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Articles Related to antibiotic

Outcomes Following Debridement, Antibiotics, and Implant Retention with the Exchange of Modular Components in Hip Periprosthetic Joint Infections

Shin Onodera, Motomi Ishibe (2023) Outcomes Following Debridement, Antibiotics, and Implant Retention with the Exchange of Modular Components in Hip Periprosthetic Joint Infections. J Orthop Physiother 6(1): 101
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Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis after Ceftriaxone Exposure: A Case Report and Literature Revie

Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis (LCV) characterizes various small vessel vasculitis types primarily affecting the skin, with occasional internal organ involvement. This inflammation involves immune-complex deposition within dermal capillaries and venues. Although idiopathic in origin, potential triggers, including antibiotic-related factors, must be considered. LCV presents across a spectrum of severity, sometimes extending to ulcers. Diagnosis involves clinical assessment, history, lab tests, and crucially, skin biopsy.
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A Retrospective Study in DUE and ATC/DDD Evaluation of Antibiotics in Specific Departments of a Tertiary Care Hospital

Large numbers of nations are associated with utilization of anti-toxins regardless of remedy (OTC medications). This DDD/ ATC value contributes to improved antibiotic use quality. The principal objective is to direct improvement of sane medication use of strategies and to give a standard technique for information for future evaluation.
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Anti-Infectives do not Impact Treatment Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: a Single Center Retrospective Analysis

Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have provided groundbreaking advancements for a variety of malignancies. It has been of recent interest to identify predictive indicators of response to improve cancer management using immunotherapy. The intestinal microbiome has been recognized as a potential predictor of ICI anti- tumor activity. Antibiotics reduce diversity the overall composition of the gut microbiota, with effects seen as quickly as in a single day. Post-antibiotic dysbiosis recovery varies depending on type and duration of exposure. Preclinical studies in mice with advanced cancer treated with broad spectrum antibiotics have been associated with resistance to ICI treatment.
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Novel Antibiotics for Bloodstream Infections in HSCT

Bloodstream infections (BSI) are one of severe infectious complications faced by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. BSI increases significantly the morbidity and mortality of HSCT patients. Gram-positive bacteria occurred more frequency than gram-negative bacteria over past decades, but rates of gram-negative bloodstream infections have recently increased again. Antibacterial prophylaxis could be justified in HSCT, infections caused by resistant pathogens increased mortality. New antibiotics such as omadacycline, meropenem/vaborbactam, eravacycline, ceftobiprole, tedizolid, dalbavancin, cefiderocol hold promise for the treatment of highly resistant pathogens.
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Study on Prescribing Pattern of Antibiotic used for Urinary Tract Infection in Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital: A Preliminary Antibiotic Stewardship Programme

Urinary tract infection is defined as the presence of microorganism in the urine that cannot be accounted by contamination. First line treatments for UTI are antibiotics. Antibiotic stewardship is the coordinated intervention designed to improve and measure the appropriate use of antibiotic agents, by promoting the selection of optimal antibiotic drug regimen including dosing, duration of therapy and route of administration.
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Exploring the Behavioral Drivers of Antibiotic Prescription in Food Animal’s Practitioners

Irrational use of antimicrobials in food animals is reported as a primary cause of antibiotic resistance (AMR) at the animal human interface with detrimental public health implications. Veterinarians are the main player for antimicrobial usage in food producing animals (FPAs). Therefore, this study was aimed to explore the key determinants of antibiotic prescription behavior among FPAs practitioners and its public health implications. For the purpose, a pre-tested questionnaire was presented to FPAs veterinarians.
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Antibiotics in Lebanese Surface Waters: Estimation of Population Exposure and Identification of High-Risk Drugs

The evaluation of the environmental risk of antibiotics and their byproducts is an important topic around the world viewing the increase of use of antibiotics and the absence of conventional water treatment plants. The objective of the study is to determine the consumption of antibiotics and evaluate their potential health hazard as contaminants of the Lebanese surface waters. Data of 704 antibiotics consumed in 2019 were provided by the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH).
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A Review on How Animals Contribute as a Factor to Antibiotic Resistance

The development and spread of antibiotic resistance have become a major cause of concern. Over a past few decades, no major new types of antibiotics have been produced and almost all known antibiotics are losing their activity against pathogenic organisms. Overuse and misuse of antimicrobials in animals and humans is contributing to the rising threat of antibiotic resistance as some types of infections in humans have already developed resistance to most of the antibiotics available for treatment.
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Assessment of the Microbiological Quality of the Medico-Technical Equipment, Surfaces, Premises and Staff Hands in the Department of Neonatology of the Departmental University Hospital Center of Ouémé-Plateau in Benin in 2018

Hospital hygiene is a set of preventive measures essential to ensure the quality of care in health facilities
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In Vitro Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Brucella Species Isolated from Human and Animals in India

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that affects a wide range of animals, including domestic livestock, and human. It is considered one of the most common bacterial zoonoses in the world. Endemic in many parts of India little is known about the antibiotic susceptibility or resistance of Brucella isolates from India.
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Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Pathogens Isolated from Surgical Site Infections at Public Health Facilities in Belize

Surgical site infections are amongst the leading cause of morbidity, mortality and cost due to increased hospital stay by patients. A study was conducted to understand antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of major pathogens isolated from surgical site infections in Belize.
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Bacteriology and Antibiogram of pathogens isolated from wound infections at Cheshire Hall Medical Laboratory, Turks and Caicos Islands

To identify pathogens that are frequently isolated from wound infections in the Turks and Caicos Islands and formulate antibiogram based on their patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility. Bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility data from 1343 wound swabs cultured at the Cheshire Hall Medical Laboratory between January 2013 and November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique was used to perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing. 79.1% of the 1343 swabs cultured were positive yielding a total of 1687 bacterial isolates. Frequently isolated bacteria included Staphylococcus aureus which accounted for 27.6% of isolates, approximately a third of which were methicillin resistant, Pseudomonas spp. (12.1%), Proteus spp. (8.2%), Enterococcus spp. (7.8%), E. coli (7.2%), Streptococcus agalactiae (6.1%), Klebsiella spp. (5.5%), Acinetobacter spp. (4.3%), coagulase negative Staphyloccus (4.0%) and Enterobacter spp. (3.7%). The overall highest resistance rates were seen among tetracycline (46.3%), erythromycin (37.6%) and ceftriaxone (34.2%). Imipenem, penicillin, meropenem and vancomycin had sensitivity rates ranging from 92.3% to 99.5%. Individual resistance rates varied among isolates, some differing significantly from overall rates. When tested against antibiotics routinely used to treat Pseudomonas spp., resistance rates ranged from 1.4-55.5%.
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Influences of Various Antibiotics on Clinical Biofilm Producing Staphylococcus Aureus Strains

Biofilm is the layer which is formed with the matrix produced through accumulation of the free organisms on a proper surface. This layer makes treatment of S.aureus infections difficult as it makes S.aureus resistant to antibiotics and inhibits phagocytosis.
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Utilization of Antibiotic among University Medical Students from Tripoli, Libya

Irrational antibiotic use has led society to antibiotic resistance, a serious health problem worldwide. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of antibiotics self-medication among university medical students in Tripoli city.
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Editorial Board Members Related to antibiotic

GEORGE DINOS

Associate Professor
Department of Biochemistry
University of Patras
Greece

BEDENIC BRANKA

Professor
Department of Microbiology
School of Medicine
University of Zagreb
Croatia

Antoine Trzcinski

Lecturer in Water and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
University of Southern Queensland
Australia

Naim Deniz Ayaz

Professor
Department of Food Hygiene & Technology
Kirikkale University
Turkey

Mariusz Cycon

Department of Microbiology and Virology
School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine
Medical University of Silesia
Poland

Frank Portugal

Associate Professor
Department of Biology
The Catholic University of America
United States

LUIS CLAUDIO NASCIMENTO DA SILVA

Department of Parasitary Biology
Ceuma University
Rua dos Castanheiros Jardim Renascença 65075120 - São Luís
Brazil

Zafar K. Khan

Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Drexel University
United States

Vladimir W. Spolsky

Associate Professor
Division of Public Health & Community Dentistry
School of Dentistry
University of California
United States

Andrzej Wernicki

Professor
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Life Sciences
Poland
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