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Replacement of Missing Teeth: Comparing Factors That Motivate Male Denture Wearers with their Female Counterpart among Selected Group of Nigerian

Introduction: A condition where one or more teeth are missing in the mouth is referred to as partial edentulism. These missing teeth could be replaced by removable partial denture (RPD) or fixed partial denture. Factors that determine choice of replacing missing teeth includes but not limited to; esthetic, mastication and prevention of further tooth loss. The aim of this study was to compare factor that motivate male denture wearers to replace their missing teeth with the female counterpart Method: This cross-sectional self-administered questionnaire-based study was conducted in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital and Nigeria Navy Reference Hospital, Calabar. The respondents comprise of patients who presented at the dental clinic of both Hospital. Inclusion criteria were patients who requested for the replacement of their missing teeth and gave inform consent, while exclusion criteria were those who requested for tooth extraction etc. Questionnaires was delivered to each participant by hand and collected after it was filled. The questionnaire was divided into two sections. The first is for information of the respondents while the second was on reason for seeking tooth replacement
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Linear Support Vector Machine Myoelectric Pattern Recognition Control System Architecture for Transtibial Osteomyoplastic Amputees

The use of surface electromyography (sEMG) signals for clinical diagnosis is well appreciated in the medical field. However, the use of sEMG signals for the control of powered prosthetic limbs is still regarded as a futuristic idea. Past and present studies have focused more on the upper limb (hand) as compared to the lower limb (leg). The challenges associated with the controlling leg movement include designing for both balance and locomotion. After amputation, the muscle orientation and alignments on the residual stump changes as some of the anatomical landmarks are changed during surgical procedure. To achieve locomotion, some amputees, generally from third-world nations, use passive mechanical prosthetic limbs with a fixed ankle.
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The Impact of Exploring Chromosome Philadelphia like on the Prognosis of Children and Teenager ALL

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is considered as the most common pediatric malignancy with 80% of frequency in children between 1 and 10 years old. With the evolution of science, improved diagnosis and adapted treatment, all survival rates increased to a possibility of 80%. Philadelphia chromosome like acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph-Like ALL) is a recent genetic discovery characterized by a gene expression profile and high frequency of IKZF1 gene alteration similar to that of BCR-ABL1 positive ALL with a poor outcome.
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Pharmacodynamic Equivalence of Ovine Enoxaparin to Porcine Enoxaparin (Lovenox®) In Healthy Volunteers: A Randomized, Open-Label, 2-Way Cross-Over, Single Dose Study

Aim: to demonstrate the PK/PD equivalence of an ovine enoxaparin to the reference product, the originator porcine enoxaparin, Lovenox® from Sanofi, and to assess its safety and tolerability in healthy volunteers with s.c. administration. Methods: a randomized, open-label, 2-way cross-over, single-dose study with 7 days wash-out period was conducted in healthy volunteers of both sexes. A single s.c. injection of 6,000 IU ovine enoxaparin from Metiska Farma (the test drug, T) or Lovenox® from Sanofi (the reference drug, R) was given randomly to each subject in fasting condition. The PD endpoints measured were anti-FXa and anti-FIIa activities in plasma, whereas the PD parameters determined for these endpoints were AUEC0-t (area under the effect curve from time 0 to the last measured activity (t)) and Amax (maximum activity). Bioequivalence (BE) is based on anti-FXa activity, the 90% CIs for GMR T/R (geometric means ratio of Test/ Reference) of AUEC0-t and Amax must fall within the BE limits of 80.00 – 125.00%. The anti-FIIa data are in vivo supportive evidence only. Results: a total of 23 healthy volunteers completed this study. The 90% CIs for GMR T/R of AUEC0-t and Amax for anti-FXa were 107.55 – 116.33% and 110.17 – 117.68%, respectively, while those for anti-FIIa were 100.93 – 122.56% and 105.19 – 124.44%, respectively. All parameters fell within the BE criteria of 80.00 – 125.00%. One AE (adverse event) occurred in one volunteer after s.c. injection of ovine enoxaparin, i.e. bruising which disappeared after a few days. Conclusions: the ovine enoxaparin from Metiska Farma was bioequivalent to the reference porcine enoxaparin (Lovenox®) from Sanofi. Both enoxaparin products were shown to have high safety and tolerability after a single dose in healthy volunteers. This is the first study showing BE of a nonporcine enoxaparin to the reference porcine enoxaparin in Indonesia, a Moslem country
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Randomised, 2-Sequence, 4-Period Replicate Cross-Over Bioequivalence Study of A New Riluzole Orodispersible Film Vs. A Reference Tablet in Healthy Volunteers

Purpose: The present bioequivalence study aimed at demonstrating the bioequivalence of a recently developed novel riluzole orodispersible film vs. a reference tablet. Methods: Healthy male and female volunteers received single oral doses of 50 mg of riluzole, as test and reference formulation, under fasting conditions, in each of 4 subsequent periods separated by wash-out intervals of at least 7 days, according to a 2-treatment, 4-period, replicate randomised cross-over design. Findings: Riluzole plasma concentrations were almost superimposable. Riluzole attained a similar peak concentration (315.62±124.95 ng/mL with the film and 278.81±123.32 ng/mL with the tablet) at a median tmax of 0.75 h after both treatments. Then, riluzole plasma concentrations showed a superimposable decline from the peak up to 36 h post-dose, with mean half-lives of 10.22±1.66 and 10.22±1.48 h with the film and the tablet. Mean AUC0-t was 1263.40±571.58 h*ng/mL with the film and 1135.98±514.98 h*ng/mL with the tablet. The 90% confidence intervals of Cmax, AUC0-t and AUC0-¥ of riluzole fell within the predefined range 80.00-125.00%. The treatments did not differ significantly either in tmax or t1/2. On average, the test orodispersible film dissolved on the tongue in a median time of about 2.5 min with a range of 0.7-5.7 min. Orodispersible film palatability was good or acceptable for most subjects.
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Tooth Size Discrepancy among Different Malocclusion Groups in a Libyans Sample

Tooth Size Discrepancy (TSD) forms part of the initial diagnosis and is considered when formulating a treatment plan for the individual patient. The present research aimed at determining the extent and prevalence in a representative orthodontic population in Libya, to determine the prevalence of tooth size discrepancies (TSDs) in orthodontic population among different malocclusion groups.
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Incidence of Dental Anomalies in Cleft Lip and Palate Cases among Libyan Population

To evaluate the prevalence of dental anomalies in the individuals with cleft lip and palate as well as to assess the incidence of differences among unilateral cleft lip and palate and bilateral cleft lip and palate subjects in terms of dental anomalies and sexual dimorphism.
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Bioequivalence Study of Donepezil 10 mg Orally Disintegrating Tablets in Healthy Thai Volunteers Under Fasting Conditions

Donepezil is a potent, selective, noncompetitive and reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, commonly used for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. The form of orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) is a good alternative dosage form for patients who have a difficulty in swallowing conventional tablets or capsules.
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Comparative Bioequivalence Studies of Pantoprazole 40 mg Delayed-Release Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers

Pantoprazole is a H+,K+-ATPase enzyme inhibitor for the treatment of acid-related gastrointestinal diseases. The Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO), Thailand had developed Pantoprazole GPO® (pantoprazole 40 mg delayed-release tablets) as a generic substitute for the corresponding innovator product, CONTROLOC® 40 mg.
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Bioequivalence of Two Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate 600/200/300 mg Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets in Healthy Thai Male Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

Fixed-dose combination tablet formulation of efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 600/200/300 mg is an antiretroviral therapy comprising one non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor and two nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors to control human immunodeficiency virus infection.
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Pharmacokinetics Bridging Study of a 400 Mg Extended Release Formulation of the Novel Fumaric Acid Ester PPC-06 (Tepilamide Fumarate) in Healthy Male Volunteers

Tepilamide fumarate (PPC-06) is a new, patented prodrug of monomethyl fumarate (MMF), belonging to the fumaric acid esters (FAEs) class of drugs. The efficacy and safety of a 400 mg PPC-06 dose administered twice daily, achieved thus far through concomitant intake of two tablets of 200 mg, was demonstrated previously in two Phase 2 clinical trials on patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque-type psoriasis.
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Bioequivalence Evaluation of Two Clopidogrel Immediate Release Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers Under Fasting Conditions

Clopidogrel is used for acute coronary syndrome and prevention of atherothrombotic events. To improve clinical outcomes, patient adherence to treatment is necessary. However, continuous use of branded product may cause economic burden to patients and healthcare system. The Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO), Thailand had developed a generic product of clopidogrel to reduce cost of treatment and improve accessibility to medicines for Thai people.
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Bioequivalence Study of Olanzapine 5 mg Orally Disintegrating Tablet Formulations in Healthy Thai Volunteers under Fasting Conditions

A comparative randomized, single dose, two-way crossover, open label study was carried out to assess bioequivalence and tolerability of test (ZOLAN GPO®) and reference (Zyprexa Zydis®) products of olanzapine 5 mg orally disintegrating tablets for interchange ability in the same quality and safety.
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Ampullary Localization of Unruptured Ectopic Pregnancy of Eighteen Weeks about a Case

Ectopic pregnancy is therefore implanted out of the normal implantation site of the uterine cavity. It is a surgical emergency that can compromise the vital prognosis and fertility of patients when the diagnosis is made at the stage of rupturing. Its incidence has doubled or even tripled in the world in the last two decades. Although it still remains the leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester by tubal rupturing accounting for 13% of maternal deaths this increase is closely linked to several factors such as sexually transmitted infections, history of salpingitis, tubal surgery, abortions, inert or progesterone associated IUD use and smoking. Tubal location is by far the most common (96 to 99% of cases). The clinical signs are therefore relatively late and the rupture of the tube is preceded by a fissure syndrome. We report a rare case of unruptured ampullary pregnancy that has evolved to 18 weeks.
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Serious Post Extraction Complaint: A Study at Peshawar Dental College, Khyber Pukhtunkhwa

Dry socket is the most frequent post extraction complaint of patients, and it develops within 2 to 4 days after the extraction of tooth. This study is conducted to describe the predisposing or contributing factors associated directly or indirectly with the development of dry socket after the extraction of tooth at Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Peshawar Dental Collage and Hospital (PDC) Peshawar KPK.
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Editorial Board Members Related to TEE

Sabina Fijan

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Maribor
Slovenia

Hasan Sarptaş

Assistant Professor
Ege University Solar Energy Institute
Turkey

Yao Olive Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Nutrition & Food Science
California State Polytechnic University
United States

Francisco R Breijo-Marquez

Research director
Department of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
East Boston University
USA

David Paul Richman

Professor
Department of Neurology and Center for Neuroscience
University of California
United States

Saul Yedgar

Professor
Department of Biochemistry
Hebrew University
Israel

J. J. Mecholsky

Professor
Department of Materials Science & Engineering
University of Florida
United States

Ziad N. AL-Dwairi

Professor
Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

Sachin S. Saboo

Assistant Professor
Department of Radiology
UT Southwestern Medical Center
United States

Andrew Beng Jin Teoh

Associate professor
School of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
Yonsei University
South Korea
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