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Articles Related to bacterial

Biofilm and Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) Producing Multi Drug Resistant Bacterial Uropathogens: A Challenge to Antibiotic Therapy in Nepal

Background: Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections encountered by clinicians in developing countries. A biofilm is a structured consortium of bacteria embedded in a self-produced polymer matrix consisting of polysaccharide, protein and DNA. Antibiotic resistance is a problem of deep scientific concern both in hospital and community settings. This study was aimed to determine the biofilm producers among multidrug uropathogenic bacteria isolated from urine cultures
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Antiradical and Antibacterial Activities of The Ethanolic Extract of Terminalia Avicennioides Guill. and Perr. (Combretaceae) from Chad

Oxidative stress associated with bacterial infections, are recognized as being a key factor in the appearance and complications of many chronic pathologies. To help overcome these difficulties, herbal remedies are one of the alternatives for the development of traditionally improved drugs. The objective of this work is to evaluate the antiradical and antibacterial activities of the ethanolic extract of the bark of the trunk of Terminalia avicennioides. Plant used in traditional medicine in Chad in the treatment of infectious diseases.
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Assessment of Bacteriological Quality of Raw Bulk Milk of Camel, Cow and Goat from Local Markets in Yabello District, Borana Zone, Oromia Regional State

The study was conducted from September 2020 to June 2021 to assess the bacteriological quality of raw bulk milk from urban and rural local market sites in Borana pastoral area of Oromia Regional State, Southern Ethiopia. A total of 78 milk samples were collected and analyzed for bacterial load using standard plate count and coliform count techniques and isolation of pathogenic bacteria was conducted. The total mean aerobic bacterial counts of raw bulk milk samples of camel, cow and goat were 8.51 log cfu/ml, 8.73 log cfu/ml and 8.54 log cfu/ml respectively. Regarding the location of milk market sites, the mean total aerobic bacterial count was 8.72 log cfu/ml and 8.49 log cfu/ml in urban and rural milk market sites respectively. The total mean coliform counts of raw bulk milk samples of camel, cow and goat were 6.51log cfu/ml, 6.55 log cfu/ml and 6.47 log cfu/ml respectively. Regarding the location of milk market sites the total mean coliform counts was 6.63 log cfu/ml and 6.40log cfu/ml from urban and rural milk market sites respectively. Comparing the mean differences of the total mean aerobic and coliform bacterial counts, there was no significant mean differences (p>0.05) among the animal milk samples. However, there was significant mean differences (p<0.05) among the milk market sites. Different bacterial species were isolated from camel, cow and goat raw milk sample from the urban and rural milk market sites. The major bacterial isolates were Staphylococcus (both pathogenic and non-pathogenic), Escherichia coli and Bacillus species. Generally, the unhygienic milk handling resulted in poor milk quality in the pastoral area. Therefore, there is a need of training for persons at the various milk market sites on strict hygienic measures to improve the bacteriological safety of cow milk.
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Photodegradation, Antibacterial & Antioxidant Assessment of Multifunctional Zinc Oxide Metal Nanoparticles Using Smilax aspera Leaf Extract: An Eco Approach

The endeavor of this research accounts for a superficial green route scheme by using an extract of leaves of Smilax aspera as a stabilizing and capping agent. Zinc Oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) were examined through UV-visible Spectrophotometer, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), EDX (Energy Dispersive X-rays spectroscopy), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The NPs demonstrates potential photo catalytic activity for the degradation of Methyl Orange (MO) and Methylene Blue (MB) dyes upon exposure to sunlight.
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Antibacterial Properties and Synthesis of Organoclay with Goji Berry

As it is known, organoclays are used in many fields such as cement, brick, tile, structural tile, floor tile, tiles, sanitary ware, filling, drilling, coatings, pottery, pottery, tile, glass, porcelain, electro porcelain, refractory industry, casting industry, cosmetics, bone cement and implants and food packaging. The antibacterial properties of organoclays, which can be used for multiple purposes, are of great importance.
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Novel Multi-Functional Dental Cement for Enamel Remineralization and AntiCariogenic Bacteria Activity

This experimental study evaluated the release of fluoride and several minerals related to remineralization from novel functional cement, apatite ionomer cement (AIC), and its anti-bacterial properties compared with glass ionomer cement (GIC) and surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer filler containing composite resin (giomer). Conventional GIC (Fuji III, GC Co., Tokyo, Japan) was used as the control and fundamental materials. In the AIC powder, 28% wt of GIC powder was replaced with spherical-shaped hydroxyapatite powder. The giomer, BeautiSealant (Shofu Co., Kyoto, Japan), was used as a positive control. Each specimen was immersed in deionized water and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (for Al, Si, P, Ca and Sr) and a fluoride-selective electrode. Antibacterial activity against Streptococccus mutans was evaluated using the adenosine-5’-triphosphate luminescence method. Concentrations of released ions from AIC specimens were significantly higher than those from GIC and giomer specimens. Regarding antibacterial activity, luminescence intensity of the AIC group was significantly lower than that of the control and giomer groups. It was concluded that AIC could be a most suitable material for pit and fissure sealant for enamel remineralization and anti-cariogenic and -bacterial activity.
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Tio2/Polymer Nanocomposites for Antibacterial Packaging Applications

Packaging material should meet many requirements for safe preservation of food and extend shelf life. Utilization of nanoparticles to prepare active packaging films has been widely investigated. This review deals with food packaging films modified with nano titania to enhance mechanical, barrier and antibacterial properties of the packages.
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Occurrence and Distribution of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Isolated in Gaoqiao Mangrove Wetland, China

Antibiotic usage is very popular in the clinical treatment to infective diseases resulting in the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are also extensively utilized in mariculture along the coastal area including the mangroves, however, the frequent usage of antimicrobial agents can induce to the bacterial resistance, and no research on this is found to date, as a result, the occurrence and distribution was investigated in Gaoqiao mangrove wetland, China in this research.
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Bacterial Probiotics their Importances and Limitations: A Review

Every animal hosts large number of microorganisms most of which affect its body positively. Such positive effect is induced by probiotics, live microbial food ingredients that alter the enteric microflora and have a beneficial effect on the health of an animal. There are many different varieties of friendly bacteria that exist naturally in foods or drinks, or can be added to foods or beverages to enhance health and wellbeing of animals. Thermal treatment and aseptic production of food strongly reduces the amount of microorganisms taken up. This alters the microbial composition in our digestive system.
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Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of the Novel Antibacterial Agent Methoxyphenyl-Oxime from Streptomyces pratensis QUBC97 Isolate

Streptomyces species are medically, industrially, and microbiologically important bacteria that are found in soils and other habitats. Streptomyces isolates and QUBC97 were cultured on a new medium (CCG). Agar plug diffusion test showed antibacterial activity. N-butanol extracts analysed by silica thin layer chromatography (TLC), HPLC purified and identified by MS analysis. QUBC97 was identified based on morphology, PCR, and DNA sequencing of two loci.
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Efficacy of Vitamin C Vaginal Suppository in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis a Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of vaginal vitamin C suppository and vaginal metronidazole in treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Double-blind randomized controlled trial. The study included women who presented to the outpatient gynecological clinic with a diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by amsels criteria. The included eligible women were randomly allocated in one of two groups: group I, including women who received vitamin C vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days; and group II, including women who received metronidazole 500 mg vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days. All included women were reviewed in 8-14 days after completion of treatment for reevaluation.
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Small-Intestinal-Bacterial-Overgrowth-in-Children-with-Functional-Dyspepsia-and-Duodenal-Ulcer-Disease

Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is present in more than the half of the world population. Most individuals are infected during early childhood; in developing countries, 50% of children are infected by the age of 5 years [1,2]. Studies suggest the main etiological role of HP infection in development of chronic gastroduodenal pathology and the formation of its most severe forms in patients of different age groups. However, not all infected people exhibit diseases associated with this bacterium. In addition, pathogenic mechanisms of duodenal ulcer disease (DUD) in childhood remain not fully understood.
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A New Bi-Functional Derivative of Polyethylene Glycol as Molecular Carrier for Eugenol and Ibuprofen

Eugenol (EU) and ibuprofene (IBU) were covalently bound to a bi-functionalized PEG, used as molecular carrier of drugs and the release kinetics of the two bioactive molecules was studied in vitro in buffer solution at pH 7.4, in simulated gastric fluid and in mouse plasma.
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Is There A Correlation Between Antibiotic Resistance and Decreased Susceptibility to Biocides in Different Genus of Bacterial Genera?

Serial dilutions were performed with six disinfectants and two antiseptics to study the MIC-dilution (maximal dilution of disinfectant or antiseptic that inhibits each microorganism) and that dilution was contrasted with the antibiograms of each of the 159 bacteria recently isolated from ICU patients.
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In-Vitro Antibacterial / Antifungal Screening of 2-Chloroquinoline Scaffold Derivatives

A series of differentiated 2-chloroquinoline derivatives (3-26) having various spacer groups between 2-chloroquinoline and aryl or heteroaryl ring were synthesized by chemical reactions involving nucleophilic addition, nucleophilic substitution, esterification and cyclization.
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Editorial Board Members Related to bacterial

ALBA A. TRESPALACIOS

Professor
Department of Microbiology
Pontificia Universidad Javeriana
Colombia

Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh

Professor and Head
Department of Mycology
Pasteur Institute of Iran
Iran

Antoine Trzcinski

Lecturer in Water and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
University of Southern Queensland
Australia

PATRICIA LANEE WEI DENNING

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Emory University Medical School
United States

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Chandra M Valmikinathan

Department of Biomedical Engineering
Georgia Institute of Technology
United States

Suresh G. Joshi

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Drexel University
United States

Frank Portugal

Associate Professor
Department of Biology
The Catholic University of America
United States

Monique Mancuso

Researcher
Coastal Marine Environment Institute (IAMC)
National Research Council (CNR)
Italy

Mojahid-ul-Islam

Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Lloyd Institue of management and Tech
India
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