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Articles Related to SB

Modeling of InGaAsBi/InGaAs/InP Multi-Quantum Wells Short-Wave Infrared Detectors

We report the theoretical investigation of type-I InGaAsBi/InGaAs superlattice short-wave infrared detector nearly lattice matched to InP substrate such as the quaternary InGaAsBi/InGaAs layer is the absorption region. The used bismuth composition is about 5.5%, the Bi incorporation induced a cut-off wavelength red-shift from 1.6 µm to 3µm at room temperature (RT), and showing a band gap reduction about 362meV.
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Optimizing Outcomes with Multifocal Intraocular Lenses

Current present-day cataract surgery evolves from a visual restoration to a refractive approach. Greater independence from glasses and improvement of the quality of life were provided after surgery with the appearance of multifocal intraocular lenses (MF-IOLs). Since its creation in the 1980s, MFIOLs has undergone various technical improvements, including trifocal implants and implants with extended depth of vision. Excellent results were achieved thorough preoperative check, including the visual needs of the patients and the inherent eye anatomy. This analysis offers a broad overview of the various types of Mf-IOLs and rules for optimizing results through full preoperative screening and treatment postoperatively complications.
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Effect of Hot Water Treatment on DNA Quality of Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis (L) osbeck) Fruits

In this study, mature sweet orange fruits (amber variety) were separately subjected to hot water treatments: 35 o C for 25 and 30 minutes; 45 o C for 15, 20 and 25 minutes; 48 o C for 10, 15 and 20 minutes; 50 o C for 10, 15 and 20 minutes; 53 o C for 10 minutes and 55 o C for 5 minutes and were thereafter assessed for their DNA quality while unheated fruits served as control. The DNA quality was done by rapid random polymorphic DNA-polymersae chain reaction (RAPD-PCR) on the extracted DNA from each set of treated fruits using the RAPD primer OPR 02 (5’ – CAC AGC TGC C-3’).
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Phenotypic and Genotypic Study of ESBL and MBL Encoding Genes and Molecular Typing in Acinetobacter Baumannii Strains Isolated from Hospitalized Patients

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Relative Efficiency of Different Sire Procedures in Crossbred Cattle

The records of 1198 crossbred cattle sired by 68 bulls were analyzed to estimate breeding values of sires using animal model Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML), best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP), least squares methods (LSM) and simple daughter average ( D ) sire evaluation methods. The error variance of breeding values of sires were estimated and used in computing the relative efficiency of different sire evaluation methods. In the present study the least squares methods (LSM) have the lower error variance for Age at First Calving (AFC), First lactation milk yield (FLMY) and Lifetime lactation length (LTLL), while (BLUP) methods have the lower error variance for First lactation period (FLP), First dry period (FDP), First calving interval (FCI), First service period (FSP) and Lifetime milk yield (TLMY) as compared to other methods and accordingly, it was adjudged the most efficient sire evaluation method. In the present study, the higher value of coefficient of variation showing, there was very large variation in the herd for most of the traits under study. It indicated that the BLUP method is the best over the other three methods because estimated value of relative efficiency by BLUP method had smaller values than that of the other three methods. On the basis of the error variances of breeding values of sires the BLUP method was found most efficient sire evaluation method.
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Suspected Allergic Reaction in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

Over the course of several years, three members of a Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) group showed periodical bouts of pruritus and dermatological lesions. The affected animals were a 25-year-old cow and her 5 and 7-year-old offspring, all housed in a mixed indoor/outdoor facility. The signs were first noted in 2005 and escalated over time until 2012, when a final diagnosis of the problem was attempted. Diagnostic tests included blood analysis and skin biopsies, swab microbiological cultures from the wheals, intradermal tests and response to treatment with corticosteroids. Clinical picture and histopathological findings, as well as response to methylprednisolone, were considered compatible with an allergic dermatitis.
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Diagnostic Approaches towards Camelpox Disease

Camelpox is routinely diagnosed based on clinical signs, pathological findings and cellular and molecular assays.
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Comparison of Two Freezing Extenders and their Influence on Sperm Quality of Tunisian Arab stallions

The objective of the study was to evaluate semen quality of Tunisian Arab stallions frozen with 2 methods using 2 freezing basedextenders: the INRA 96® or the INRA Freeze®.
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Predictors of Stress Fracture Susceptibility in Arab Female Military Recruits during Combat Training: A Preliminary Study

Military recruits and athletes regularly engaging in vigorous physical activities are at increased risk for sustaining lower limb overuse injuries.
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A New Approach to Identify Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

Sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD) is a known gastrointestinal disorder that has been well documented but is difficult to diagnose noninvasively.
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How Should we Screen Overweight and Obese Adolescents for Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Large Public Health Initiatives?

To develop a valid method to identify insulin resistance (IR) in overweight and obese adolescents without requiring a fasting blood sample.
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Relationship between Body Weight and Self-Esteem: A Study of Young Men and Women in Iran

Obesity and the side effects of weight gain among Iranian females are significantly higher compared to males. In addition, the trend of overweight and obesity among Iranian adolescents in particular is increasing.
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Bacteriological Quality of Milk in Raw Bovine Bulk Milk in the Selected Milk Collection Centers: Smallholder Dairy Processing Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted to examine and identify quality of raw bovine milk from in Arsi Zone and East Shewa Zone, in Oromia, Ethiopia. The purpose of the study was to assess hygienic practices during milking, milk collection and bacteriological quality of cow’s milk in Arsi and East Shewa Zones milk collection centers.
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ESBL-Producing E. Coli in a Patient on Automated Peritoneal Dialysis

Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is one of the 3 well-established modalities of renal replacement therapy used in patients with renal failure. Despite its significant role as a successful method of renal replacement therapy, PD is highly associated with peritonitis and catheter-related infections.
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Hemodynamic and Autonomic Reactivity to Mental and Physical Stress in Lean, Overweight and Obese Subjects

There could be progressive changes in hemodynamic and autonomic parameters causing cardiovascular damage from lean to morbid obesity. We aim to study resting and reactivity of hemodynamic and autonomic parameters to physical and mental stress in lean, overweight and obese subjects of the Oman Family Study (OFS).
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Editorial Board Members Related to SB

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States

Alex Bekker

Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology
Professor, Department of Physiology and Pharmacology
Rutgers New Jersey Medical School
United States

Akram Asbeutah

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiologic Sciences Jabriya
Kuwait University
Kuwait

MOHAMED ABDELMAGEED AWAD

Associate Professor & Consultant
Fixed Prosthodontic Department
Tanta University
Egypt

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

PREET M. CHAUDHARY

Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Southern California
United States

Martin Kroger

Professor
Department of Materials
ETH Zurich
Switzerland

Ann Gaba

Assistant Professor
City University of New York
United States

PRABHAKARAN

Professor
Department of Surgery
National University of Singapore
Singapore

Tamer Atif Mohamed Dawod

Associate Professor
Faculty of Medicine
Mansoura University
Egypt
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