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Complex Decongestive Therapy and Additional Physiotherapy in Male Breast Cancer: A Case-Report

Introduction: Male Breast Cancer is a very rare disease associated with delayed diagnosis and a more invasive or aggressive tumor therapy, i.e., surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and hormone therapy. Lymphedema, shoulder joint restrictions, posture failures, sensitivity disorders, pain or cancer-related fatigue are common complaints.
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Immunity to Anaplasma marginale and Recent Advances in Vaccine Development

Anaplasma marginale is the etiological agent of bovine anaplasmosis, one of the most prevalent tick-borne diseases of cattle in tropical and subtropical regions that causes significant economic losses to cattle industry. Cattle that survive infection remain persistently infected for life. Immunity against A. marginale infection seems to require both humoral and cellular mechanisms. Antibodies against A. marginale neutralize bacteria by interacting with Major Surface Proteins (MSPs). For this reason, MSPs are believed to be one of the best candidate antigens for vaccine development. Research carried out in the last few years has helped us to understand the antigenic composition of A. marginale and to develop new potential vaccine formulations. Desirable bovine anaplasmosis vaccine must induce protective immunity as well as prevent infection and transmission
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The Sensory Attributes Potentiating Effect of Mid-Infrared Rays on Moringa Leaf

Moringa leaf (Moringa oleifera) is referred to as the “natural nutrition of the tropics”, and in the Philippines, as “mothers’ best friend”. It possesses many health benefits and is also used in disease prevention and therapy. The enhancement of moringa’s natural potency is a scientific challenge that has yet to be thought of. We found enhanced inherent characteristics in the moringa leaf by irradiating using our recently invented 2-6µm mid-infrared ray generating atomizer (MIRGA). The achieved benefits were a more desirable taste and aroma, and an enhanced shelf life, thus increasing the potential transportation distance, quality, and palatability. This scientific achievement was supported by suitable instrumentations and sensory evaluation
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Formulation and Evaluation of Clindamycin Peel-Off Gel Face Mask against Acne Vulgaris

The main aim of this project is to formulate and evaluate Clindamycin peel-off gel face mask against Acne vulgaris. Peel off gel mask of Clindamycin phosphate was formulated using different excipients like Triethanolamine, Carbopol, Polyvinyl Alcohol, Glycerine, Xanthan gum, and Benzyl alcohol. Formulation of different composition of polymer was formulated and their pH, extrudability, homogeneity, spreadability, viscosity, washability and other parameters like drug content, permeability and drug release were evaluated. The result showed that the concentration of PVA and Carbopol which are the main polymers used in the formulations had effect on the drug content, drug release, permeability, spreadability and other parameters. The peel off mask prepared by using different concentration of these two polymers showed satisfactory result in all the evaluated parameters.
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The Development of a Classification System for the Treatment of Scoliosis by the Side Shift Approach

The Side Shift approach to correction of scoliosis curves has been used by therapist at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital (RNOHT) for over 30 years. The Side Shift approach was developed by Mrs Min Mehta, and has been Modified using consensus based evidence of SOSORT. Clinical observations had indicated that not all patients could actively (Auto) correct to beyond the trunk midline, a key principle of Side Shift. At the RNOHT a classification system based upon the ability of an individual to auto-correct the spine during a Side Shift movement has been developed to aid the appropriate application of the shift exercises and allow future comparative analysi
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Theory of Mind Understanding and Socioeconomic Status

The participants underwent assessments across all Theory of Mind (ToM) tasks. All individuals were native speakers, comprising 74 from Iran and 66 from Sweden, aged 6-12, and included those with autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, and typical development. We conclude that children’s behavior serves as a scale for social and thought problem assessments, evaluated based on teachers' and parents’ scores.
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Value of Sugarcane Stalks in the Diet of Small Ruminants: Comparison of Protein Enrichment with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Produced By Solid-State Fermentation versus Protein Supplementation with Soybean Mea

A trial was carried out on growing lambs to compare conventional protein supplementation of sugarcane with soybean meal with Saccharomyces cerevisiae enrichment produced by solid-state fermentation. Yeast enrichment enabled sugarcane stalks to increase their crude protein content from 4% to 12%. No difference was obtained between these two forms of supplementation on the daily growth of 80.2 and 76.8 g per day for enriched and non-enriched sugarcane respectively.
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Using Motivational Interviewing in Drug Management: The Determinants, Progression, and Outcome

Substance use is a major health concern in developing countries with associated significant burden and challenges with management. In the management of substance use disorders, significant emphasis is place on motivational interviewing which has been found effective and contributes to well being and positive outcome of care. Therefore how long it takes to make a decision about change and sustain such is very critical in the management of drug use.
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The Impact of Seasonal Changes on Growth Performance, Rumen Fermentation, and Rumen Microbiota Structure of Yaks: An Analysis Using the Supplemented 2.5kg Concentrate Level as an Example

The study investigated the effects of supplementing the same level of concentrate in different seasons on the growth performance, rumen fermentation, serum biochemical index, and rumen microflora changes in yaks, to provide guidance on accurate feeding of yaks in cold and warm seasons. 12 healthy yaks weighing (124.21±15.64) kg were selected for the experiment, with a warm season group from August to October and a Cold season supplemental feeding group from October to December. The results showed that the mean daily gain was significantly higher in the warm season grazing group than in the cold season grazing group (p<0.05). Rumen fermentation, serum biochemical index, and rumen microflora changes also varied significantly between the two groups (p<0.05).
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Case of the Algerian Oasis after its Invasion by Modern Irrigation Techniques; Example of the Oasis of Beni Ounif in Southwest Algeria

The oasis of Beni Ounif depends on water to ensure its sustainability, like all the Algerian oases which suffer from overconsumption of this precious element in a desert of more than two million kilometers. Because it is the most important factor in preserving the lives of all who live in this arid environment.
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The cause of Alzheimer's Disease & Relative Dementias is Brain Information Processing Impairments

In the last decade, neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and various forms of Dementia) have become a challenging problem facing contemporary society, placing on it a strong economic, social, and healthcare burden. Despite huge and long-lasting efforts, the progress in solving these problems remains unsatisfactory
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Horizontal Natural Product Transfer: The Origin of the Widespread Alkaloidal Contaminations of Herbal Products

Alarmed by numerous worrying reports by the European Food Safety Authority related to widespread contaminations of plant-derived commodities by poisonous alkaloids (nicotine, pyrrolizidine alkaloids), the sources of these alkaloidal contaminations were investigated. Our studies revealed that alkaloids, which have been leached out from decomposing alkaloidal donor plants, are taken up by the roots of acceptor plants growing in their vicinity. Based on these results the so-called “Horizontal Natural Product Transfer
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Monodora Myristica Protects Against Oxidative Stress in the Drosophila Melanogaster Model of Lead-Induced Neurotoxicity

Background to Study: Lead (Pb) is ubiquitous in the environment and toxic. It has many negative effects on many organs and induces biochemical, physiological, and behavioural alterations on the brain. Monodora myristica is a calabash nutmeg belonging to the family of Annonaceae.It is a rich source of flavonoids which have been shown to exhibit both antioxi-dant and anti-inflammatory properties. We evaluated the protective role of Monodora myristica on lead-induced toxicity in D. melanogaster in this study
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Associations between Attachment Style and Emotion Regulation among Parents of Children with Behavioral and Emotional Problems: The Role of Parental Feelings and Self-Compassion

This study investigated the mediating role of self-compassion and parental feelings in the relationship between attachment styles and difficulties in the emotion regulation (ER) among parents of children with emotional and behavioral problems. The study drew on a sample of 662 parents attending a child and adolescent psychiatric center in an Israeli public hospital
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Mobile Based Cognitive Retraining In Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Single Case Study

Objective: The present study aims to explore the benefits of using D-CAP, an android based cognitive training app in Mild Cognitive Impairment(MCI). Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transient phase between normal age related cognitive decline and dementia, with deficits in memory, executive function and speed of processing. D-CAP is an app-based cognitive retraining program provided by downloading an application that can be installed on an android phone, developed by Prof Keshav Kumar. Patients were self trained on the app. Weekly contact with the patient along with the caregiver is made to ensure adherence to the program
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Introduction to the special issue on ‘Nanostructures by Valve Metal Anodization’

With this special issue of JMSN we are pleased to present significant contributions to a fascinating topic in the field of materials nanostructing, which is the anodization of valve metals. By this treatment porous oxides of controlled geometry can be grown on the respective metal surfaces. To date, aluminum (Al) has been used most often, as confirmed in this special issue where nine out of ten contributions deals with its anodization.
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Ordered Growth of Anodic Aluminum Oxide in Galvanostatic and Galvanostatic-Potentiostatic Modes

The results are presented of obtaining anodic aluminum oxide with an ordered pore arrangement by employing two anodizing modes - galvanostatic mode and combined (galvanostatic + potentiostatic) mode, at high values of the current density and voltage. Use has been made of an oxalate electrolyte and a complex electrolyte comprising oxalic acid and phosphoric acid. Scanning electron microscopy has been used to investigate the surface morphology of the barrier and porous layers and to determine pore sizes and inter-pore distance.
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Anodic Porous Alumina Array for Cyanine Fluorophore Cy3 Confinement

Self-organized anodic porous alumina films with hexagonal pore lattice have attracted a considerable attention for biological arrays and confinement of various organic probes dyes in solutions. A molecular structure with axial symmetry in bis-heterocyclic indole chains and conjugate system, such as cyanine fluorophore Cy3 dye, was investigated here with respect to its fluorescence when loaded in the anodic alumina pores.
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Anodizing for Design and Function

Two basic reactions occur during the anodizing of aluminum: 1) the aluminum is consumed and 2) an oxide grows. By accepting this statement as true, the anodizing process can be viewed as a corrosion process, and anodizing can be modeled using the Tafel Equation. Anodizing process parameters of electrolyte chemistry and concentration, temperature, aluminum substrate resistance and current density are presented as they relate to the Tafel Equation and how they impact the anodic aluminum oxide structure and properties. Understanding this relationship is consequent in making anodizing an engineering process, one that enables tuning the structure such that it yields distinct characteristics to fulfill design and application requirements.
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Recent Developments in Human Odor Detection Technologies

Human odor detection technologies have drawn attention due to the wide possibility of potential applications they open up in areas such as biometrics, criminal investigation and forensics, search for survivors under rubble, and security checkpoint screening. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) has been the most successful and powerful analytical approach developed to date for human odor analysis, and hundreds of human odorants have been identified using this tool.
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Electronic-nose Applications in Forensic Science and for Analysis of Volatile Biomarkers in the Human Breath

The application of electronic-nose (E-nose) technologies in forensic science is a recent new development following a long history of progress in the development of diverse applications in the related biomedical and pharmaceutical fields. Data from forensic analyses must satisfy the needs and requirements of both the scientific and legal communities. The type of data collected from electronic-nose devices provides a means of identifying specific types of information about the chemical nature of evidentiary objects and samples under investigation using aroma signature profiles of complex gaseous mixtures containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from manufactured products and parts of the human body. E-nose analyses also provide useful qualitative information about the physicochemical characteristics and metabolic conditions of human subjects without the need for time-consuming analyses to identify all chemical components in human-derived volatile mixtures.
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Analysis of Sweat Simulant Mixtures using Multiplexed Arrays of DNA-Carbon Nanotube Vapor Sensors

Carbon nanotube (NT) based electronic vapor sensors were tested against synthetic sweat solutions, consisting of 13 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in saline, in order to probe the device ability to analyze and differentiate vapors derived from complex biological samples.
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Characteristic Human Scent Compounds Trapped on Natural and Synthetic Fabrics as analyzed by SPME-GC/MS

The collection of human odor volatiles is of interest to forensic applications as a path to investigate canine scent discriminations in legal investigations. A study using a selected array of previously identified human odor compounds has been conducted to determine the retention and release capabilities of five (5) natural and synthetic fabric types, cotton (mercerized fabric and gauze matrix), polyester, rayon and wool.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Anodic Oxidation of Titanium in Sulphuric Acid and Phosphoric Acid Electrolytes

Anodisation of pure titanium has been carried out in sulphuric and in phosphoric acid solutions at potentials ranging from 50 to 150V. The SEM and AFM morphological analysis indicates that, within this potential range, oxidation in sulphuric acid solution produces better developed mesoporous oxide layers.
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Fabrication of Ordered Arrays of Anodic Aluminum Oxide Pores with Interpore Distance Smaller than the Pitch of Nano-pits formed by Ion Beam Etching

We investigated a method for preparation of ordered nanopore arrays with the interpore distance of 60 nm by guided self-organization of anodic aluminum oxide with a prepatterned array of pits in the starting Al film.
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Fabrication of Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 Nanowire Arrays by Two-Step Electroplating Method into Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template

Vertical Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) nanowire arrays have been synthesized via two-step electroplating method into anodized aluminum oxide template. For deposition of CZTS nanowires, anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) was used as the growth mask for the growth of the nanowires. AAO templates with hole sizes of 70 nm in diameter were used in the experiments.
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Fabrication and Luminescence of Anodic Alumina with Incorporated Vanadyl Citrate Chelate Anions

Anodic aluminum oxide doped with vanadyl citrate chelate complex anions was formed by a two-step self-organized anodization in 2 wt. % sulfuric acid containing 0.04 M V2O5 and 0.08 M citric acid at voltage range 13-23 V, and at 0 and 15 oC. The combination of two temperatures and at least four voltages (depending on the applied temperature) was applied as the operating conditions of anodization.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to m

Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh

Professor and Head
Department of Mycology
Pasteur Institute of Iran
Iran

Yadigar Imamverdiyev

Institute of Information Technology
Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences
Azerbaijan

Mohammad Mohammad Al-Sehimy

Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
Cairo University
Egypt

M. Cuneyt Bagdatli

Associate Professor
Department of Biosystem Engineering
Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University
Turkey

Nejat Dalay

Professor
Istanbul University Oncology Institute
Turkey

OSAMA ALI MOHAMED IBRAHEIM

Professor
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
College of Medicine
Assiut University
Egypt

Rasmia Sayed Sayed Darwesh

Professor
Central Laboratory for Date Palm Research and Development
Agriculture Research Center
Egypt

Kishor K. Bhakat

Associate Professor
Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Anatomy
University of Nebraska Medical Center
United States

Dayong Wu

Associate Professor
Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
Tufts University
United States

Stephen Michael Kavic

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
United States
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