistry.
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The Dental Identification of the Egyptian Queen Hatshepsut

Recently, an Egyptian archaeologist, Dr Zahi Hawass, found few mummies. He was convinced that one of them was Hatshepsut, the famous Egyptian queen
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Parry Romberg Syndrome: A Case Report

Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by slowly progressive deterioration of the skin and soft tissues of half of the face. The syndrome presents with characteristic skeletal, dental, and soft tissue changes in the affected half of the face, with or without neurological signs and symptoms.
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Study the Effects of Communication Skills Training on Satisfaction and Anxiety Level of Dentistry Students and their Patients

Patient anxiety about the dental procedures is one of the most common problems in this profession. Most people avoid going to a dentist because of their fear and anxiety.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Dentistry

Saranjit Singh Bhasin

Professor and Head of Prosthodontics
Faculty of Dentistry
Jamia Millia Islamia (a Central University)


Associate Professor
Warwick Medical School
University of Warwick

Syed Ameer Haider Jafri

Assistant professor
Department of pedodontic and preventive dentistry
King Salman North West Armed Force Hospital
Saudi Arabia

Omar Abd El Sadek El Meligy

Pediatric Dentistry
King Abdulaziz University
Saudi Arabia


Associate Professor
Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology
Hacettepe University

Joseph Prandota

Emeritus Full Professor
Department of Pediatrics & Clinical Pharmacology
Faculty of Health Sciences
Wroclaw Medical University

Vladimir W. Spolsky

Associate Professor
Division of Public Health & Community Dentistry
School of Dentistry
University of California
United States


Associate Professor
College of Dentistry
New York University
United States

Zezhang Tom Wen

Associate Professor
School of Medicine
LSU Health Sciences Center School of Dentistry
United States

Cristiana Palmela Pereira

Assistant Professor
Portuguese Institute of Legal Medicine
University of Lisboa
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