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Articles Related to Iron

Ecological Risk Assessment of Desalination Plants Discharges on the Marine Environment Red Sea, Egypt

Desalination has become one of the main alternatives to compensate for water shortages. Although seawater desalination is expensive and has many environmental risks, it is still an important option to compensate for water shortages in Egypt. The discharge of liquid waste (especially heavy metals) from the station into the sea has a negative impact on the water, so the spatial distribution of heavy metals (lead, cadmium, and copper) shows high concentrations near the outlets of both AlQusayr and the port of Al-Qusayr. Hamata desalination plants in the southern Red Sea. As for higher quantities of heavy metals - higher than the standard values - such as (Cu, Pb, Cd), they are classified as seawater pollutants, whether they show evidence of toxicity or not. The study demonstrated that seaweed has bio-absorption properties and can effectively absorb heavy metals from the surrounding water, and thus it can serve as a bio-indicator in tools for monitoring the degree of pollution, as well as evaluating water desalination activities
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Transboundary Water Pollution in Ghana: Addressing the Environmental Footprint of Illegal Mining through Legal and Policy Solutions

In Ghana, where pristine waters once flowed freely, a dark tide of transboundary pollution casts a shadow. Illegal mining, a hydra-headed monster, spews its venom into rivers and streams, poisoning ecosystems and threatening communities across borders. This qualitative study, based on a meticulous analysis of 45 key papers, dives deep into the causes and consequences of this environmental scourge.
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Protected Viticulture for Sustainable Grape Production to Cope with the Adverse Effects of Climate Change

Grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are among the most commonly cultivated horticultural crops on the earth covering an area of 7.5 million hectares with around 70 million tons production. Grapes being highly nutritious are majorly utilized in making beverages or used as fresh and raisin. In today’s world, the most concerned topic in agriculture is continuous change in climatic conditions leading to several negative social, ecological, economical and biological problems. Grapes are delicate fruits, their vines are sensitive towards extremes in temperature, water, heat, duration and intensity of light exposure as well as carbon dioxide and humidity alterations. Hence, one can shift to drought and heat tolerant varieties and certain training and pruning methods suitable to the prevailing environmental conditions. Vineyard management practices, including farm mechanization can be amended for improving the gains, while reducing the input
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Acetylated Bovine Whey Supplement Superseded the Hepatoprotective Action of NAC Drug in Iron Overloaded Rats

In this study, prepared acetylated bovine whey (ABW) was tested as a highly efficient hepatoprotective agent like that of the old drug N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) against the induction of iron overloading (IO) in a rat model
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A Review of the Effects of Intensive Poultry Production on the Environment and Human Health

Poultry farming is widely recognized as a highly efficient technique of animal husbandry, contributing significantly to the nutritional security of a substantial portion of the global population. The application of contemporary intensive farming methods has facilitated a notable increase in global production, which has reached a substantial quantity of 137.8 million tons in the year 2021. This upward trajectory has been consistently observed over successive years. However, these aggressive growth tactics result in a substantial environmental impact. The appropriate management of waste items, such as poultry litter and manure, is crucial due to their potential to significantly impact both environmental and human health. The emissions of ammonia, nitrous oxide, and methane are associated with poultry production and the disposal of its waste by-products. These emissions have significant implications for global greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the well-being of both animals and humans
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Which Blood Group is More Anemic: Five Years of Retrospective Experience

The relationship between blood groups and diseases has been a subject of interest for many researchers. This study aims to investigate the susceptibility of each blood group to anemia based on the relationship between the erythrocyte indices and the biochemical parameters used to diagnose anemia.
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Explorations of the Combined Effects of Surface Energy, Initial Stress and Nonlocality on the Dynamic Behaviour of Carbon Nanotubes Conveying Fluid Resting on Elastic Foundations in a Thermo-Magnetic Environment

The vibrations of carbon nanotubes under the influences of various internal and external forces have been subjects of interests for some years. These researches have not really considered the effects of surface energy and initial stress which are very important from both material and mechanical aspects of views. Therefore, the current study presents the simultaneous impacts of surface energy, initial stress and nonlocality and other various parameters on the nonlinear vibration of carbon nanotube hot fluid-conveying resting on elastic foundations in a magnetic environment. The derived equations governing the behaviours are solved using Galerkin’s decomposition-Adomian decomposition method is adopted to explore the concurrent impacts of surface elasticity, initial stress, residual surface tension and nonlocality on the nonlinear vibration of singlewalled carbon conveying nanotube resting on linear and nonlinear elastic foundation and operating in a thermo-magnetic environment
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Tackling Aggravated Climatic Civil and Meteorological Aviation Weather Challenges Through Technology Transmission (Tacmwc

The paper will be discussed the forthcoming natural and manmade catastrophic events. One day which may affect our Natural Eco – System and its existing Air – Environments’ Climatic Weather Aviation Meteorological Challenges Changing Conditions/ Occurrences, which are abruptly degrading air quality index (AQI) day by day, due to the generation of the Contaminated/ Polluted Constituents/ Black Carbon Soot Particles Emission in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous substances Whole Around the GLOBE at Local, Regional and Worldwide Scale. Detailed project Kurkuti – Ghamsali – Niti Highway explored for civil engineering highway construction may influence on various types of meteorological weather parameters/ proceedings during the construction highways’ road network. The promotion of cleaner, climate – friendly technologies and improved environmental management practices for enhanced livelihood sustainability and fostering resilience requires resources, which are fast – tracking speedily and all have strong interlinks/ connections through highway roads networks in civil engineering/ buildings/ industries producing anthropogenic substance in natural eco – system and its environment as depicted in Figure 1: Scheme Accomplishment Purposes and Judgment Creation Effort – Lifespan Progression…!!! Through Technology Transmission (T3 Formula…!!)
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Unfolded Protein Response in Cereals, A Dynamic Signaling Pathway Involved in Response to Environmental Stresses

Stress of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is induced by the accumulation of misfolded proteins in this organelle. It can be triggered by biotic and abiotic stress (particularly heat), but also by chemical treatments (such as DTT and tunicamycin) at a laboratory scale. To respond to this stress, various cellular mechanisms are involved, including the highly conserved protein repair pathway, the UPR (Unfolded Protein Response). This pathway aims to restore protein homeostasis in cells. In cereals, seed storage proteins (SSP) represent one of the characteristics that determine grain quality and are of great interest to agriculture. Unlike dicots, the dynamics of the UPR induction pathway in monocots are poorly documented in the literature.
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Clinico - Etiological and Hematological Profile of Severe Anemia in Pediatric Population Aged 1-13 Years at A Tertiary Care Cent

This study is an attempt to emphasize the prevalence of severe anemia in pediatric age group and characterize different clinical and Hematological findings among them. Anemia is a major global health problem, especially in developing countries like India, despite the fact that this problem is largely preventable & easily treatable. It leads to morbidity and mortality in children and establish a public health problem of substantial importance.
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Effect of Familial Environment on Handwritings

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Temperature Variation on Sulphur Removal from Laterite Nickel Leaching Residue and Iron Extraction

Nickel production for electric vehicle batteries increases by 30% every year. As the country with the most nickel production in 2021, Indonesia will operate six nickel refining plants with High-pressured acid leaching technology and one development of Step Temperature Acid Leach technology. Problems arise with many hydrometallurgical-based nickel refining plants where the leach residue will continue to accumulate and potentially pollute the soil environment. Lateritic nickel leach residue has a high Fe content reaching 44.45% in the form of hematite and an S content of around 1.3%. Besides, demand growth in the iron and steel industry is greater than the availability of its raw materials. Thus, secondary sources for raw materials for the iron and steel industry are needed. The maximum S content for steel raw materials is 0.1%, so the sulfur content in leach residue must be removed. This research focuses on removing sulfur content in lateritic nickel leach residue by roasting at a temperature of 500 °C until 1100 °C. The experiment was continued with reduction roasting at various temperature profiles. The reduced phase of the roasted leach residue sample is then compared with the reduced phase of the initial leach residue sample. Sulfur content decreases with increasing roasting temperature. Sulfur content reaches ~0% at a roasting temperature of 1100 °C. The optimum initial sample reductive roasting temperature of lateritic nickel leach residue was 1400 °C with 95.9% Fe content and 0.1% S in metal. The optimum reductive roasting temperature for 1100 °C roasted samples was 1200 °C with 94.6% Fe content and 0% S. Roasting treatment can reduce the optimum temperature for the reduction roasting process.
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Pollutant Emissions of Vehicle Tyres and Pavement in Real Driving Conditions

Non-exhaust road transport emissions, particularly tyre-pavement abrasion, contribute to poor air quality. This original work is on particle emissions caused by tyre-pavement abrasion in real driving conditions in urban, suburban and motorway areas. The collected data were analyzed according to the size, the number and chemical identification. Multivariate analysis provided clusters of size and chemical elements. Results showed the predominant particles (diameter φ < 1 μm and φ ε]1-2 μm]) for urban and suburban experiments, and ]1- 3 μm] on motorways. A confirmed shift phenomenon at the close-to-the-source showed particles of large sizes [5- 10 μm]. The obtained clusters were: 1. Aluminosilicate, iron compounds, silicate free of aluminum (70%). 2. Ferrosilicon, silica, compounds of calcium, manganese, iron oxide, compounds of aluminum, sulfur, copper and zinc (29%). 3. A mix of various traces (1%). This paper will contribute to the development of new green technologies dedicated to improving sustainable road transport.
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Development of a Global Ergonomic Index Based on MSDs Risks, Psycho-Social Factors and the Work Environment: Case of a Clothing Company

The clothing industry is a field full of occupational diseases such as MSDs which are widely recognized in the wrists, hands, elbows, neck and lower back due to poor posture. Several studies have emphasized the importance of preventive actions to reduce the risk of occupational diseases.
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Antibiotics in Lebanese Surface Waters: Estimation of Population Exposure and Identification of High-Risk Drugs

The evaluation of the environmental risk of antibiotics and their byproducts is an important topic around the world viewing the increase of use of antibiotics and the absence of conventional water treatment plants. The objective of the study is to determine the consumption of antibiotics and evaluate their potential health hazard as contaminants of the Lebanese surface waters. Data of 704 antibiotics consumed in 2019 were provided by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH).
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Editorial Board Members Related to Iron

Monique Mancuso

Coastal Marine Environment Institute (IAMC)
National Research Council (CNR)

Andrés Rodríguez Seijo

Department of Plant Biology and Soil Science
Faculty of Sciences - University of Vigo

Lan Zhou

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
Case Western Reserve University
United States

Emmanouil Malandrakis

Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment
University of Thessaly

Agnieszka Alicja Karczmarczyk

Assistant professor
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Warsaw University of Life Sciences

A. Wallace Hayes

Emory University
United States

Adriana Estokova

Head of Department of Material Engineering
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Institute of Environmental Engineering


Department of Anatomy and Embryology
King Abdulaziz University
Saudi Arabia

Pierre Deviche

Professor of Environmental Physiology
School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University


Centre for Energy Studies
SRM University
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