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Articles Related to ETs

Association between Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Severity and Platelet Values

To investigate the association between platelet values and COPD severity using linear variables in order to better explain and explore these correlations.
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Comparative Effect of a High Fat with or without High Levels of Sucrose Diets on Peripheral Neuropathy in C57BL/6J Mice

Feeding mice a diet containing high fat and high sucrose has been promoted as a good model for type 2 diabetes. This study sought to determine the effect of feeding mice a high fat and high sucrose diet on neuropathy compared to mice fed only a high fat diet and mice fed a high diet and treated with streptozotocin.
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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in Behcets Disease about 24 Patients

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HIV Screening Scenarios and Targets to Achieve 90% Sero-Status Knowledge Over 2021-2025 in Morocco – Pioneer Use Case of the Goals HIV Testing Strategies Model in a Concentrated Epidemic

Morocco applied the Goals testing model, projecting alternative testing scale-up scenarios, varying coverage targets for 13 adult populations. The model was calibrated using program service delivery, spending and surveillance data (2015-2019), integrated bio-behavioural surveys, and national HIV estimates. It projects annual diagnoses by target group from undiagnosed prevalence and testing coverage, allowing for HIV-infected people self-selecting for testing, retesting and transitions between groups. Scenarios were evaluated for knowledge status improvement and cost, focusing on 2023-2025.
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Reproduction and pre-weaning Growth Performances of Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus) Fed on the diets containing Ipomea batatas Leaves and/or Stylosanthes guianensis Meal

To contribute to the efficient satisfaction of nutrient needs of guinea pigs, a study on the effect of the inclusion of Ipomea batatas leaves and Stylosanthes guianensis meal on the reproductive performance of guinea pigs was carried out between October 2019 and January 2020 in the Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit of the University of Dschang. 80 guinea pigs including 64 females and 16 males weighing 448 ± 50 g and aged between 5 and 6 months were identified and distributed randomly into 4 groups of 20 animals each.
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Bioequivalence of Two Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate 600/200/300 mg Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets in Healthy Thai Male Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

Fixed-dose combination tablet formulation of efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 600/200/300 mg is an antiretroviral therapy comprising one non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor and two nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors to control human immunodeficiency virus infection.
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Relationship between Blood Ethanol Concentration, Ethyl Glucuronide and Ethyl Sulfate and Clinical Signs of Alcohol Intoxication

Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are markers for screening previous alcohol consumption and indicating recent drinking in cases of suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol.
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An Indirect Torque Loss Evaluation in Ceramic Brackets

Objective: An indirect torque loss evaluation between the slot height and wire dimensions in different ceramic conventional and self-ligating brackets manufacturers. Material and Methods: 30 slot heights of five upper right incisors from 04 commercially available bracket systems were analyzed using a profile projector and 40 stainless steel wires from 04 different manufacturers (width, height and the edge bevel) were measured with a digital micrometer, and a vision-measuring machine. A mathematical formula was used to compare the results of the actual torque loss values versus the theoretical. Results: all brackets were oversized and varied from 0.598 mm (the highest mean) to 0.566 mm (the lowest mean).
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Influence of Guanidinoacetic Acid Supplementation of Fish Diets with Different Levels of Energy Content on Growth Performance and Serum Metabolites

This research was performed to explore the impacts of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation of fish diets with variable energy contents on the growth performance and blood serum parameters of Nile tilapia fish. Nile tilapia Juveniles with an average weight of 20 g were cultured in glass aquaria and fed four formulated pelleted diets for 60 days. Our experiment was divided into four experimental groups: the first group (G1) was fed a basic control diet without any GAA supplementation. The other experimental groups, G2, G3 and G4, were fed diets with different levels of energy (25, 50 and 75 kcal/kg less than in the control, respectively) and supplemented with 0.06% GAA.
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Bioequivalence between Two Tablets of Levetiracetam in Healthy Subjects under Fasting Condition

Bioavailability of two formulations containing levetiracetam 750 mg film-coated tablets was compared in a fasting bioequivalence study. The study was single dose, randomized, open label, and two-period crossover, with Brazilian healthy subjects, males and nonpregnant females. Blood samples were taken for 36 hours after drug administration and plasmatic concentrations were determined using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method. Confidence intervals (CI90%) for the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and area under the concentration-time curve (AUC0-t) were determined by calculating LN-transformed data. The ratios and 90% CI for the geometric mean test/reference were 97.41% (91.45- 103.75%) for Cmax and 99.77% (97.07- 102.54%) for AUC0-t.
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Bioequivalence between two extended Release Tablets of Oxycodone Hydrochloride in Healthy Subjects under Fasting and Fed Conditions

Bioavailability of different formulations of oxycodone 20 mg extended release tablets was compared in two bioequivalence studies, one under fasting conditions and the other one after a high-fat breakfast.
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Price Transmission and Signal of Cowpea across Zones and Value Chain in Niger State of Nigeria

This study investigated price transmission and signals of the three major urban cowpea markets and their respective adjunct rural market across the zones and value chain in Niger state of Nigeria using monthly time series data spanning from January 2003 to December 2016. The selected urban markets were Bida, Minna and Kontagora, and their adjunct markets were Lafene, Zungeru and Manigi, respectively.
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The Economic Impact of Climate Change on Transportation Assets

Climate change is the statistical distribution changes of weather patterns when that change lasts for a long period. This paper aims to review economic wide effect of climate change on transportation assets. Climate change economically affects transportation by increasing maintenance, operation, rehabilitation, and repairmen costs of transportation infrastructure. Climate changes can also increase the cost of new transportation infrastructure due to higher climate adaptable design standards. It also accelerates infrastructure replacement costs. In addition to damage to transportation infrastructures, climate change can also indirectly cause loss of infrastructure service and activity disruption. Climate change also causes bring down travel times, higher cost choice required to address operational needs and accumulating yield for shipment when transport courses allow.
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Bioequivalence between two Prolonged Release Tablets of Desvenlafaxine Succinate in Healthy Subjects under Fasting and Fed Conditions

Bioavailability in different formulations of desvenlafaxine100 mg prolonged-release tablets was compared in two bioequivalence studies, one under fasting conditions and the other after a standard breakfast. Both studies were a single dose, randomized, open-label, two-period crossover, with Brazilian male and female healthy subjects. Blood samples were taken during 48 h and plasmatic concentrations were determined using a validated UPLC-MS/MS method.
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Lessons Learned from Diabetic Diets over the Last Centuries

For more than two millennia, healers and patients have tried to cure the symptoms of diabetes by dietary measures. These have changed with the advancing state of knowledge about this first mysterious, later puzzling disease. In the last 100 years, the introduction of insulin, oral antidiabetics and improved possibilities for self-control have changed and somewhat reduced the importance of special dietetic measures. Since patients with type 2-diabetes now suffer earlier and more severely from the consequences of the metabolic syndrome, they should choose a normal “prudent diet” to prevent or at least attenuate this fate.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Editorial Board Members Related to ETs

Alan Kilistoff

Clinical Professor
Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry
University of Alberta
Canada

Henry H. Y. Tong

Professor
School of Health Sciences
Macao Polytechnic Institute
Macau

Martin Michaelis

Professor of Molecular Medicine
Centre for Molecular Processing and School of Biosciences
University of Kent
United Kingdom

Anuradha Ratna

Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
USA

ALAA EL-DEEN BAKRY YASSIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Saudi Arabia

VILMA E. ORTIZ

Associate Anesthetist
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Massachusetts General Hospital
United States

Mandava Rajeswari

Professor
School of Computer Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia

Subash Sad

Professor
Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology and Immunology
University of Ottawa
Canada

Tamer El-Sayed Ali

Professor
Department of Oceanography
Alexandria University
Egypt

TIMUCIN UGURLU

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Marmara University
Turkey
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