Articles Related to RCT
A Case Report of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction With Non-Obstructive Coronary Artery Disease: an Economical and Beneficial Investigative Algorithm
Myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a puzzling clinical entity, coupled with potential multiple pathophysiological mechanisms, often makes disease classification, investigation and management difficult. Despite presence of myocardial damage and increased risk for the future, many patients are discharged undiagnosed, thus the specific cause is not effectively treated.
A total of 2090 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 63 cases of acute myocardial infarction combined with ventricular septal perforation were collected from Fuwai Huazhong Cardiovascular Hospital from September 2017 to January 2021. 189 cases of type 1 acute myocardial infarction were randomly selected according to the ratio of 1:3 as a control group, the patients collected and analyzed clinical data, the risk factors of AMI and VSR.
Cardio-Vascular Outcome Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy beyond 12 Months Following Drug Eluting Stent Implantation - Real World Scenario
In spite of recommendation for antiplatelet therapy following drug eluting stent (DES) implantation, the prescription for antiplatelet therapy in real world clinical practice varies from centre to centre as per physician discretion. The study was intended to assess the cardiovascular outcomes and bleeding complications of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) beyond 12 months following DES implantation.
Decompressive Hemicraniectomy for Malignant Middle Cerebral Artery at the Regional University Hospital of Besançon, France: Mortality and Functional Outcome at Six Months and 12 Months
Malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery territory is a serious clinical form with a mortality rate of approximately 80%. Several large studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of decompressive hemicraniectomy in reducing mortality and functional impairment following malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery. The aim of this work was to assess the mortality and functional prognosis of patients who underwent decompressive hemicraniectomy surgery for malignant infarction of the middle cerebral artery from 2009 to May 2016 at the Regional University Hospital of Besançon.
Hemoglobin SC Disease with COVID-19 Presenting with Multiple Infarcts and Acute Splenic Sequestration Crises
Hb SC disease is a type of hemoglobinopathy that can be viewed as a hybrid of hemoglobin S and C. In this disorder there is co-inheritance of one Hbs gene and one HbC gene resulting in a milder phenotype than sickle cell anemia (SCA). Whereas SCA clinical features have been extensively studied, very few studies have been dedicated specifically to HbSC disease as most cases are reported to be silent or of mild severity. As the pandemic continues to evolve with the novel Sars-CoV-2 virus we have learned it can lead to thrombotic complications which could be fatal if not detected early. Of those requiring admission to the intensive care unit, most carry multiple comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes mellitus etc.) leading to worse clinical outcomes. Here, we present a case of a young adult patient with silent hemoglobin SC disease who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 leading to multiple infarcts, splenic sequestration and respiratory failure. The concurrence of a hemoglobinopathy and COVID-19 should warrant heightened clinical suspicion for unusual outcomes. Hence, providers must remain vigilant while treating any patient with any hemoglobinopathy in the setting of COVID-19.
The term Myocardial infarction signifies sudden necrosis or death of a portion of cardiac muscle due to an inadequate blood supply. Myocardial infarction results from prolonged myocardial coronary thrombus at the site of a preexisting atherosclerotic stenosis. The major cause of acute myocardial infarction is atherosclerosis. It is three to four times more frequent among men than w]omen.
The Impact of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy in Lewy Body Dementia: A Neuropathological Study with Magnetic Resonance Imaging Correlations
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is frequently associated to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) but can also occur in Lewy body dementia (LBD). The present post-mortem study compares the incidence and the topographic distribution of small cerebrovascular lesions in LBD brains without and with severe CAA (LBD-CAA).
Health-Related Quality of life of Complete versus Infarct artery-only Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization in Multi-vessel Disease with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
The aim of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by the EQ-5D (European quality of life-5 dimensions) self-report questionnaire in patients treated with complete revascularization versus infarct artery-only revascularization at index admission.
Superior Mesenteric Artery Embolus as a Delayed Complication of a Cocaine Induced Myocardial Infarction
Cocaine has acute and chronic effects on health as well as addiction and dependence and places a significant burden on healthcare systems. After cannabis, it is the most frequently used illicit drug worldwide. It is estimated that between 14 and 21 million people use the drug each year . Its main adverse effects occur in the cardiovascular system. Cocaine causes sympathomimetic actions such as tachycardia, hypertension and coronary artery constriction due to enhancement of release of catecholamines. It enhances thrombus formation by activating platelets and potentiating thromboxane production . The consequences of these effects include chest pain, myocardial infarction, aortic dissection, coronary artery aneurysm, myocarditis, cardiomyopathies and arrhythmias. Our case demonstrates a young patient who had a delayed presentation of a myocardial infarction, in the setting of recent cocaine use that was complicated by an apical thrombus which resulted in distal emboli to his superior mesenteric artery and left renal artery. It highlights the fact that in a young patient with no other risk factors how complications may arise, even weeks after cocaine use.
Although dental implants have been a successful option for replacement of lost dentition for nearly five decades, their use in the medical and dental treatment plan is still in its youth. Literature on the medical implications of dental implants is surprisingly sparse, with a need for organization. This review is an attempt to begin the process of documenting the science behind this complex, yet critical topic.
Investigate the use of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in cancer patients with heart failure (HF); assess factors associated with ischemic and non-ischemic HF. Many newer cancer therapies are cardiotoxic; thus, the incidence of HF has been increasing in this high-risk patient population. CRT has beneficial effects on morbidity, mortality, and left ventricular function in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, yet cancer patients and survivors who develop severe HF and are eligible for CRT often does not receive it.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is one of the 3 well-established modalities of renal replacement therapy used in patients with renal failure. Despite its significant role as a successful method of renal replacement therapy, PD is highly associated with peritonitis and catheter-related infections.
Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Pioglitazone (PIO) is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus and there is some evidence that it may improve ventricular function in diabetic patients.
Could Non-Linear Heart Rate Variability Analysis of Short RR Intervals Series Give Clinically Valuable Information in Heart Disease?
New analytic methods based on nonlinear system theory have been developed to characterize the nonlinear features in HR dynamics. It is known from long time series (24h ECG recordings) that patients with chronic heart failure or stable coronary heart disease have altered fractal organization in heartbeat dynamics. During such long-time series, many confounding could limit the assessment of autonomic functions.
Editorial Board Members Related to RCT
Department of Biomedical Institute for Regenerative Research
Texas A&M University
Texas A&M University
Neuroscience and Cell Biology
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Neuroscience and Cell Biology
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School