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Articles Related to RIE

On the Self-Organization of Dielectric Barrier Discharges

The present paper contains experimental analysis of the spatiotemporal structure of atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) in a packet-pulse excitation mode widely used as an effective tool for plasma modification of various media. The motivation is the need to optimize the conditions for DBD plasma obtaining with a homogeneous diffuse structure. It is shown that for a discharge gap of the millimeter range (1–3 mm) in atmospheric air, under certain conditions, a number of new plasma phenomena are possible - the effects of an increase in the density (total number) of filamentary discharges over time, both unchanged and with a decrease in the area of the filaments, as well as the formation of complex space-time structures. An interpretation of this phenomenon is proposed. Homogeneous diffuse discharges are obtained in a standard electrode configuration with a single dielectric
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Examine Vaping Behavior, Perception and Experience of E-cigarette Smokers in Bangladesh: A Cross Sectional Study During Covid 19

In the past few years, E-cigarettes (or vaping) are getting the popularity among the youth in Bangladesh. This is critical as it may lead to an increase in the number of smokers in future. The study aimed to identify the trend of E-cigarette smoking, habitual pattern of E-cigarette smokers, and their perception and experiences of health hazards. A cross-sectional mixed methods study was conducted from April to November 2020 in Dhaka and Chittagong cities. A total of 370 E-cigarette smoker aged 18 and above years, were surveyed face-to-face using a semi-structured questionnaire
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Sugarcane Agro-Industrial Health and Safety with Particular Focus on Sudan: A Systematic Literature Review

Sugarcane is a vital cash crop grown in about 200 tropical and sub-tropical countries around the world. Due to its high rates of occupational diseases, accidents, and fatalities the agro industry is regarded as one of the most hazardous industries despite being one of the essential sectors globally regarding food supply and workforce. Most of the world's cane sugar crop is produced In Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC), such as Sudan, where agriculture and farming are still the main sources of income and managing occupational health and safety is challenging
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A Single-Center Experience in Alport Syndrome

Alport Syndrome is a hereditary condition that affects the collagen in the basement membrane and is characterized by microscopic hematuria, sensorineural hearing loss, increasing renal dysfunction, and ocular abnormalities. It is more common between the ages of 20 and 30. Men and women are equally affected. However, the prognosis of men is worse than women due to renal failure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the demographic and clinical findings of patients with Alport Syndrome in our center
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Which Blood Group is More Anemic: Five Years of Retrospective Experience

The relationship between blood groups and diseases has been a subject of interest for many researchers. This study aims to investigate the susceptibility of each blood group to anemia based on the relationship between the erythrocyte indices and the biochemical parameters used to diagnose anemia.
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Tackling Aggravated Climatic Civil and Meteorological Aviation Weather Challenges Through Technology Transmission (Tacmwc

The paper will be discussed the forthcoming natural and manmade catastrophic events. One day which may affect our Natural Eco – System and its existing Air – Environments’ Climatic Weather Aviation Meteorological Challenges Changing Conditions/ Occurrences, which are abruptly degrading air quality index (AQI) day by day, due to the generation of the Contaminated/ Polluted Constituents/ Black Carbon Soot Particles Emission in the form of solid, liquid and gaseous substances Whole Around the GLOBE at Local, Regional and Worldwide Scale. Detailed project Kurkuti – Ghamsali – Niti Highway explored for civil engineering highway construction may influence on various types of meteorological weather parameters/ proceedings during the construction highways’ road network. The promotion of cleaner, climate – friendly technologies and improved environmental management practices for enhanced livelihood sustainability and fostering resilience requires resources, which are fast – tracking speedily and all have strong interlinks/ connections through highway roads networks in civil engineering/ buildings/ industries producing anthropogenic substance in natural eco – system and its environment as depicted in Figure 1: Scheme Accomplishment Purposes and Judgment Creation Effort – Lifespan Progression…!!! Through Technology Transmission (T3 Formula…!!)
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The Effect of the Morphology Optimization of Precursor with Different Nickel Content on the Performance of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Materials

Increasing the nickel content in the layered LiNixCoyMnzO2 (x + y + z = 1), the most promising cathode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), has been a dominant strategy to increase their energy density. In this study, we report the control on the primary particle morphology of precursors with different nickel contents, e.g. Ni0.5Co0.2Mn0.3(OH)2 Ni0.6Co0.2Mn0.2(OH)2 and Ni0.8Co0.1Mn0.1(OH)2 by adjusting the preparation process. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images demonstrate that by decreasing the pH value and increasing the ammonia concentration, the order of precursors with different nickel contents increases, resulting in gradually directional and orderly stack or interlaced arrangement in the primary particles. With the increase of nickel content, the precursor changes from nano-sheet stacking like plug-in stereoscopic spheres to nano-needle interweaving like wool balls, all of which tend to grow in the direction of [001].
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Effectiveness of a Brief Diabetes Risk Assessment Instrument for Detecting Undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes Among High-Risk Ethnic Communities in West Africa

With the growing burden of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and associated health, social, and economiccosts in sub-Saharan Africa, tools are needed to assess T2D risks rapidly, allowing for targeted early intervention. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a brief diabetes risk assessment instrument for detecting undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes among high-risk ethnic communities in Benin, West Africa.
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Multiple intracerebral hemorrhagic lesions complicating minimal cranioencephalic trauma in a child with severe hemophilia A, trisomy 21 and sickle cell trait carrier: a case report

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a life-threatening complication in hemophilia. It often occurs during childhood after minimal head trauma. It poses a problem of diagnostic and therapeutic management, especially in Africa where CFCs are not always available.
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Permeable Rective Barrier Using Bottom Ash and Clay for The Removal of Contaminants Presesent in Leachate

The Rapid generation rate of solid waste due to increasing population and industrialization leads to open dumping of solid waste. This causes serious environmental risk of groundwater contamination due to landfill leachate, that consists of heavy metals and impurities.
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Application of Urea and Wood Ash on Soil Nutrient Composition, Growth and Yield of Okra Under Degraded Humid Tropical Alfisol of Southwestern Nigeria

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Does the Etiology of Bronchiectasis Change Over the Years, One Central Experience

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Trend of HIV/AIDS Reported Cases in Morocco Between 1986 and 2019: A Time Series Analysis

Background: Morocco is a low endemic country of HIV/AIDS that achieved the goal of the second and third 90-90-90 targets in 2019 while still 78% of people living with HIV know their HIV status. The aim of this study was to analyze time trends of HIV/AIDS reported cases during the last 33 years taking into consideration the implementation of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (HCT) services in primary health care facilities. Methodology: This was a time series of HIV/AIDS reported cases at national level between 1986 and 2019. Variable collected for each year were HIV/AIDS reported per 100000 H, age category, gender, origin, CD4 count and route of transmission. Trend of HIV/AIDS reported cases was assessed by Joinpoint Regression Analysis. Annual percentage changes (APCs) were estimated to identify the years (joinpoint) when significant changes occurred in the trend. We therefore examined trends in HIV/AIDS reported cases according to epidemiological variables. Results: Cumulative HIV/AIDS reported cases during the study period was of 17 000. Joinpoint regression showed an increase in HIV/AIDS reported cases between 1986 and 2019. The APC for the period 1986-2012 was of 13.4 (95% CI: 12.0 to 14.8, p <0.05) and the APC from 2012 to 019 was of 5.4 (95% CI: 2.5 to 8.5, p<0.05) with a significant break in the same joinpoint year than HCT implementation in primary health care settings. In stratified analysis, HIV/AIDS reported cases increased but not significantly after joinpoint. A significant decrease was noted in 2015 in urban areas (APC = -10.0, 95% CI: -17.0 to -2.3, p<0.05). Conclusions: HIV/AIDS reported cases were increasing over 33 years, with a significant rise after 2012by 5% per year, corresponding to HCT integration into primary health care setting. Furthermore, Morocco is may be on the right way to eliminate HIV/AIDS in urban areas.
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Diagnosis and Surgical Treatment of Patients with Closed Pancreatic Injuries

Diagnosis and choice of therapeutic rational tactics in patients with closed pancreatic injuries still remain and actual problem of urgent abdominal surgery. The results of treatment of 70 patients with pancreatic injuries being treated in a surgical department of RSCUMA of Uzbekistan Public Health and its branches during 2009-20021 with analyzed. Intraoperative inspection of omental bursa is still a single reliable method to reveal injuries to the pancreas. Depending on the character and localization the differ following kinds of surgical treatment of pancreatic injuries were used: based on adequate drainage of the impaired zone; removal of lifeless pancreatic tissues; restoration of passage or rational derivation of pancreatic juice. It is necessary to underline that in all cases of pancreatic injuries antisecretory, antianzymatic, antibacterial and desintoxicating therapy must be carried out.
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Gout Friendly Foods that Reduce Urate - Review

Dietary treatment for patients with gout/hyperuricemia places emphasis on avoidance of excess intake of certain types of food. However, foods that help to reduce serum uric acid levels and gout risk have recently been recognized: thus should be considered for their positive influence. In the present study, food factors known to decrease serum uric acid level and gout flare risk were reviewed.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Editorial Board Members Related to RIE

A. Wallace Hayes

Emory University
United States


Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
Washington University, St. Louis
United States

Ock K. Chun

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Connecticut
United States

Akmal Nabil Ahmad El-Mazny

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cairo University

Nagendra K. Prasad

Assistant Professor
Division of Hematology and Oncology
Indiana University School of Medicine
United States


Clinical Professor of Medicine
Tel-Aviv University

V. Ashok Kumar

Research Scientist
Department of Aeronautics
National Cheng Kung University

Maria Ioannou

Senior Lecturer
University of Huddersfield
United Kingdom

John A. St. Cyr

Medical-Surgical Consultant
Physiological Research Laboratories/Medtronic Inc USA

Jason J. Guo

Associate Professor
Center for Drug Discovery
Northeastern University
United States
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