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Articles Related to ESI

Effect of “BEAUTYCOFFEE” on Body Weight A Pilot Study in Patients with Obesity

Background and Aims: Obesity and overweight are associated with a wide spectrum of morbid conditions, which contribute to high prevalence of disability and mortality worldwide. These conditions include the metabolic syndrome, cardio-- vascular and cerebro-vascular events, and fatty liver disease with the possible deterioration to liver fibrosis, cirrhosis and malignancy. Despite the wide variety of treatment options available, which include lifestyle modifications and medical and surgical interventions, obesity is still considered a worldwide pandemic, necessitating the search for additional treatment options. As caffeine exerts weight-reducing properties, we here studied the effect of Beautycoffee, a dietary supplement composed of black and green coffee arabica, together with herbal compounds, believed to be effective towards decreasing body weight.
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Transgenic Expression of Sugarcane Mosaic Virus VPg in Maize Inbred Line CML444 Confers Resistance to Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease

Maize is the most important crop in Kenya and parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. However, yields are below potential due to abiotic and biotic constraints. One of the major biotic concerns is maize lethal necrosis disease (MLN), which causes up to 100% yield losses. MLN is caused by the synergistic infection of two viruses, Maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a potyvirus, commonly Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV)
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Mathematical Analysis on the Design of Heliostat Field

The optimal design of heliostat field in solar power generation device is studied Heliostat field generates high temperature by focusing the sunlight reflected from the mirror surface, thus pushing the turbine to generate electricity. In order to improve the efficiency of power generation, this paper optimizes the parameters of heliostat field, establishes a singleobjective optimization model, and uses mixed strategy whale optimization algorithm to solve it. Through geometric optical analysis and ray tracing model, the optical efficiency of heliostat field and the annual average output thermal power per mirror area are calculated. Finally, through the discussion and analysis of the model, the optimization design method is evaluated.
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Food Habits and Factors Affecting Food Intake Among College Students in Kuwait

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess food habits among college students at Kuwait University (KU) utilizing a written questionnaire, targeting first year to higher education level regardless of age. Participants were recruited from different colleges (n=678) (73%, females, and 27% males) with a response rate of 98.8%. Data showed that 48.6% buy their foods from campus, and 38.2% of them eat in college daily. The taste was the most influential factor that is affecting food choices (53.7%), while only 2.9% of students considered cost as an important element
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Dento-Supported Impressions in Fixed Prosthesis: Study by Cap Survey of Burkinabe Dental Surgeons

The impression is a key stage in the success of the prosthetic process. Taking an impression remains the most difficult and delicate phase in the prosthetic chain. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and knowledge of dental surgeons regarding impression taking in dental practices in Burkina Faso.
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Tackling Aggravated Climatic Civil and Meteorological Aviation Weather Challenges Through Technology Transmission (Tacmwc

The paper will be discussed the forthcoming natural and manmade catastrophic events. One day which may affect our Natural Eco – System and its existing Air – Environments’ Climatic Weather Aviation Meteorological Challenges Changing Conditions/ Occurrences, which are abruptly degrading air quality index (AQI) day by day, due to the generation of the Contaminated/ Polluted Constituents/ Black Carbon Soot Particles Emission in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous substances Whole Around the GLOBE at Local, Regional and Worldwide Scale. Detailed project Kurkuti – Ghamsali – Niti Highway explored for civil engineering highway construction may influence on various types of meteorological weather parameters/ proceedings during the construction highways’ road network. The promotion of cleaner, climate – friendly technologies and improved environmental management practices for enhanced livelihood sustainability and fostering resilience requires resources, which are fast – tracking speedily and all have strong interlinks/ connections through highway roads networks in civil engineering/ buildings/ industries producing anthropogenic substance in natural eco – system and its environment as depicted in Figure 1: Scheme Accomplishment Purposes and Judgment Creation Effort – Lifespan Progression…!!! Through Technology Transmission (T3 Formula…!!)
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Central Obesity, Physical Activity, Basal Metabolism, and Body Composition in Adults: A Systematic Review

: Obesity is a global epidemic with serious consequences for countries. Objective: This work aims to systematically review the available evidence on the relationship between basal metabolism (BM), body composition, and physical activity (PA) with central obesity. Methodology: The search strategy was carried out using Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, and SciELO following the PRISMA guidelines. The STROBE checklist and the Jadad scale were also used for quality assessment.
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Effect of ultrasound on bond strength and penetration of resin and ionomeric cements used for fiberglass post cementation

The objective of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of fiberglass posts (Reforpost ®) cemented with RelyX U200 and RelyX Luting 2, with (A) and without (WA) ultrasonic activation in the root canal of bovine teeth. The penetration of the cements into dentine tubules was also assessed. Methods: Forty bovine incisors were selected and endodontically treated, and then divided into 4 groups (n = 10). Fiberglass posts were cemented with RelyX U200 and RelyX Luting 2 and activated with an ITSMO ultrasound insert in 2 groups; the other two groups received no ultrasonic activation. After 24 hours of cementation, the roots were sectioned into slices of approximately 1 mm each. Confocal microscopy and push-out test were performed, and all specimens were subjected to 200× magnification optical microscopy for mode of failure evaluation. Statistical analysis was done with three-way ANOVA, followed by the Fisher’s test (α = 0.05)
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Does Body Mass Index Influence the Onset and Prognosis of Colorectal Cancer?

Overweight and obesity are considered an increasing colorectal cancer risk factor. The association between excess body weight and colorectal cancer appears to be related to a state of systemic low-grade inflammation, due to an overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines.
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Genetic Relatedness and Characterization of O25b-B2-ST131, in Stool Isolates of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporin-Resistant Escherichia Coli Strains in Healthy Children under 10 Years of Age

Background and Purpose: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is one of the multidrug-resistant pathogens, producing extendedspectrum beta-lactamase enzymes. Molecular typing of this pathogen can be useful for determining the source of dissemination and transfer of resistance and virulence genes of these isolates. Considering the significance of infection in children, in this study, we examined the stool flora of children (<10 years) to show the characteristics and clonal relationship of the isolates.
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Simvastatin Manifold Emulsion Preparation and Evaluation: 32 Factorial Design ApproachArticle

Background: Manifold emulsions are used to increase the bioavailability of active medicinal ingredients and to provide a longer drug delivery mechanism. Hydrophobic and hydrophilic combinational surfactants are frequently used to stabilize the manifold emulsions.
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Multiple intracerebral hemorrhagic lesions complicating minimal cranioencephalic trauma in a child with severe hemophilia A, trisomy 21 and sickle cell trait carrier: a case report

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a life-threatening complication in hemophilia. It often occurs during childhood after minimal head trauma. It poses a problem of diagnostic and therapeutic management, especially in Africa where CFCs are not always available.
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The Use of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared by The Green Method to Reduce The Concentration of Nickel in Water

The present work aims to study a convenient and environmentally friendly method for the green synth of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs based on lemon juice extract. The biomolecules contained in lemon extract act as self- reducing and stabilizing agents. The optimal solution for the synthesis of AgNPs was determined by varying silver nitrate concentrations. A surface plasmon resonance system identified the synthesized silver nanoparticles by their color change from colorless to dark brown. Silver nanoparticles synthesized were characterized by Uv-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and FTIR spectroscopy. As a result of UV-visible spectroscopy, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) can be determine
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Mucoadhesive Drug Delivery Systems-An Overview

The term mucoadhesion can be defined as a phenomenon of interfacial molecular attractive forces in the layer of surface of a biological membrane and the natural or synthetic polymer, which allows the polymer to the adhere the surface of that membrane for an extended as well prolonged period of time. Since the last four decades, the conception of mucoadhesion has achieved a important precious interest in the various fields of pharmaceutics
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Screening of Carica Papaya x Vasconcellea Cauliflora Hybrids for Resistance to Papaya Ring Spot Virus (PRSV)

Carica papaya x vasconcelleacauliflora and intergeneric F1 hybrids of these species were screened for resistance to severely infected papaya ringspot virus isolates of papaya ringspot virus. Artificial screening for papaya ringspot virus was carried out 27 days after sap inoculation. Out of twenty-nine F1 hybrid plants of CO 7 x Vasconcelleacauliflora, only six plants were found free from PRSV symptoms. Similarly, out of fifty-five F1 hybrid plants of PusaNanha x Vasconcelleacaulifloraonly twenty-three were found free from the symptoms and seventy plants out of 335 plants of CP50 x Vasconcelleacauliflora were found free from PRSV symptoms. The resistance of the hybrids and parents and their hybrids viz, CO 7 x Vasconcelleacauliflora, PusaNanha x Vasconcelleacauliflora and CP50 x Vasconcelleacauliflora were subjected to DAS ELISA test. Molecular marker viz, ISSR markers were used to check and verify the hybridity. ISSR markers showed confirmity on three hybrid progenies viz, CO7V3, CO7V5 and CO7V6 from CO 7 xVasconcelleacauliflora.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ESI

ALAA EL-DEEN BAKRY YASSIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

MASSIMO RUGGE

Professor
Department of Pathology
Padova University
Italy

Bonghee Lee

Professor
Lee Gil Ya Cancer and Diabetes Institute
Gachon University
Korea

Pongsak Rattanachaikunsopon

Professor
Department of Biological Science
Ubon Ratchathani University
Thailand

Fernando A. Herrera

Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Medical University of South Carolina
United States

Jagriti Narang Malhotra

Assistant Professor
Amity University
Noida
India

Weibin Shi

Associate Professor
Radiology and Biochemistry & Molecular Genetics
University of Virginia
United States

Huatao Guo

Assistant Professor
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology
University of Missouri School of Medicine
United States

OSAMA ALI MOHAMED IBRAHEIM

Professor
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
College of Medicine
Assiut University
Egypt

Mahmoud Younis Mohammed Taha

Department of Dental Basic Sciences
College of Dentistry
Mosul University
Iraq
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