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Articles Related to HIV

Enteric Pathogens in Patients with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome from Porto Velho City, Rondonia State, Western Amazon, Brazil

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), mainly those who live under poor sanitary and socioeconomic conditions, are often diagnosed with Gastrointestinal (GI) tract diseases. The lowest CD4+ T-cell counts are not found in the plasma, but in the GI tract, the biggest HIV source, thus allowing opportunistic infections. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify the epidemiological factors of GI infections and the prevalent pathogens in HIV patients from Porto Velho City, Rondônia State.
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HIV Screening Scenarios and Targets to Achieve 90% Sero-Status Knowledge Over 2021-2025 in Morocco – Pioneer Use Case of the Goals HIV Testing Strategies Model in a Concentrated Epidemic

Morocco applied the Goals testing model, projecting alternative testing scale-up scenarios, varying coverage targets for 13 adult populations. The model was calibrated using program service delivery, spending and surveillance data (2015-2019), integrated bio-behavioural surveys, and national HIV estimates. It projects annual diagnoses by target group from undiagnosed prevalence and testing coverage, allowing for HIV-infected people self-selecting for testing, retesting and transitions between groups. Scenarios were evaluated for knowledge status improvement and cost, focusing on 2023-2025.
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Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is considered a public health problem and its prevalence increases over the years, in Brazil. Currently, 37 million people are living with HIV and 4 million of these patients infected with the virus may have COPD. However, many of these cases may be underreported. In Brazil, these two clinical situations (HIV infection and COPD) have a high incidence, which causes a great expense for the public health, increased morbidity and mortality of these patients. We observed that, in the national literature, there is a gap on the association between these two scenarios.
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Indeterminate HIV Status during Pregnancy and Delivery: The Perinatal Dilemma

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Determinants of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Among Infants Born from HIV Positive Women in North Wollo Zone, North East Ethiopia: 2018, Case Control Study

HIV infection has a pandemic aspect and is extremely severe, making it one of the most important current public health problems.
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Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries Evidence from Nepal, Bangladesh, and India

Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk.
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HIV-Associated Oral Kaposi Sarcoma: Case Report and Literature Review

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative polymorfic disorder that might be associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. In this clinical form, oral manifestation is particularly common and, sometimes, the first manifestation of the retroviral infection. In those cases, KS diagnosis is fundamental as the treatment is based in HIV infection control through an advisable multidisciplinary approach.
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Tumour or Fungus? A Diagnostic Conundrum

Candida, a commensal of the oral and the vaginal cavity, sometimes turns invasive, in immunosuppressed individuals. The resultant lesion, known as invasive or aggressive candidiasis, can be extremely refractory to treatment. This is a case report of an ulcero proliferative lesion in the hard palate that mimicked an intra-oral neoplasm. The clinical picture was confused by the fact that the patient was a chain smoker, and also because the initial MRI images were strongly suggestive of an invasive malignancy. When clinical and radiological signs exactly mimic a malignancy, the picture is confusing.
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Stimulation of IL-16 Release by Cells Exposed to HIV Virion Proteins

The pathogenesis and immune response to a chronic viral infection is multifaceted especially for HIV infection. The effect of HIV on the systemic immunoenvironment of the infected individual is profound and triggered by multiple stimuli. While replication competent viral infection induces a large spectrum of immune responses, such as cytokine release, we focused on what happens when cells are exposed to replication incompetent virions and their components.
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Acceptability of Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling as an Intervention for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending at Public Health Facilities in Harar Town Eastern Ethiopia 2018

Accepting one’s HIV sero-status is a critical first step in preventing mother to child transmission of HIV. HIV counseling and testing provides an entry point to PMTCT services for pregnant women.
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Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Among General Practitioners in Health Facilities in Brazzaville in Republic of Congo

Despite the growing HIV burden, the disease continues to receive a relatively high public health priority in the Republic of Congo. To establish the knowledge, attitude, and practice on HIV/AIDS among general practitioners working in Brazzaville and to register their actual behavior in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample size was 35 General Practitioners. A self- administered questionnaire was used to collect data in a four-week period in August 2017. Selected at random, were asked to participate. The data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Program for EpiInfo.
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Stigma and Discriminatory Attitude towards People Living with HIV/AIDS among High School Students

In 1987, the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS identified three phases of the HIV/AIDS epidemic: the epidemic of HIV, the epidemic of AIDS, and the epidemic of stigma and discrimination. The report also notified that the third phase is a central issue to the global AIDS challenge and the disease itself. Despite continued multilateral efforts to tackle HIV/AIDS, stigma and discrimination remain among the most poorly understood aspects of the epidemic. In this paper, stigma and discriminatory attitude among high school students was assessed.
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Risky Sexual Practices among Adolescents Living with HIV Accessing HIV and AIDS Care Services at Health Facilities in the Central Region of Uganda

Adolescents living with HIV in Uganda are sexually active just like their uninfected peers. With the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the surviving population of adolescents prenatally infected with HIV is increasing and they are becoming sexually active.
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Pot Pourri - A Bundle of Findings

This 63 year old gentleman, known to suffer from retroviral disease for the past 12 years, first presented in 2011 with carcinoma of caecum, for which he underwent a radical right hemicolectomy. Following this, he presented with descending colon malignancy for which completion colectomy with ileo sigmoid anastomosis was performed (2013). In 2014 he had a right inguinal hernia for which total extraperitoneal hernioplasty was done (TEP) and a mesh tacked with the structures in the posterior wall of inguinal canal.
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Sustaining HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment Programmes for the Youths in Chipata Districts through Youth Leadership

Comprehensive HIV prevention information, access and utilization of Sexual and Reproductive Health(SRH) services, is low among the migrants mobile and displaced populations of our catchment area namely Katete, Chadiza and Chipata in district in the eastern province of Zambia. This is one of the provinces with a highest number of, migrants; sex workers truck drivers and cross border traders due to the economical Nacala corridors that bring the three countries namely Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique, also the traditional ceremonies that bring the three countries together each year has seen high numbers of people migrate between the three countries this has led to high numbers of STIs, HIV and unsafe abortions. Alcohol and substance abuse, peer pressure among this population.
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Editorial Board Members Related to HIV

GEORGE E. WOODY

Professor
Department of Psychiatry
University of Pennsylvania and Treatment Research Institute
United States

Helena Nunes Cabaco

Research associate
Institute of Molecular Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
University of Lisbon
Portugal

Xiaohong Kong

Professor
Medical & Molecular Virology Laboratory
Nankai University
China

Tzi Bun NG

Professor
School of Biomedical Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Yan Zhou

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Guangxi Medical University
China

Matthias Clauss

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
Indiana University
United States

Zafar K. Khan

Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Drexel University
United States

Gregory H. Taylor

Associate Professor
Department of Family Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States

Bruno Cotter

Associate Professor
Division of Cardiology
University of California
United States

Olga S. Latinovic

Assistant Professor
Institute of Human Virology
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States
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