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Articles Related to alcohol

Ultrastructure of the Frontal Cortex Neurons of 5-Day-Day Rats after Antenatal Alcoholization

Antenatal alcoholization leads to a number of specific disorders in the offspring organism, grouped into the concept of fetal alcohol syndrome, which is included in the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. The negative effects of alcohol on the developing fetal brain include structural abnormalities of the brain, neurological, behavioral and cognitive defects.
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Relationship between Blood Ethanol Concentration, Ethyl Glucuronide and Ethyl Sulfate and Clinical Signs of Alcohol Intoxication

Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) and ethyl sulfate (EtS) are markers for screening previous alcohol consumption and indicating recent drinking in cases of suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol.
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A Comparative Study of Different Blood Alcohol Concentration Effect on Handwriting

Handwriting is a visible speech which is not spoken but written. There are various internal and external factors that might cause variation in handwriting
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Preparation and Performance Analysis of High Temperature Resistant and High Strength Alcohol Soluble Phosphate/Phenolic Hybrid Adhesive

A kind of alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive was prepared by using phosphate solution as raw material. A hybrid high temperature and high strength adhesive was prepared by adding phenolic resin. The wetting condition of water-soluble and alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive on the surface of hydrophobic material, the composition and mechanical properties of the adhesive were analyzed by means of liquid drop shape analyzer (DSA), X-ray diffraction instrument and universal tensile force machine. The results show that the alcohol-soluble phosphate adhesive has good wetting effect on hydrophobic materials and has excellent high temperature resistance and mechanical properties.
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The Contribution of Alcohol Consumption to Overall Cancer Incidence in the Western World: A Meta-Analysis

The effect of alcohol consumption on overall cancer incidence is not clear. The aim of the paper is to estimate the impact of alcohol consumption on risk distribution of the 20 most common cancer types among men and women in the Western world. A meta-analysis of relative risks for the 20 most common cancer types potentially associated with alcohol consumption in the Western world was conducted based on the most recent cancer specific meta-analyses. Cancer risks were compared between men and women applying a sigmoidal dose response model. Drinking 2.5-14.9 g alcohol/day was associated with a small decrease in overall cancer incidence: 0.977 for men and 0.974 for women; followed by a small increase in the 15-29.9 g/day category: 1.029 for men and 1.077 for women. Further increases were observed in the 30-60 g/day category indicating a 5 and 10% increase in overall cancer risk for men and women, respectively. Women appeared to be more sensitive: the alcohol consumption level to acquire overall risk increase is 22 g/day for women and 46 g/day for men.
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The 2015 Dutch Food-Based Dietary Guidelines on Alcohol Consumption - A Critical Review

Background: Recently the Dutch Health Council has issued a revised alcohol guideline stating: Do not drink alcohol, or if any only drink one glass daily. The current guidelines are intended to obtain the lowest disease burden of the most burdensome diseases in The Netherlands. The current paper aims to estimate the overall impact of alcohol consumption on these diseases.
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The Importance of Brain MRI in the Diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami Disease

Marchiafava-Bignami disease (MBD) is a neurological disorder that has been found to be associated with chronic alcoholism and malnutrition. We report a 45 year old man, chronic alcoholic that developed discouragement for activities involving daily living, changes in retrograde memory in addition to mutism and gait instability. Brain MRI showed central atrophy of the corpus callosum(CC), hypointensity(necrosis) and ventricular dilation(white matter and subcortical region involvement).
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Bioequivalence Study of Two Oral-Capsule Formulations of Pregabalin 300 mg in Healthy Mexican Adult Volunteers

Pregabalin is a ligand for the alpha-2-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels in the central nervous system. It has anticonvulsant, analgesic, and anxiolytic activity. The bioequivalence of a test formulation was evaluated with respect to its corresponding reference drug formulation of oral pregabalin 300 mg, administered as a capsule. This randomized-sequence, single-dose, single-blind, two-period crossover design under fasting conditions was done on 25 healthy Mexican adult subjects including both genders. There was a seven-day washout period.
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Researches on the Pharmacological Effects of Eicosapentaenoic Acid

Fish oils are the most common source of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), mainly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). It has been pointed out protective effects and beneficial effects of EPA on body weight reduction, heart health, blood lipid profile, cardiovascular diseases and other diseases. Based on its biological activities, EPA may be developed to a complementary and alternative medicine through further research. In this paper, the pharmacological effects of EPA were summarized by reviewing the recent related literatures.
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Pharmacy Compounding Quality Control and Pharmaceutical Development Strategies for Seventeen alpha Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate in Prevention of Preterm Delivery

Seventeen alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) is the only FDA-approved drug labeled for prevention of preterm delivery. This drug is also available as a compounded product from licensed compounding pharmacies. This article reviews the FDA approval history and pharmacy compounding quality control data of 17-OHPC, as well as briefly discusses possible future pharmaceutical development strategies for 17-OHPC.
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Esophageal Cancer and Bisphosphonates

At the beginning of 2009, Dianne Wysowski of the US Food and Drug Administration summarized 23 reports of esophageal1 cancer following alendronate use. Wysowski also noted that there had been 31 cases following alendronate use in Europe and Japan and ten cases in which other bisphosphonates had been reported as concomitant or suspect treatment.
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The Fatal Alcoholic Ketoacidosis as a Dilemma in the Differential Diagnosis in Unexpected Deaths

48-years old man was found dead at home, lying in his bed. There was a bucket with liquid vomited remnants with no addition of fresh or digested blood found near the bed and an empty bottle of alkaline mineral water often used to attenuate the gastric pain.
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Editorial Board Members Related to alcohol

Liqing Yu

Associate Professor
Departments of Animal and Avian Sciences
University of Maryland
United States

JORGEN LANGE THOMSEN

Professor
Institute of Forensic Medicine
University of Southern Denmark
Denmark

Carla J. Kinslow

Principal Consultant
Rimkus Consulting Group
USA

Guoshun Wang

Associate Professor
Departments of Microbiology and Immunology, Genetics, and Medicine
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
United States

Guoshun Wang

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology
LSU Health New Orleans
United States

Anuradha Ratna

Department of Medicine
University of Massachusetts Medical School
USA

Burton M. Altura

Professor
Department of Medicine
Suny downstate medical center
United States

NIKOLAS P. LEMOS

Professor
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
University of California
United States

DAVID R. BLACK

Professor Emeritus
Department of Health and Kinesiology
Purdue University
United States

Shiva Singh

Professor
University of Western Ontario
Canada
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