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Articles Related to Nutrition

Prevalence and Determinants of Stunting and Wasting Among Under-Five-Aged Children in North Gondar Zone, Northern Ethiopia

Undernutrition is a leading cause of disease susceptibility, morbidity, and mortality in children. It is manifested in the form of stunting and wasting. Wasting is an acute form of undernutrition that indicates a recent food shortage and/or infectious diseases that lead to rapid and severe weight loss. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of stunting and wasting among under-five-aged children of displaced families in the North Gondar Zone. A cross-sectional study design was conducted from January to March 2022 among the under-five-aged children of the displaced family. A total of 205 randomly selected under-five-aged children from the displaced families were included in the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, and the instrument was adopted from a previous study. Anthropometric measurements were carried out to determine the status of stunting and wasting. A bivariable and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to find the factors associated with stunting and wasting. The prevalence of stunting and wasting among under-five-aged children was 26.2% and 18.7%, respectively. Out of the risk factors considered in the present study, age (AOR = 3.54; 95% CI: 0.2–3.54), family monthly income (AOR = 3.6; 95% CI: 1.3–7.5), eating only two meals per day (AOR = 2.8; 95% CI: 1.0–6.2), and not eating farm animal products (AOR = 2.2; 95% CI: 0.5–1.61) were important risk factors associated with stunting. In the other way, age, family monthly income, and eating only two meals per day were significant predictors of wasting. The result showed that the prevalence is severe in the study area. Therefore, the government should work on children under two years of age, take action to solve the nutritional issues, and encourage families with low monthly incomes to eat animal products at least once a week and nutritious food at least three times a day
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Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Mothers Towards Iycf and Uptake of Integrated Nutrition Intervention Package in Rwanda

Childhood stunting is one of the most significant obstacles to human development and the path to prevention is virtually identical. An integration of nutrition‐specific and nutrition‐sensitive intervention was implemented by a program named Gikuriro in five districts of Rwanda to improve maternal and child nutrition. The package included nutrition education and counselling, promotion of agricultural productivity, economic empowerment activities, and provision of Water, Hygiene and Sanitation services
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Assessment of Nutritional Support and its Correlation with Outcome of Critically Ill Children

Malnutrition is a major challenge in caring for critically ill children. Therefore we aimed to assess the nutritional status in critically ill pediatrics. Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out on180 children admitted into Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of Menoufia University Hospital. Clinical examination performed including anthropometric measurement, screening for malnutrition risk using Pediatric Yorkhill Malnutrition Score (PYMS) and determination of disease severity by Pediatric Risk of Mortality score (PRISM)
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Which Blood Group is More Anemic: Five Years of Retrospective Experience

The relationship between blood groups and diseases has been a subject of interest for many researchers. This study aims to investigate the susceptibility of each blood group to anemia based on the relationship between the erythrocyte indices and the biochemical parameters used to diagnose anemia.
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Food Habits and Factors Affecting Food Intake Among College Students in Kuwait

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess food habits among college students at Kuwait University (KU) utilizing a written questionnaire, targeting first year to higher education level regardless of age. Participants were recruited from different colleges (n=678) (73%, females, and 27% males) with a response rate of 98.8%. Data showed that 48.6% buy their foods from campus, and 38.2% of them eat in college daily. The taste was the most influential factor that is affecting food choices (53.7%), while only 2.9% of students considered cost as an important element
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A Web-Based Nutrition Education Study in Alabama Black-Belt Counties During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Overweight and obesity continue to be health-related issues in Alabama Black-Belt Counties with rates ranging from 35 to 48%. We aimed to determine the impact of a web-based nutrition education and physical activity intervention on participants’ health in Alabama Black Belt counties during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nutrition education was delivered to participants through a zoom online platform for 12 weeks. Participants’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices as well as changes in nutrition knowledge, anthropometry, and blood pressure were determined through online surveys. Of the participants, (100%) indicated that overweight and obesity are a result of unhealthy lifestyles, whereas 90.7% reported that obesity increased the risk of high blood pressure (90.7%), diabetes (86.04%), and heart disease (90.7%). Results showed that participants’ income was a significant determinant of their perception for the role of schools in fighting obesity (χ2=0.04). Similarly, data revealed that the age of participants was a significant factor for: their desire to learn more about obesity (χ2=0.04), perception of their knowledge of overweight and obesity compared to the average person (χ2=0.01), and the perception that they had an excellent knowledge of overweight and obesity (χ2=0.05). There were significant improvements in knowledge scores. Results showed a significant decline in waist circumference (p<0.001) and hip circumference (p<0.02); 60% of the participants showed a decline in bodyweight; 43% lost more than 1-5kg, while 9.8% maintained their baseline weight. Web-based virtual interactions may effectively substitute or complement face-face nutrition education and lead to a reduction of overweight and obesity in Alabama Black-Belt counties.
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PSII Photosystem Protection by Soil Amendment with Biochar and Adequate Nitrogen Fertilizer Availability Attenuate Cadmium Induced-Photoinhibition and Phytotoxicity in Solanum Lycopersicon

The aim of this research was to assess the biochar ability to protect the photosynthesis process face to Cd contamination, especially, when nitrogen fertilizer was added at adequate amount. Culture of tomato seedlings was conducted on pots containing soil added with different portion of biochar (0, 3.5 and 7%) and nitrogen (3 or 6g NH4NO3). Irrigation was done by water (control condition) or Cd solution (150µM). Data showed that regardless presence of Cd, synchronously addition of high nitrogen fertilizer (6g) and biochar (7%) in the culture medium resulted in fresh matter production, photosynthetic pigment (Chlorophyll a) and mineral elements content enhancement. Similar observation was shown concerning the mineral nutrition (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contents).
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Impact of the Prognostic Nutritional Index on Quality of Life of Terminal Cancer Patients

When cancer is terminal and cancer-directed therapy has no value, the goal of treatment is to improve the quality of life (QoL). The current work proposed to assess the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) on QoL in patients with terminal cancer
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Under Nutrition among People Aged 60 and Over in Southern Benin

The physical appearance of older people in the commune of Ouidah seems to be correlated with the economic level of the people. However, it is now clear that the nutritional status of older people is a key element for natural ageing and improved quality of life. Objective: To identify the factors associated with undernutrition among people aged 60 years and over in the commune of Ouidah in southern Benin. Methods: This was a cross-sectional analytical survey that took place between May and June 2020 and involved older people aged 60 and over selected by cluster sampling using a questionnaire and an interview guide. Their sociodemographic characteristics, health status, diet and the health system in their environment were explored.
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In Vitro Digestibility and Gas Production from E. crus-pavonis used in Wetlands from Domestic Wastewater Treatment

In order to evaluate the possibilities of valorisation as feed of the plant biomass produced during wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands, a study of the in vitro digestibility and gas production of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was carried out in the Laboratory of Animal Production and Nutrition of the University of Dschang. The in vitro digestibility of Echinochloa crus-pavonis was evaluated at different harvesting periods
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Nutrition State and Fertilization of Fusarium Wilt Resistant Banana (Zhongjiao No. 9)

To apply fertilizer rationally during promotion of Zhongjiao No.9 being a fusarium wilt resistant new variety, dry matter (DM) and NPK in four organs of the banana were tested. Average fresh and dry weight (FW and DW) of No.9 were 145.35±6.42 and 18.18± 0.70 kg plant-1.
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Nutritional Status and Cognitive Value of Egg White, Egg Yolk Whole Egg based Complementary Food

Prominent among animal proteins, Eggs are one of the only foods that naturally contain vitamin D and Choline, that are essential for normal physiology, psychology reasoning and functioning of all children cells, but particularly important during pregnancy to support healthy brain development of the foetus and it is liking to a Mothers ‘breast milk.
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Nutrition Intervention of Patient with Chronic Kidney Disease (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis

We report the case of 27 years old, female patient suffering from CKD (Stage 4) on Maintenance Hemodialysis. Dietary intervention was tailored for her using her past medical history and dietary intake. The dietary interventions were planned in 4 steps for 12 weeks that included nutritionally adequate food intake, Increase frequency of meals, modification & improvement in food preparation techniques, provision of educational material related to diet in dialysis.
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Physico-Chemical, Nutritional Evaluation, Haematology of Water and Amaranth Vegetable Leaves

Vegetables are important protective food and highly benefi¬cial for the maintenance of human health and prevention of disease. The purpose of the research was to determine the Physico- chemical, nutritional evaluation, haematology of water and amaranth vegetable leaves. The composition of the Diets were as follows: Basal 50 %, Casein 30 %, Amaranth Vegetable 10 % (1).
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Construct Validity and Reliability of a Knowledge, Attitude, Perception, and Behaviors on Dietary Practices Questionnaire for School-Age Children in Panama

The study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish questionnaire to assess nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors (KAPB) for use among school-aged children aged (6 - 10 years) in Panama.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Nutrition

Younes Chorfi

Associate Professor
Department of Veterinary Biomedicine
University of Montreal
Canada

VICTORIA J VIEIRA-POTTER

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology
University of Missouri
United States

Karim Ennouri

Assistant Professor
Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Sfax
Tunisia

MING-JEN CHEN

Assistant Professor
Division of Gastroenterology
Department of Internal Medicine
Mackay Medical College
Taiwan

ALI H. MOKDAD

Professor of Global Health
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
University of Washington
United States

PUNAM OHRI-VACHASPATI

Associate Professor
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Jacque Nyenhuis

Assistant Professor
Nutrition and Exercise Sciences
St. Catherine University
United States

Shiamala Devi Ramaiya

Department of Crop Science
Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Malaysia

YUNBO LI

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
United States

Tracey Ledoux

Assistant Professor
Department of Health and Human Performance
University of Houston
United States
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