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Articles Related to USC

Leveraging Electronic Medical Records for Legal Compliance and Improved Reimbursement Efficiency

Background and Objective: Septic shock remains an impatient cause of morbidity and mortality. Early restitution of the circulation improve tissue oxygen delivery and increase survival. This study is a prospective randomized single center study its main objective is to investigate the therapeutic value of hypertonic saline in patients with septic shock. Methods: Fifty-two critically ill patients admitted with septic shock divided into two groups, the first group received isotonic saline (control group) starch, while the second received hypertonic saline 5%.
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Haosmc Growth on Various Sustainable Nano/Micropatterned Surface Topographies Utilising Reusable Surface Templatin

The aim of controlling/regulating cellular processes by surface patterning of biomaterials is a crucial concept in emerging research fields, where the precise fabrication of micro-nano surface topographies is required at manufacturing scales to meet consumer demand. Photolithography is typically employed for surface patterning; however, the high cost, process complexity, and lack of environmentally friendly and sustainable methodologies represent steep barriers for many researchers. Soft lithographic methods have been utilised extensively as a potential alternative for traditional photolithography, yet a photolithographic step is still required for initial template fabrication. Here, we demonstrate the use of repurposed optical consumer items such as DVDs, diffraction glasses, and gratings that would otherwise be thrown away after their useful lives, being used here as a sustainable approach as templates for the formation of complex nano-patterns. By replicating these templates in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and polylactic acid (PLA), we show the varied interactions of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HAoSMC) to these surfaces. Notably, it was demonstrated that, in comparison to nonpatterned substrates, HAoSMC interaction (adhesion, spreading, and viability) was higher on DVD patterned surfaces compared to diffraction glass and grating patterned surfaces according to the results from cell metabolic activity (MTT and Alamar Blue), and proliferation (total DNA) assays. We demonstrate that a simple, reusable, inexpensive, yet robust technology could be a powerful tool in improving our understanding of cell-surface interactions and for the potential development of medical devices with micro- and nanoscale low or high adhesion features
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Spinal Muscular Atrophy-Type1, Unraveling the tapestry from highly inbred region of North India

spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by degeneration of alpha motor in anterior horn cells of brain and spinal cord, which results in muscular atrophy, hypotonia, fasciculations, areflexia, paralysis and even death in most severe cases. The underlying cause of this disease is biallelic loss of survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Depending upon the clinical features & patient's age, SMA is classified into different distinctive sub types
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Temporomandibular Disorders: Assessment of the Knowledge and Current Practices of Senegalese Dentists

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is a generic term encompassing a group of musculoskeletal and neuromuscular disorders. The aim of our study was to assess the evolution of knowledge and current practices of Senegalese dentists regarding temporomandibular disorders, and to measure any disparities in diagnostic and treatment methods.
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Identification of Novel De-Novo 12q14 -12q22 Gene Mutations and MTHFR C677T Gene Polymorphism Increase Genetic Susceptibility in Hirschsprung Disease - A Rare Case Report

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The Pharyngeal Muscle Trainer for the Therapy of Primary Snoring -An innovative therapy approach

Snoring is a concomitant of sleeping. This phenomenon is not only considered annoying, but also often taboo because it affects the privacy of those affected. In addition, however, snoring can be the cause of sometimes life-threatening diseases, such as hypertension, stroke and myocardial infarction.
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Buschke-Lowenstein Tumor of the Vulva: A Case Report

Buschke-Lowenstein tumor or giant condyloma acuminata is a rare disorder of the external genitalia, belonging to the group of verrucous carcinomas, and usually affects immunocompromised men. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are potentially involved in the pathophysiology. A detailed questioning, a rigorous clinical examination and complementary imaging are important to establish an accurate lesion assessment and an adapted management. Wide surgical excision is the treatment of choice.
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Evaluation of Paraspinal Muscle Properties in Adolescents with Mild Idiopatic Scoliosis Using Surface EMG Power Spectral Analysis

Previous studies reported that the paraspinal muscles of adolescents with severe idiopathic scoliosis scheduled for surgery contain higher proportion of type Ⅰ fibers on the convex side. However, the muscle properties are unknown in mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences among the convex, concave and control sides of the paraspinal muscles in patients with mild AIS and healthy individuals and to help in the treatment of mild AIS patients.
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The Effect of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality on Cardiac Arrest Outcome

Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of death in USA, nearly 90% of them fatal and Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), especially if administered immediately after cardiac arrest, can double or triple a person’s chance of survival. CPR by training persons increases the frequency the survival rate. Therefore, we aim to look into the common pitfalls that both medical students and genior physicians face in the recognition and dealing Compression in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with its outcome.
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Tetanus Presenting with Back Pain

Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani, which one of its toxins, tetanospasmin is the cause of clinical symptoms. The incubation period is generally 3 days to 3 weeks. The clinical severity is due to the amount of toxin and the neural distance to reach the neuronal body.
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Musculoskeletal Disorders and Association with Social Media Use Among University Students at the Quarantine Time Of COVID-19 Outbreak

COVID-19 period was characterized by lockdown and quarantine, the aim of this cross-sectional analytical study is to investigate the effect of COVID-19 quarantine on social media use, and its association with musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among university students.
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Proposed Perioperative Guidelines for Selective Infectious Diseases in the Pediatric Population

It is essential for practitioners to recognize the pathophysiology of commonly presenting infectious diseases and their mode of transmission. This allows healthcare workers to provide a safe perioperative experience for the patient as well as engage in appropriate infection control practices. There are a number of noteworthy pediatric respiratory infections, such as the novel coronavirus, known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and pulmonary tuberculosis.
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The Effect of 8 Weeks of Strength Training and Creatine Intake on Sarcopenia

Sarcopenia is a syndrome which is characterized by the gradual loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. The progression of sarcopenia can result in adverse outcomes such as physical disability, poor life quality and severe injuries that lead to death.
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A Case of Lambda AL Type Skeletal Amyloidosis with Vascular Myopathy Achieved Clinical Response after Autologous Stem Cell Transplant

Amyloidosis involving the vascular musculoskeletal system is rare and currently, there is no standard treatment protocol for the treatment of skeletal muscle AL amyloidosis associated with vascular myopathies. Furthermore, the data on the efficacy and safety of autologous stem cell transplant is unclear. In this rare case, a biopsy-proven diagnosis of AL type amyloidosis with an unusual presentation of proximal muscle weakness significantly improved with high dose melphalan followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. The patient achieved and maintained remission for a year post-transplant
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In Vitro Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Brucella Species Isolated from Human and Animals in India

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals, including domestic livestock, and human. It is considered one of the most common bacterial zoonoses in the world. Endemic in many parts of India little is known about the antibiotic susceptibility or resistance of Brucella isolates from India.
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Editorial Board Members Related to USC

ELENA A. USACHEVA

Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine
United States

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

Mohsen Meydani

Professor
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

WINNIE CHAN

Department of Nutrition & Dietetics
University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust
United Kingdom

MICHAEL FRASS

Professor of Medicine
Specialist in Internal Medicine, Homeopathy
University of Vienna
Austria

Chunying Li

Assistant Professor
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Wayne State University School of Medicine
United States

YUNBO LI

Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine
United States

SANTAMARIA RITA

Associate Professor
Department of Pharmacy
University of Naples Federico II
Italy

Shuhui Li

Director of Renewable Energy Systems Laboratory
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
The University of Alabama
USA

Khaldon Bodoor

Associate Professor
Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan
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