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Articles Related to MS

Cytological Effect of Viral Infection Associated with Yellow Streak Symptoms on Agave Tequilana

Yellow streak, ring spot and mottle symptoms were observed on young Agave tequilana (agave azul) plants cultivated in commercial nurseries in the state of Jalisco, Mexico. These symptoms have been associated with those possibly caused by an unknown virus. Mechanical inoculation of a host range and serological tests (ELISA) failed to demonstrate the viral nature of agave yellow streak. However, observations made on ultrathin sections of agave tissues with symptoms under a transmission electron microscope showed the consistent presence of flexible rod-shaped virus particles in the cytoplasm and chloroplasts, damage to chloroplasts, and formation of different types of globose membranous inclusions not observed in tissues from healthy plants. Moreover, analysis of Sanger’s sequences of nucleic acid and amino acids from amplicons obtained by RTPCR assays of symptomatic agave plants showed the infections of an unknown virus species of the Order Tymovirales
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Nutritional Value and Chemical Composition of Selected Fodders; Feed Intervention in Smallholder Dairy Farms in Kenya

This study evaluated the nutritional value and chemical composition of five selected fodder; Boma Rhodes, lucerne, greenleaf Desmodium, chicory, and sweet potato vines which were collected from three geographically distinct regions: Bomet, Nyandarua, and Nyeri, and taken for chemical analysis in the Animal Nutrition laboratory in Animal Science department at Egerton University. These fodder species were analysed for their proximate composition, metabolisable energy, and van Soest composition. All these analyses were done on a dry matter basis. All these results were analysed at P<0.05. The results revealed significant variations in the nutritional profiles of these diets across the three regions. Bomet exhibits specific trends in crude protein and dry matter, while Nyandarua showcases variability in ether extract and total ash content. Nyeri emphasises differences in crude protein and ash content. These findings provide valuable insights into the regional variations in the chemical composition of fodder, highlighting the importance of tailoring dietary strategies for livestock based on the local environment. The study contributes to the existing literature by offering a comprehensive analysis of the nutritional value of common livestock diets in diverse regions, aiding farmers and researchers in optimizing animal nutrition and enhancing overall agricultural practices
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Characterizations of Cu2FeSnSe4 Thin Films Synthesized from Nanoparticles Powder

Cu2FeSnSe4 (CFTSe) thin film were synthesized on glass substrate by thermal evaporation method at Ts=400° C, starting from elemental powders mixed by a mechanical alloying process. The structural, morphological, compositional, optical and electrical properties of CFTSe semiconductor have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) and Van Der Pauw technique, respectiv
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Immunity to Anaplasma marginale and Recent Advances in Vaccine Development

Anaplasma marginale is the etiological agent of bovine anaplasmosis, one of the most prevalent tick-borne diseases of cattle in tropical and subtropical regions that causes significant economic losses to cattle industry. Cattle that survive infection remain persistently infected for life. Immunity against A. marginale infection seems to require both humoral and cellular mechanisms. Antibodies against A. marginale neutralize bacteria by interacting with Major Surface Proteins (MSPs). For this reason, MSPs are believed to be one of the best candidate antigens for vaccine development. Research carried out in the last few years has helped us to understand the antigenic composition of A. marginale and to develop new potential vaccine formulations. Desirable bovine anaplasmosis vaccine must induce protective immunity as well as prevent infection and transmission
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Comparative Assessment of De Novo Genome Assemblers for Generating Eukaryotic Primary Genome Assembly from Short Reads

Ameya Santhosh, Rani Alex, Vikas Vohra (2023) Comparative Assessment of De Novo Genome Assemblers for Generating Eukaryotic Primary Genome Assembly from Short Reads. J Comp Sys Bio 6(1): 101
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Socio-Economic and Health Status of Rag Pickers in the Dump Site of Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopia

A cross sectional survey on socio economic and health status among randomly selected rag pickers in the dump site of Mekelle city was done during 2020. The study showed that all rag pickers were 19 to 25 years old males; 60% of them were educated up to secondary level
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Bioequivalence Studies of Two Formulations of Rivaroxaban 10 Mg Coated Tablets under Fasting Conditions and 20 Mg Coated Tablets Under Fed and Fast Conditions And its Pharmacokinetic Comparison In Healthy Subjects

Justificative: This trial was conducted in order to register a new generic product of Rivaroxaban. Objective: To evaluate the bioequivalence of rivaroxaban formulations manufactured by Eurofarma Laboratórios S/A and the reference drug, Xarelto (Bayer) under fasting and fed conditions. Methods: Three randomized, open label, balanced, 2 treatments, 4 periods, 2 sequences, single dose, full replicate, crossover studies in 48 healthy adult human subjects under fed and fasting conditions for rivaroxaban 10 mg and 20 mg. Rivaroxaban concentrations in plasma were determined using a validated HPLC-MS/MS method.
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Association of ACE I/D rs4646994 and ACE2 rs2285666 Receptor Gene Polymorphisms with SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Bangladeshi People

Covid-19 caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which hit the world in December 2019 is one of the worst medical emergencies people have ever encountered. Human angiotensin I converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the entry path of this virus to the host that regulates the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Hypothesis: Susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection may be affected by ACE rs4646994 and ACE2 rs2285666 polymorphisms.
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Review on Transdermal Drug Delivery System-Focus on Innovative 2 Transdermal Dosage Forms

The transdermal drug delivery system is technique that provides drug through the intact skin. Skin penetration enhancement techniques have been developed to increase the bioavailability of drug substance. These review describes various transdermal patches available in market, types of patches, basic components, polymer used in formulation. The novel drug delivery method do well and complete with those already on the market the main problem that requires consideration include device design and safety, efficacy, ease of handling and economical. Transdermal drug delivery system represent the most attractive method among these because of its low rejection rate, magnificent, ease of administration and better convenience and compliance with patient. This review article provide an overview of transdermal drug delivery system contains various innovative dosage forms. In comparison transdermal patch are effective due to its easy to apply and non-invasive.
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Improving Existing Waste Management Practices: Comparing the Effectiveness of Recycling Systems Between a Private International School and a Public School

Despite Taiwan’s title as one of the most efficient recycling systems, individual recycling habits contribute to these efficient recycling systems. Despite Taiwan’s successful strategy of demolishing waste through incineration, improper recycling at a grassroots level, such as students’ municipal solid waste recycling habits, result in recycling contamination, and improper waste recycling could lead to the release of toxic fumes into the atmosphere. This study compares the recycling practices and recycle bin setups of a public school and a private international school to determine important factors that could contribute to decreasing waste recycled improperly. The results show that immediate feedback if a student recycled improperly as well as clear recycling signs were essential factors to decrease recycling mistakes.
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Review on MALDI TOF MS: Modern Disease Diagnosis Approaches in Microbiology and its Mechanism

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become a widely used technique for the rapid, accurate, durable, economical, and trustworthy method for identification of bacteria, mycobacteria and fungal pathogens in the microbiology laboratory.
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Bioequivalence Study of Two 80 Mg Valsartan Tablets Formulations in Healthy Chinese Subjects Under Fasting and Fed Condition

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the bioavalability between the two 80 mg Valsartan Tablets formulations and to evaluate the bioequivalence of Reference and Test formulations of Valsartan Tablets 80 mg in Healthy adult chinese Male and Female subjects under Fasting and Fed condition.
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Bismuth Mass Fraction Determination in Thin Films by an ICP-AES Validated Method and Uncertainty Estimation

This paper covers the validation and measurement uncertainty evaluation of an ICP-AES method for bismuth mass fraction determination in bismuth sulfide thin films. Plasma view at radial mode and the wavelength were monitored for bismuth at 223.061 nm. Following AFNOR (Association Française de Normalisation) Norm NFT 90-210 (2009), a regression equation was calculated using single element bismuth standard solution prepared in the same matrix as samples. The linear range was between 0.2 and 2.0 mg L−1. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were calculated as 0.03 and 0.12 mg L−1, respectively. Recovery percentages were ranging between 91 and 109 %. Accuracy was found to be adequate. Estimated expanded uncertainty according to both GUM and EURACHEM guides was 3.1 %.
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Mucoadhesive Drug Delivery Systems-An Overview

The term mucoadhesion can be defined as a phenomenon of interfacial molecular attractive forces in the layer of surface of a biological membrane and the natural or synthetic polymer, which allows the polymer to the adhere the surface of that membrane for an extended as well prolonged period of time. Since the last four decades, the conception of mucoadhesion has achieved a important precious interest in the various fields of pharmaceutics
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The Management of Wetlands in Ghana as a Compliance to the Ramsar Convention

The Government of Ghana recognizes the importance of wetlands as a habitat for wildlife, in the maintenance of the water table, mitigation of flood conditions, and water purification. Wetlands resources are also known to be of socio-economic importance and have been harvested for construction poles, fuel-wood, timber for furniture, and craftwork
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to MS

Walter J. Lukiw

Professor
Neurology, Neuroscience and Ophthalmology
Louisiana State University
United States

John A. St. Cyr

Medical-Surgical Consultant
Physiological Research Laboratories/Medtronic Inc USA

Zeljko Jaksic

Associate Professor
Ruđer Bošković Institute
Center for marine Research Rovinj
Croatia

Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar

Assistant Professor
Department of otorhinolaryngology
Zagazig University
Egypt

Qiyong Gong

Professor and Director
Huaxi MR Research Center
Department of Radiology
West China Hospital of Sichuan University
China

Syed Mohammed Shamsul Islam

Lecturer
Computing and Security
School of Science
Edith Cowan University
Australia

Martin Michaelis

Professor
Department of Cell Biology
University of Kent
United Kingdom

Yalin Wu

Professor
Department of pharmaceutics
Zhejiang University
China

Khue Vu Nguyen

Department of Medicine and Pediatrics
University if California
USA

Hong Zhu

Associate Professor
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
United States
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