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Articles Related to epidemiologic

Epidemiology and Multidrug Resistance of Strongyle Nematodes in Ordos Finewool Sheep

Regular whole-flock treatments and long-term repeated use of similar anthelmintics has led to the development of anthelmintic resistance and widespread epidemic of sheep nematodiasis. The current work was carried out to understand the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes in Ordos fine-wool sheep and to evaluate the efficacy of currently used anthelmintics.
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Epidemiological Approach to Mortal Lesions-Traffic Accident in Yara Municipality, 2007, Cuba

The purpose of this article is to describe the epidemiological behavior of the mortal lesions in a traffic accident occurred in Yara, Municipality, Cuba, in 2007. Method: The clinical, radiological and anatomical-pathological variables of mortal lesions in the traffic accident as a result of the collision between a train and a bus in Veguitas town, in Yara, municipality of Granma province, on October 6th, 2007.
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Epidemiological, Clinical and Radiographic Profile of Thoracic Manifestations Associated with Sickle Cell Anemia in Adults at Teaching Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo in Ouagadougou at Burkina Faso

Sickle cell anemia is a public health priority, but do its chest manifestations always require a chest radiography ? Our study aims to determine the epidemiological, clinical and radiographic profiles of the thoracic manifestations in the drepanocytic adult in the city of Ouagadougou (BURKINA FASO).
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Epidemiological Profile of Congenital Cardiopathy Neonatal Revelation in Tehran

Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital disorder in newborns represents a major cause of perinatal death. The prevalence of these malformations is still unrecognized in Tunisia because of the lack of a national register. The aim of this study was describe the epidemiological and clinical aspects of the heart diseases with neonatal diagnosis in Tunisia.
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Decision-Making in Mastitis Prevention and Control at Regional, Herd and Individual Levels Based on Epidemiological and Economic Studies

The objective of this review is to describe results of epidemiological and economic studies carried out in Brazil that can assist in the decision making process at the region, herd and individual levels for the prevention and control of bovine mastitis. At regional and herd-levels, we present data from a time series analysis comparing somatic cell counts in herds located in Brazil and in the United States (US), an estimation of the prevalence of contagious mastitis pathogens in a specific population of herds located at the state of Minas Gerais, and finally we report the identification of risk factors for new and chronic intramammary infections within herds located at the state of Santa Catarina. The outcomes of epidemiological studies that support the decision making process at herd- and individual-level are related to the decrease in prevalence of contagious mastitis pathogens in the herd as well as the estimate of the economic impact of mastitis occurrence.
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Profile Clinical, Epidemiological of Patients Subject to Sedestation in Intensive Care Unit

The sedestation is defined as an act of sitting is a useful therapy for physiotherapy, have reported pulmonary effects ranging from increased lung compliance to improvement in oxygenation. There is lack of this study as a single therapy in critically ill patients, showing still not well defined.
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Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes in an Affected South Texas Population

Our research study on diabetic patients in a community in South Texas have shown that increasing age, male gender, married status, smoking history, limited education, and birth in Mexico are risk factors for observed increasing HbA1c and FBG. Elevated lipoprotein levels are particularly observed in type 2 diabetes. Low insulin levels and high BMI in this high risk population correlate to the severity of their diabetes. Moreover we have observed that being born in Mexico influences the patient’s method of treatment with use of oral or combined oral and parenteral routes with poor control of their diabetes. Perhaps the Hispanics born in Mexico may have limited knowledge of their disease influenced by their educational level, socioeconomic status, and prior misconceptions on appropriate methods of treatment(s).
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Sacrococcygeal Teratoma in a Developing Community

An epidemiologic data pool was formed from cases of SCT submitted as surgical specimens to a Reference Pathology Laboratory serving the Igbo Ethnic Group in South-Eastern Nigeria.
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Lip Cancer: Epidemiologic, Clinical, Evolutive, and Therapeutical Aspects

Lip cancer is relatively common, despite the progress seen recently in Morocco in terms of labial-jugal cancer reconstructions. Lip cancer is often seen in advanced stages and poses management problems.
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Mthfr c677t, Homocysteine and Risk of Splanchnic Vein Thrombosis: A Pooled Analysis of Published Epidemiological Studies

This meta-analysis aimed to comprehensively assess the literature examining a possible link between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene mutation and homocysteine and the risk of splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT).
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Infections Associated with Culture Isolated Fusobacterium Nucleatum: A Retrospective Analysis

The pathogenic potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and its significance in infections has gained new interest. This retrospective study assessed the epidemiology of patients with infections and culture isolated F. nucleatum at two county hospitals in Houston, Texas. Clinical, epidemiological and microbiological data were obtained from the electronic medical record for both Ben Taub General Hospital and Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2011.
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Salmonella Serovars and Their Host Specificity

Salmonella is a causative agent for a wide variety of pathological diseases in humans, cattle, poultry and other farm animals and hence Salmonella infections are a major cause of concern to humans, veterinary animals and to food industry.
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Understanding the Value of Case Reports and Studies in the Context of Clinical Research, Research Design, and Evidence-Based Practice

Case reports and studies may be defined as the non-experimental description of an individual or a few of cases in terms of new or unusual presentation of the diseases, an unexpected disease course or pathophysiology, and new effects (either beneficial or detrimental) of existing medications or procedures. Although they suffer from the non-experimental nature and other potential bias and errors, case reports and studies have played and will continue to play an important part in the advancement of medicine.
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Editorial Board Members Related to epidemiologic

NATASHA TASEVSKA

Assistant Professor
School of Nutrition and Health Promotion
Arizona State University
United States

Jayasimha Rao

Associate Professor
Jefferson College of Health Sciences
Department of Medicine
USA

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

AARON P. THRIFT

Assistant Professor
Department of Medicine
University of Baylor College of Medicine
United States

Maretha Visser

Professor
Department of psychology
University of Pretoria
South Africa

Douglas Wilson

Professor
School Medicine Pharmacy and Health
Durham University
UK
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