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Articles Related to Treatment

Treatment of Intrabony Defects with Enamel Matrix Derivative Proteins Using Minimally Invasive Surgical Approaches to Papilla Preservation: A Systematic Review with Metanalysis

Background: To investigate the clinical performance of minimally invasive surgical approaches for interdental tissue preservation in association with enamel matrix derivatives in the treatment of intraosseous defects. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was carried out (PROSPERO: CRD42020135131) through research, extraction and analysis of data in duplicate, according to the PICOS strategy. The Ovid MEDLINE databases were consulted; Ovid EMBASE; Open Gray and in the journals Journal of Periodontology, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontal Research and Journal of Dental Research, the search covered an unlimited period until May 2019, following the guide PRISMA. For assessment was used Cochrane Collaboration's risk. Results: Eight randomized controlled trials reporting 557 subjects and 698 defects were identified. Among in techniques for preserving interdental tissues, there were no differences between them. However, in the meta-analysis obtained by the studies, the results were superior in clinical gain of insertion in favor of the test group [n = 119; MD= 0.92; 95%; IC (0.35; 1.50); p = 0.002 I² 78%], with these results statistically significant Conclusions: the open flap debridement technique using interdental tissue preservation approaches in association with EMD promote slightly superior clinical results in insertion gain. Clinical Relevance: Assist the professional in their clinical practice in traeatment of periodontal defects with minimally surgical approachs and Furthermore, demonstrate the possibility and the benefits of using the biomaterials like the enamel derivative proteins in the regeneration these periodontal defects
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Innovative Method for Treating Diabetes: Cancer Medicines Show Great Possibility in Treating Type-1 Diabetes

Australian scientists have recently uncovered a groundbreaking discovery suggesting that diabetes, specifically type 1 diabetes, may be effectively treated using existing cancer drugs. The research indicates that two types of drugs commonly employed in cancer treatments have demonstrated the potential to prevent type 1 diabetes, with the remarkable capability of inducing insulin hormone production within the pancreas in as little as 48 hours. The experimental validation of this approach involved a successful trial conducted on three individuals, providing encouraging results that could revolutionize diabetes treatment. With more than 420 million people worldwide grappling with diabetes, this discovery holds significant promise for addressing a global health challenge. Further research and clinical trials are warranted to explore the full potential and safety of these cancer drugs as a potential cure for diabetes. If successful, this innovative approach may offer new hope to millions living with diabetes and pave the way for transformative advancements in diabetes care
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Marsupialization Technique in Sublingual Ranula Treatment: Clinical Case Report

Ranula is a pocket of mucus that forms under the tongue due to blockage of the salivary glands, usually causing swelling and discomfort. Treatment can range from conservative measures, such as hot compresses, to surgical interventions to drain or remove the affected gland. This article reports the case of a ranula in an 11-year-old patient, which was clinically diagnosed and confirmed after the marsupialization technique. The histopathological examination revealed typical characteristics, such as thin epithelial lining and the presence of mucin, proving the diagnostic hypothesis. The treatment was effective, contributing to the clinical and histopathological understanding of this condition. This case report contributes to the existing literature by providing clinical and histopathological insights that can guide healthcare professionals in effectively managing this condition
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The Development of a Classification System for the Treatment of Scoliosis by the Side Shift Approach

The Side Shift approach to correction of scoliosis curves has been used by therapist at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital (RNOHT) for over 30 years. The Side Shift approach was developed by Mrs Min Mehta, and has been Modified using consensus based evidence of SOSORT. Clinical observations had indicated that not all patients could actively (Auto) correct to beyond the trunk midline, a key principle of Side Shift. At the RNOHT a classification system based upon the ability of an individual to auto-correct the spine during a Side Shift movement has been developed to aid the appropriate application of the shift exercises and allow future comparative analysi
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Diagnosis and Treatment of Atypical Thoracic Outlet Syndrome*

With the progress of society, the development of science and technology, and the popularization of digitalization, the number of patients seeking treatment for "hand numbness" in the outpatient department of rehabilitation medicine is increasing day by day, and it shows a younger age, even some teenagers; Most of them are diagnosed as cervical spondylosis, but according to the treatment of cervical spondylosis, the effect is not good, sometimes prolonged and not cured, which has different degrees of impact on the work and life of patients, and even affects the physical and mental health of patient
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Outcomes Following Debridement, Antibiotics, and Implant Retention with the Exchange of Modular Components in Hip Periprosthetic Joint Infections

Shin Onodera, Motomi Ishibe (2023) Outcomes Following Debridement, Antibiotics, and Implant Retention with the Exchange of Modular Components in Hip Periprosthetic Joint Infections. J Orthop Physiother 6(1): 101
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Recurrent Ophthalmic Eczema Herpeticum with Hyper Immunoglobulin E Syndrome in A 4 Years-Old Boy

Eczema herpeticum (EH) is a skin infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) that occurs in individuals with atopic dermatitis. It is characterized by the sudden appearance of vesicles and erosions with crusts over areas affected by eczema. EH can range from mild and self-limiting in healthy adults to life-threatening in children, infants, and immunocompromised patients. Early treatment with antiviral therapy is crucial in preventing complications and mortality. EH is primarily caused by a superinfection of HSV, usually HSV-1, in individuals with atopic dermatitis. Reactivation of HSV is more common than primary infection. Patients with atopic dermatitis are more susceptible to skin infections due to impaired skin barrier function and immune dysregulation. Disseminated cutaneous HSV infection can also occur in individuals with other forms of dermatitis, known as Kaposi varicelliform eruption (KVE)
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Case Report: Pyoderma Gangrenosum in IBD Treated with Tofacitinib

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare ulcerating skin disease often presenting as an extra intestinal manifestation of IBD and is difficult to manage. Treatment options for pyoderma gangrenosum include steroids, calcineurin inhibitors and anti TNF agents. Here in, we report a case of recurrent Pyoderma gangrenosum with Ulcerative Colitis that was successfully managed with Tofacintib, a JAK inhibitor
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Dosimetric Comparison between Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy versus Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment Plans for Breast Cancer

This study compared the dosimetric characteristics of Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) techniques regarding target volume coverage and dose to heart, spinal cord, and lung for patients with breast cancer. We analyzed the dosimetric differences of plans in the treatment planning system (TPS) between IMRT and VMAT in treating breast cancer. The aim of this study is to compare the dosimetric aspects of IMRT plans with VMAT according to EMAMI, QUANTEC, and RTOG protocols
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Awareness towards Dental and Oral Health among Parents of Children Undergoing Anti-Cancer Treatment

The study aimed to assess the attitudes toward dental and oral health of parents of children receiving anti-cancer treatment. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was based on a convenience sample of parents of 50 pediatric patients who were receiving anti-cancer treatment (study group) and 62 parents of healthy children (control group). Questionnaires were distributed to assess awareness towards oral and dental care.
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Study to Find Clinical Characteristics of ABPA in Patients of Severe Bronchial Asthma and Its Relation with Serum Ige Level at Teriary Care Center North India

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is an idiopathic inflammatory disease of the lung, characterized by an allergic inflammatory response to colonization of the airways by Aspergillus fumigatus or other fungi. Untreated or inadequatetreatment may lead to poor outcome in patients. Raised level of serum IgE of more than 1000 IU/ML have been considered as one if theimportant diagnostic criteria for ABPA, however relation of serum IgE withs severity ofdiseases is lacking. This study was conducted to find out level of serum IgE in patients ofABPA and to find out corelation of Serum IgE with duration of symptoms and diseasesseverity.
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Successfully Treatment of Dental Fluorosis using the Simple Technique of Enamel Microabrasion

Dental dyschromias have several origins among them we cite fluorosis. Dental fluorosis is defined as a qualitative anomaly of the enamel, resulting histologically in hypomineralisation due to excessive ingestion of fluorides during amelogenesis. Clinically, it takes the form of opacities in the enamel. These opacities may affect homologous teeth symmetrically, and generally affect several groups of teeth. Topographically, isolated or confluent white lines or discrete white patches are observed. Interpretismatic spaces are wider, resulting in porous and permeable enamel. On the one hand, this explains the post-eruptive dyschromias, where exogenous pigments penetrate the pores and transform the white opacities into brown. It is classified into 3 categories: mild, moderate and severe. So that this case was moderate fluorosis and appropriated for the treatment with enamel microabrasion. Differential diagnosis for this condition includes: enamel hypoplasia, amoelogenesis imperfecta, and dental caries.
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Increasing CD8+ T Cells and Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines is associated with Hypersensitivity Reactions in People Living with HIV-1 under Antiretroviral Treatment

Background: Despite their good efficacy, antiretroviral drugs often induce adverse effects, in particular hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) which cause significant discomfort leading to the abandonment of treatment and then to therapeutic failure in some HIV-positive patients. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to assess the association between immune responses and hypersensitivity reactions (HSR) induced by antiretroviral treatment in people who living with HIV-1 (PLHIV-1), through the distribution of immune cells and cytokine profiles.
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Evaluation of a Theory-Based Behavior Change Intervention to Increase HIV Self-Testing Uptake and Linkage to HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment Among Hard-to-Reach Populations in Northern Tanzania

Introduction: Tanzania aims for 95% of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) to know their serostatus by 2023. Methods: An uncontrolled before-after study design was conducted between March 2018 (pre-intervention phase) and July 2018 (post-intervention phase). A total of 183 participants (males=89; females=94) were recruited for this study. Data were collected at baseline and at the one-month and three-month follow-ups using a pre-and post-test semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive data are presented using measures of central tendency and their respective measures of dispersion. No comparative statistical analysis was performed.
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Treatment of pulp and paper mill effluent by the coagulation-flocculation process

Tunisian mill wastewater analyzed for the first time prove high Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and high Turbidity values and deserve treatment. The biodegradability index determined by the biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)/chemical oxygen demand (COD) ratio was only 0.072, suggesting its limited biodegradability. Primarily, settling tank showed a positive effect in COD values reduced from 2490 to 448.2 mg/L. In addition, turbidity was reduced from 140 to 65.8 NTU. The coagulation-flocculation process using chemical coagulants-flocculants prior treatment equilibrate this ratio in range 1-2 promises a feasible biological treatment
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Editorial Board Members Related to Treatment

T Theivasanthi

Assistant Professor
Kalasalingam University
Krishnankoil
India

Jonathan Scott Harrison

Professor
Division of Hematology/Medical Oncology University of Missouri
United States

Qifeng Yang

Professor
Department of Breast Surgery
Director, Pathology Tissue Bank
Qilu Hospital, Shandong University
China

Loai Aljerf

Professor
Department of Basic Sciences
Faculty of Dental Medicine
Damascus University
Syria

WILLIAM FRAZER MORRIS

Professor
School of Osteopathic Medicine
Campbell University
United States

ILANA B. ADDIS

Associate Professor
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Arizona College of Medicine
United States

Mohammad Reza Shooshtarian

Larestan University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Chandan Saha

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics
School of Medicine
Indiana University
United states

Lin Feng

Associate Professor
Bioinformatics Research Centre
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Tetsuya Yoshinaga

Professor
Institute of Health Biosciences
Tokushima University
Japan
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