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Articles Related to Diagnosis

Diagnosis and Treatment of Atypical Thoracic Outlet Syndrome*

With the progress of society, the development of science and technology, and the popularization of digitalization, the number of patients seeking treatment for "hand numbness" in the outpatient department of rehabilitation medicine is increasing day by day, and it shows a younger age, even some teenagers; Most of them are diagnosed as cervical spondylosis, but according to the treatment of cervical spondylosis, the effect is not good, sometimes prolonged and not cured, which has different degrees of impact on the work and life of patients, and even affects the physical and mental health of patient
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Radiomics, PET-PSMA and Machine Learning for Intraprostatic Cancer Diagnosis

Prostate cancer (Pca) is the second most prevalent malignant neoplasia in man, just after non-melanoma skin cancer. Today, prostate biopsy for tissue sampling is still the gold standard for its diagnosis. However, new generation imaging exam has been used in several clinical scenarios. Yet, positron emission tomography (PET) that targets a specific transmembrane protein on prostatic cells
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Superficial CD34-Positive Fibroblastic Tumor: First Case Report from Latin-America and Review of the Literature

Superficial CD34-positive fibroblastic tumor is an infrequent soft-tissue tumor characterized by a lesion located in the subcutaneous fascia without affecting the soft or deep muscle planes. Its incidence is unknown; therefore, it represents a diagnostic challenge for both the surgical oncologist and pathologist. Given its high risk of local recurrence, extensive surgical resection is the recommended treatment modality. This is the first report of this rare entity in Latin-America.
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Review on MALDI TOF MS: Modern Disease Diagnosis Approaches in Microbiology and its Mechanism

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become a widely used technique for the rapid, accurate, durable, economical, and trustworthy method for identification of bacteria, mycobacteria and fungal pathogens in the microbiology laboratory.
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Stroke Mimics: Diagnosis and Management of Patients with Suggestive Clinical Manifestations of Ischemic Stroke

Background and Purpose: Ischemic stroke is a treatable medical emergency. The diagnosis of stroke is mainly clinical and not always so obvious. Intravenous thrombolysis treatment with altepase IV and endovascular treatment have been proved as fist-line beneficial options for eligible patients who have acute ischemic stroke. However, approximately 30% of patients who experience an acute neurological deficit compatible with ischemic stroke fall into the category of "stroke mimics"
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Prenatal Diagnosis of Hydranencephaly in a Newborn of Psychic Mother with Olanzapine and Paroxetine Exposure During The Pregnancy

Hydranencephaly is an extremely rare congenital anomaly of the central nervous system, characterized by the almost total absence of the bilateral cerebral hemispheres and replaced by cerebrospinal fluid. Almost all cases are sporadic with an incidence of less than 1 per 10,000 births and a very poor prognosis. The exact main cause is still unknown, but hydranencephaly is usually found to develop secondarily to the occlusion of cerebral arteries above the supraclinoid level. We report the case of a full-term female infant with hydranencephaly diagnosed at 28 weeks of gestation by routine antenatal intrauterine ultrasonograph
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An Unexpected Diagnosis of Plasmacytoma of The Thyroid: A Case Report and Review of The Literature

Plasmacytoma is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells that can arise in the bone marrow (osseous) and in the soft tissues. Extramedullary plasmacytomas most commonly occur in the upper respiratory tract. Thyroid involvement is rare. In this report, we describe a new case plasmacytoma of the thyroid gland in a 60-year-old man with a history of multinodular goiter present for several years and an unexpected rapid increase of the mass associated to dysphagia, dyspnea, and dysphonia. Histopathological examination of surgical specimen, along with immunohistochemical studies, unexpectedly led to the diagnosis of plasmacytoma. We also briefly summarize the last 30 years of literature on thyroid plasmacytoma and review the salient characteristics of this rare condition.
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Detection of a Rheumatic Factor (RF,) Anti- Cyclic Citrullinated Peptides (Anti CCP) Antibodies and C- Reactive Protein (CRP) in Diagnosis and Prognosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis ( RA)is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease. It is characterized by arthrosynovitis with resultant joint destruction . So, an early clinical diagnosis along with simple serological tests like anti CCP antibodies, C –reactive protein ( CRP) and Rheumatoid factor (RF) play an important role .An attempt was made to study and compare these parameters in OPD and IPD RA patients in our hospital setup, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital , New Delhi. Aims and Objectives: To study the role of RF , Anti-CCP antibodies and CRP in early detection and prognosis of Rheu- matoid arthritis. Materials and Methods: A Total of 440 samples were studied from January 2018 to December 2020 (3years). Correlation between Rheumatoid factor(RF) ,anti CCP antibodies and CRP in suspected RA patients from various departments like PMR , Orthopaedics , Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Paediatrics was attempted. RF and CRP was performed using latex agglutination test and anti CCP antibody by ELISA. Results and Conclusion: Of 440 samples tested, all the factors were positive in 87 patients . Anti CCP and RF alone was seen in 32 patients. RF and CRP positive in 49 patients, RF alone in 22 patients. In 250 patients all the tests were negative. So, Anti CCP along with RF and CRP showed a better positive predictive value in patients of Rheumatoid arthritis. But positivity of these parameters even in patients who lack sign and symptoms also aids in better diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.
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Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Patients with Closed Pancreatic Injuries

Diagnosis and choice of therapeutic rational tactics in patients with closed pancreatic injuries still remain and actual problem of urgent abdominal surgery. The results of treatment of 70 patients with pancreatic injuries being treated in a surgical department of RSCUMA of Uzbekistan Public Health and its branches during 2009-20021 with analyzed. Intraoperative inspection of omental bursa is still a single reliable method to reveal injuries to the pancreas. Depending on the character and localization the differ following kinds of surgical treatment of pancreatic injuries were used: based on adequate drainage of the impaired zone; removal of lifeless pancreatic tissues; restoration of passage or rational derivation of pancreatic juice. It is necessary to underline that in all cases of pancreatic injuries antisecretory, antianzymatic, antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy must be carried out.
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Confirmation Bias and Restorative Justice in The Setting of a Missed Diagnosis

One factor underlying medical errors in “confirmation bias,” the tendency to interpret new evidence as confirmation of one’s existing beliefs or theories. When a medical error occurs, the physician has a moral duty to examine the factors which lead to its occurrence, to discuss these factors with the patient who suffered the error, and to perform their due diligence to prevent the error from occurring again. Restorative Justice is a form of collaborative decisionmaking including all parties involved in a precipitating event, including the perpetrators, victims, and stakeholders. We report on a case in which confirmation bias played a major role in misdiagnosis followed by the application of Restorative Justice principles to address the consequent mistrust between the physician and patient.
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The Heel Fat Pad Syndrome - A Neglected Diagnosis

The heel fat pad cushioning is the result of its structure, shape, thickness. Its morphological modifications due to changes in the amount or distribution of the loads normally sustained by the foot can be disturbed and can result in heel pain. The heel fat pad was found to have a crest on its anterior dorsal surface, flanges on both sides and posteriorly, and a thick portion that reached and covered the posterior surface of the calcaneus and the Achilles tendon insertion. Its anterior internal portion is thinner, and a lump of fat is consistently present in this region [1].
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Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diagnosis of Obesity in the Military Health System Active Duty Population

The overall rate of obesity is rising in the United States; this is also reflected in the military population. It is important that providers appropriately diagnose obesity and discuss treatment options with their patients.
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Latent Fingerprint on Human Skin: A Silent Diagnosis

Fingerprints are one of the most valuable evidence due to their uniqueness.
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A MRI Diagnosis of Congenital Urogenital Anomalies in 27 Years Old Man

Congenital anorchia is an uncommon clinical condition. Etiology and pathogenetic mechanisms are often unknown. Although some patients with anorchia present with ambiguous external genitalia or micropenis, most have a normal phenotype. XY Disorders of Sex Development classifications are numerous and success rate in establishing a precise diagnosis is far lower than in XX karyotype.
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Should the Lateral Chest Radiograph be a Routine Projection in the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Narrative Review?

Chest x-rays (CXR) are frequently used in the diagnosis of pneumonia in pediatrics patient. The lateral projection produces more than double the effective patient dose than the frontal (anterior-posterior (AP)/ posterior-anterior (PA)) projection in CXR series, with potentially little assistance in diagnosing disease.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Diagnosis

Martin A. Katzman

Clinic Director and Staff Psychiatrist
START Clinic for Mood and Anxiety Disorders
Canada

James Tao

Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
The University of Chicago
United States

Adolfo Godoy Pinto

Professor
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
University of Chile
Chile

Jerry R. Roberson

Associate Professor
Theriogenology/Large Animal Medicine
Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
West Indies

Avinash Shankar

Chairman
National Institute of Health & Research
Warisaliganj (Nawada), Bihar
India

SCOTT M. PETERSEN

Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
United States

Nikolić Dragan M

Faculty of Medicine
University of Belgrade
Serbia

Mamatha Ballal

Professor
Melaka Manipal Medical College
Manipal University
India

Eva Mischak-Weissinger

Professor
Department of Hematology, Hemostasis, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation
Hannover Medical School
Germany

Dimitrios Kanakis

Associate Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Nicosia Medical School
Cyprus
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