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Articles Related to Review

Approach to and Management of a Adynamic Bone Disease in Hemodialysis Patients-A Review

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now a global public health epidemic with increasing rates reported all over the world. Currently, more than 850 million people are estimated to live with CKD worldwide. Bone and mineral disorders (CKD-MBD) form an integral part of the management of CKD patients. CKD-MBD encompasses distinct abnormal pathology within the spectrum of Renal Osteodystrophy (ROD), including osteitis fibrosa cystica, osteomalacia, adynamic bone disease (ABD), mixed lesions, and osteoporosis. ABD is primarily characterized by decreased or absent bone formations along with low cellularity of both osteoblasts and osteoclasts as well as thin osteoid seams and minimal or absent peri trabecular/marrow fibrosis. ADB is also associated with a greater risk of vascular calcification and fractures negatively affecting patient outcomes. It is unclear if all forms of ABD are truly pathological or milder forms of ADB could be a compensatory mechanism to guard against bone loss. In this article, we describe a hemodialysis patient profile of ADB with a review of this entity
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Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma, an Updated Review

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVBCL) is a rare but aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. It is characterized by the malignant proliferation of lymphocytic tumor cells in the lumens of capillaries, small arterioles, and post-capillary venules. There exists two clinical variants: the Asian variant and the Western variant. The former is associated with neurologic and dermatologic signs and symptoms, whereas the latter often presents with splenomegaly, jaundice, and hemophagocytes. Lymphadenopathy is uncommon, and patients typically have nonspecific symptom
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Sugarcane Agro-Industrial Health and Safety with Particular Focus on Sudan: A Systematic Literature Review

Sugarcane is a vital cash crop grown in about 200 tropical and sub-tropical countries around the world. Due to its high rates of occupational diseases, accidents, and fatalities the agro industry is regarded as one of the most hazardous industries despite being one of the essential sectors globally regarding food supply and workforce. Most of the world's cane sugar crop is produced In Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMIC), such as Sudan, where agriculture and farming are still the main sources of income and managing occupational health and safety is challenging
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A Review of the Effects of Intensive Poultry Production on the Environment and Human Health

Poultry farming is widely recognized as a highly efficient technique of animal husbandry, contributing significantly to the nutritional security of a substantial portion of the global population. The application of contemporary intensive farming methods has facilitated a notable increase in global production, which has reached a substantial quantity of 137.8 million tons in the year 2021. This upward trajectory has been consistently observed over successive years. However, these aggressive growth tactics result in a substantial environmental impact. The appropriate management of waste items, such as poultry litter and manure, is crucial due to their potential to significantly impact both environmental and human health. The emissions of ammonia, nitrous oxide, and methane are associated with poultry production and the disposal of its waste by-products. These emissions have significant implications for global greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the well-being of both animals and humans
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Smoking and Male Infertility ׃ A comprehensive Review

Infertility is a serious concern affecting millions of couples globally. Natural conception is seen to be achieved in 80-85% couples leading 15 % couples suffer worldwide. Male factor is an important underlying cause associated with infertility. The debate that the ingredients’ of cigarette smoke negatively influence the masculinity attracts the scientific wit to look into the problem.
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The Therapeutic Use of Low Intensity Laser in Temporomandibular Disorders: Literature Review

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of disorders that damage the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the muscles of mastication. They are commonly associated with parafunctional habits and clinical symptoms, such as: headache, clicking, limitation of lateral movement, protrusion and mouth opening, discomfort in the TMJ region and vertigo. These conditions can be caused by a combination of various factors, including trauma, natural wear and tear, dental malocclusion, emotional stress, or musculoskeletal problems.
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Central Obesity, Physical Activity, Basal Metabolism, and Body Composition in Adults: A Systematic Review

: Obesity is a global epidemic with serious consequences for countries. Objective: This work aims to systematically review the available evidence on the relationship between basal metabolism (BM), body composition, and physical activity (PA) with central obesity. Methodology: The search strategy was carried out using Web of Science, PubMed, Google Scholar, and SciELO following the PRISMA guidelines. The STROBE checklist and the Jadad scale were also used for quality assessment.
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A Literature Review for Improving the Solubility of Poorly Water-Soluble Drug

Nanocrystal technology has showed significant potential for commercial applications and advancements as a novel pharmacological method to increasing the water solubility of certain poorly soluble medicines. Nanotechnology is the most effective method for solving the solubility issues with medications in BCS classes II and IV. This article is primarily concerned with the methods of preparing nanocrystals by means of Precipitation Lyophilization Homogenization (PLH) Technology. In particular, emphasised combinative technology could improve particle size reduction. Technology, equipment, and medication physicochemical qualities affect particle size reduction success
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Review on Transdermal Drug Delivery System-Focus on Innovative 2 Transdermal Dosage Forms

The transdermal drug delivery system is technique that provides drug through the intact skin. Skin penetration enhancement techniques have been developed to increase the bioavailability of drug substance. These review describes various transdermal patches available in market, types of patches, basic components, polymer used in formulation. The novel drug delivery method do well and complete with those already on the market the main problem that requires consideration include device design and safety, efficacy, ease of handling and economical. Transdermal drug delivery system represent the most attractive method among these because of its low rejection rate, magnificent, ease of administration and better convenience and compliance with patient. This review article provide an overview of transdermal drug delivery system contains various innovative dosage forms. In comparison transdermal patch are effective due to its easy to apply and non-invasive.
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Superficial CD34-Positive Fibroblastic Tumor: First Case Report from Latin-America and Review of the Literature

Superficial CD34-positive fibroblastic tumor is an infrequent soft-tissue tumor characterized by a lesion located in the subcutaneous fascia without affecting the soft or deep muscle planes. Its incidence is unknown; therefore, it represents a diagnostic challenge for both the surgical oncologist and pathologist. Given its high risk of local recurrence, extensive surgical resection is the recommended treatment modality. This is the first report of this rare entity in Latin-America.
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Review on MALDI TOF MS: Modern Disease Diagnosis Approaches in Microbiology and its Mechanism

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has become a widely used technique for the rapid, accurate, durable, economical, and trustworthy method for identification of bacteria, mycobacteria and fungal pathogens in the microbiology laboratory.
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A rare case of levofloxacin-induced fatal hypoglycemia in a non-diabetic patient with the review of literature

Levofloxacin, a broad-spectrum, third-generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic, is rarely reported to cause life-threatening adverse effects, such as severe hypoglycemia resulting in coma. We report a rare case of hypoglycemia in an elderly non- diabetic patient induced by levofloxacin. A 61-year-old male patient was admitted with severe hypoglycemia. His past medical history revealed treatment with levofloxacin for pneumonia.
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A review on the role of acemannan in the Aloe -based nanostructures

n recent years’ nanostructure materials (NSMs) have been of great interest as catalysts and other applications because of their unique textural and structural characteristics. Out of various biomaterials employed for NPs synthesis, plant extracts have attracted much attention due to their effectiveness, availability, and green characteristics. Due to the range of chemical constituents, currently, the incorporation of the Aloe chemical constituents into other substances makes the biosynthesis of NPs which are very necessary for the formation and applications ofAloe-based NPs
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Chemicals Disinfections and Their Effects on The Dimensional Stability of Alginate: Systematic Review

Dental practice involves a risk of exposure to microorganisms causing many infectious diseases. The risk of contamination starts at the beginning of the prosthetic workflow through impressions. Various chemical disinfection protocols for dental impressions are reported in the literature.
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Application of Vegetable Oil Based Machining Fluids in Green Manufacturing Processes, A Review

Cutting fluids are an inherent part of the modern manufacturing system. In the vegetable oil based cutting fluids, the base fluids should be some vegetable oil. In general, vegetable oil is highly attractive substitutes for petroleum based oils because they are environmentally friendly, renewable, less toxic and readily biodegradable. In this review paper, the author investigates some of the published research papers on the application of vegetable oil based machining fluids (including Nano-fluids) in the different machining processes like turning, milling, grinding and drilling. Besides that, this study also summarize the effect of the different biodegradable oil based machining fluids on the performance factors such as surface integrity, machining force, tool wear, power consumption, and temperature produced during the machining process. It has been reported in various literature that using vegetable oil based Nano machining fluid results high surface features, reduced tool wear, cutting force, power consumption and lower temperature rise in the machining process due to better lubrication and cooling properties.
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Editorial Board Members Related to Review

Thiam Chye LIM

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
National University of Singapore

Qiyong Gong

Professor and Director
Huaxi MR Research Center
Department of Radiology
West China Hospital of Sichuan University

Dayong Wu

Associate Professor
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

Shek Md. Atiqure Rahman

Assistant Professor
Sharjah University

Michael P. Namaka

Associate Professor
Faculty of Pharmacy and Medicine
University of Manitoba

Frank C. Barone

Department of Neurology
SUNY Downstate Medical Center
United States

Xiaoming Yang

Department of Radiology
University of Washington School of Medicine
United States

Sajjad Pourmozaffar

Assistant professor
Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute

Afshan B. Hameed

Associate Professor
Department of Medicine
University of California
United States

Viroj Wiwanitkit

Faculty of Medicine
Hainan Medical University
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