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Articles Related to carcinoma

Multidetector CT Imaging of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Buccal Mucosa

This study aims at describing the CT imaging findings and role of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in evaluation of squamous cell carcinoma of buccal mucosa and its staging. The imaging findings in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral cavity allow the radiologist to accurately determine the extent and staging of disease thereby help clinicians plan appropriate treatment.
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Primary Epithelioid Sarcoma of Lacrimal Gland and Primary Renal Cell Carcinoma with whole Exome Sequencing: a Case Report

The 31-year old male patient with primary orbital epithelioid sarcoma of lacrimal gland in combination with primary renal cell carcinoma is being presented. Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare high-grade aggressive malignant soft tissue tumor. Until now, all reported cases were localized in the orbit, but to our knowledge, this is the first case primary localized in the lacrimal gland.
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Sysmex UD-10 should Accompany UF-5000 in Managing Atypical Cells in Urine

Sysmex UF-4000/5000 uses fluorescence flow cytometry technology and hydrodynamic focusing for urine sediment analysis, where particles are stained by specific fluorochromes for nucleic acids and surface structures and then sent through the semi-conductor laser beam. Atypical cells show side fluorescence and scattered light properties indicating their enlarged nuclei and increased nucleus/ cytoplasm ratio
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Cranial Vault Tumor Revealing Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma

Distant metastases from follicular thyroid carcinoma are not uncommon, but bone localization in the cranial vault is extremely rare. Although these metastases have a poor prognosis, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can improve quality of life. We report a case of follicular thyroid carcinoma revealed by a metastasis of the cranial vault initially diagnosed as meningioma.
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Oral Carcinoma in Young-Clinico-Pathological Profile and Survival Outcomes in a North Indian Population

To study the prevalence, clinico-pathological profile and survival outcome of oral squamous cell carcinoma in young patients (<40 years).
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Primary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Mandibular Bone, an Extremly Rare Case Report

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare epithelial neoplasm, that may affect the salivary glands. It comprises 30% of epithelial minor salivary gland tumors. We present the case of a 56-year-old non-smoking woman with no significant medical history. The MRI finds a lesional process involving the right hemi mandible, the right buccal floor, which extends towards the region of the masticators and infiltrates the submandibular gland. A bone biopsy of the mandible under general anesthesia was performed, showing an adenoid cystic carcinoma. After announcing the diagnosis to the patient, she refused any treatment
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Synchronous Contralateral Benign and Malignant Parotid Gland Tumors: Case Report

Multiple primary parotid gland tumors are rare, accounting for 1.7-5% of all parotid neoplasms, and the occurrence of bilateral parotid gland tumors is even lower (1.3-3.5%). These tumors can be synchronous or metachronous and the most common histologic type of bilateral parotid gland tumors is Warthin tumor (79.2-90%). Combined benign and malignant lesions and bilateral neoplasms of different histologic types are even less frequently found.
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Clinicopathological and Prognostic Value of Plasmacytoid subtype in Bladder Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The World Health Organization, in 2004, published a new classification that recognizes different histological variants (HV) of urothelial carcinomas
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Predictive Value of ERCC1 Expression on Treatment Response to Cisplatin-Based Regimens in Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Analysis

We aimed to determine whether the excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) expression predicts response to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). This was a retrospective study, in which hospital files of 31 patients (29 males, 2 females; mean age, 62.26±7.71 years) were reviewed. All patients were treated with etoposide+cisplatin. The lung biopsy and mediastinal lymph node samples were applied anti-human monoclonal antibodies against ERCC1: immunohistochemical staining was considered positive if 25-100% of the cells showed nuclear staining, and negative if less than 25% of the cells showed negative or slight staining. Response to treatment was evaluated as regression (complete or partial response), progressive disease, or stable disease. Of the patients, 18 (58.1%) had limited-stage, and 13 (41.9%) had extensive-stage SCLC. Median follow-up duration was 15 months (range: 1-60 months). ERCC1 staining was positive in 9 of 31 patients (29.0%). In 12 patients (38.7%), tumor regression (complete or partial response) was obtained after chemotherapy. Tumor regression rate was higher in ERCC1 positive patients than those with negative ERCC1 expression (66.7% vs. 27.3%, p=0.036). In conclusion, high expression of ERCC1 was associated with higher response rate to cisplatin-based regimens in patients with SCLC.
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Synchronous Papillary Carcinoma in Thyroglossal Duct Cyst and Thyroid Gland Associated to Untreated Midline Cervical Cleft: A Case Report

Thyroglossal duct cyst is the most common anomaly in thyroid development. Majority is benign, but 1% may be malignant. Papillary carcinoma is the most frequent thyroid cancer. The synchronous occurrence of thyroglossal duct cyst and thyroid carcinoma is rare and the association with another congenital malformation is extremely rarer. A 41-year-old woman was referred to our department with complaints of a midline cervical abnormality. Clinico-radiological evaluation suggested a thyroglossal duct cyst with non-palpable nodules of thyroid gland and a midline cleft with fibrous cord. Sistrunk’s procedure along with a total thyroidectomy associated to an excision and Z-plasty closure of this congenital cervical cleft were performed, followed by post-operative radioiodine ablation.
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Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the External Auditory Canal: Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal may masquerade as an infective process causing late diagnosis. A delay in treatment as a result of missed diagnosis would carry a poor prognosis as the disease progresses to an advanced stage. We present a case of a man with history of chronic otorrhea, who developed left sided otalgia associated with hearing loss. otoscopic examination shows a mass in her left ear and pus discharge which was initially treated as an infection. The biopsy of the mass was proven to be squamous cell carcinoma. High index of suspicion is necessary when encountering patients presenting with a mass in the ear canal with prior history of chronic otorrhea or cholesteatoma. Proper tissue biopsy is crucial. Early diagnosis is required for better prognosis for the patient.
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Accidentally Discovered Pure Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Gall Bladder: A Case Report

Squamous cell carcinoma of the gallbladder is rarely reported, comprises less than 1% of all gall bladder cancer and portends a worse prognosis than the more common adenocarcinoma. We report a 80-year-old female who presented with acute onset epigastric pain. She was operated on based on a presumptive diagnosis of acute on top of chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis according to clinical and ultrasonographic findings. Histopathological examination of the thickened wall of the gallbladder revealed well to moderately differentiated keratinized squamous cell carcinoma invading full wall thickness and infiltrating the liver. Further examinations revealed no other primary site for the tumour. Gallbladder cancer should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis in elderly patients presenting with cholecystitis.
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Paraneoplastic Urticarial Vasculitis and Recurrence of Prostatic Adenocarcinoma

Chronic urticaria is a common condition but its etiology can sometimes be serious. A variety of causes has been reported to induce urticaria, like food, infections, drugs or environmental factors. Although an association between chronic urticarial and malignancy has been occasionally reported, such association remains controversial because it’s difficult to demonstrate it’s not just coincidental. However, various cancers have been described in connection with this skin pathology such as thyroid, pulmonary or renal carcinoma. In all of these cases, treatment of the tumor led to prompt resolution of the urticarial lesions, thus suggesting a pathogenetic relationship between the two. We report the case of a man treated for several months without success for chronic urticaria whose treatment of the recurrence of his prostate cancer has removed the skin lesions.
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An Observational Chart Review of a Comparison of Generic to Reference Liposome-Encapsulated Doxorubicin Hydrochloride in Subjects with Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma Who Have Failed Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

This study tested for the effects of generic liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin hydrochloride (generic doxorubicin) compared to reference-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (reference doxorubicin) as a treatment for patients afflicted with epithelial ovarian carcinoma whose disease has progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy. Chart-reviews of actual patients enrolled in a community-based NIH trial suggest that both generic and reference liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCl) are equally effective as treatment for ovarian cancer carcinoma.
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Complete Clinical Response after Induction Chemotherapy Followed by Chemoradiotherapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Impact on Oncologic Outcomes

Objective: Concomitant chemoradiation (RCT) represents the standard of care for locally-advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC).Nevertheless induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by RCT is currently an attractive approach. Some trials showed a survival benefit of this therapeutic strategy. The aim of this study was to analyze complete clinical response (CCR) after IC and to assess its impact on disease control and survival.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Editorial Board Members Related to carcinoma

Norhafiza Mat Lazim

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgeon
School of Medical Sciences
Universiti Sains
Malaysia

MING-JEN CHEN

Assistant Professor
Division of Gastroenterology
Department of Internal Medicine
Mackay Medical College
Taiwan

Asma Amleh

Assistant Professor
Department of Biology
American University in Cairo
Egypt

AARON P. THRIFT

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Baylor College of Medicine
United States

Peter Schemmer

Professor
Department of General -, Visceral- and Transplant Surgery
University Hospital of Heidelberg
Germany

Lin Feng

Associate Professor
Bioinformatics Research Centre
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore

Steve A. Maxwell

Associate Professor
Department of Molecular and Cellular Medicine
Texas A&M Health Science Center
United States

KELLI BULLARD DUNN

Professor
Department of Surgery
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
University of Louisville School of Medicine
United States

Jorge Cerezal Garrido

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Medical school of the University Miguel Hernandez
Spain

Nallasivam Palanisamy

Associate Professor
Michigan Center for Translational Pathology
University of Michigan
United States
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