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Articles Related to obesity

Anthropometric Measures of Obesity to Predict Mortality using Edmonton’s Obesity Staging System, among Young Sudanese Females at Khartoum Locality, Sudan

Obesity is considered a serious health hazard. It predisposes the individual to many disorders, such as diabetes and heart disease, it shortens the life span, and it complicates childbirth and surgery. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted in health centers at Khartoum locality during November 2018- January 2019; aimed to predict mortality among a young female Sudanese population enrolled in health centers.
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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity among Adults in the Selected Towns of Western Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study

The risk of overweight and/ or obesity is one of the increasing conditions worldwide touching both the developed and developing countries. It is becoming much devastating specially in town population. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the associated risk factors among adults residing in the selected towns of western part of Ethiopia.
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Comparative Effect of a High Fat with or without High Levels of Sucrose Diets on Peripheral Neuropathy in C57BL/6J Mice

Feeding mice a diet containing high fat and high sucrose has been promoted as a good model for type 2 diabetes. This study sought to determine the effect of feeding mice a high fat and high sucrose diet on neuropathy compared to mice fed only a high fat diet and mice fed a high diet and treated with streptozotocin.
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Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) in Healthy Obese Adults

It was a cross-sectional study including 434 apparently healthy subjects (194 males) divided into two groups: i) obese (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m²) and ii) non-obese (BMI < 30 Kg/m²). Exclusion criteria were: current smokers, asthma, medicine intake interfering with FeNO levels, and abnormal lung function tests. The FeNO measurements were performed before spirometry. Student t test was performed to compare between the two groups. The Spearman correlation between BMI and FeNO levels was evaluated. The Piecewise linear regression with breakpoint was assessed to define the breakpoint of inflammation related to obesity.
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Does Obesity Increase the Risk of Brain Damage following COVID-19 Infection?

Neurological impairments associated with Covid-19 have been the subject of numerous investigations since the end of 2019, when the SARS-CoV-2 virus appeared and showed a staggering rise worldwide. Neuroimaging in patients infected with Covid-19 revealed the apparition of severe brain pathologies, such as acute perfusion deficits and white matter abnormalities, meningeal enhancement, basal ganglia lesions, intracranial hemorrhage, encephalitis, cerebral venous thrombosis, encephalopathy, and stroke [1,2].
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How Nurse Education Impacts Her Career?

A great proportion of healthcare services need high-quality medication and nursery. For high-quality nursery needs best nurses and their education. Gradually, different types of nursery education systems can impact their life and career. In the future, more parameters can be used for judging the quality and promotion of nurses. This editorial addresses different educational efforts for their progresses in medical knowledge promotion, technical capability improvement and salary promotion.
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Ketogenic Diet Versus a Standard Low-Calorie Diet to Treat Mildly Obese Patients in an Outpatient Clinic: An Observational Retrospective Study

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet (VLCKD) compared to a LowCalorie Diet (LCD) in the treatment of mildly obese patients. We aimed to highlight the difference in weight loss, compliance, physical activity levels and drop-out rates between the VLCKD group and the standard LCD one.
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Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds and Vagal Tone are Different in Patients with Overweight or with Obesity: Practical Consequencies

Urinary Volatile Organic Compounds have been associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus and overweight and may correlate with Exhaled Volatile Organic Compounds (E-VOCs).
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Relationship between Body Mass Index and Diagnosis of Obesity in the Military Health System Active Duty Population

The overall rate of obesity is rising in the United States; this is also reflected in the military population. It is important that providers appropriately diagnose obesity and discuss treatment options with their patients.
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Overweight and Obesity and their Relationship with Glucose Dysregulation in the Nigerian Youth

Fasting plasma glucose is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease in obese children. This study aimed to evaluate the association between WC, BMI and WHtR and blood glucose in children.
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Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
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Increased expression of Nppc and Npr2 in ovarian tissues from mice with polycystic ovary syndrome

Weight loss is an efficient therapy for obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Here we evaluate the effect of dietary weight reduction on clinical performance in obese PCOS patients. Medical records of fifty obese PCOS patients (age 27 ± 5 years) who had calorie-controlled dietary intervention were reviewed. The patients had a 1200-kcal/day diet until ovulation or for up to three months. Changes in body weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, menstruation, acne, and hirsutusm, serum levels of endocrine hormones and adipocytokines, glucolipid metabolism index and insulin resistance were assessed. Menstrual cycle, ovulation andrelapse in the following six months were also reviewed. All patients had menstrual disorder, 43 had acne, and 26 were hirsute. After weight loss, the BMI decreased from 27.89 ± 3.06 to 25.70 ± 2.42 kg/m2 (p < 0.001). Acne and hirsutusm was improved in 39 and 14 patients, respectively. Regular menstruation was restored in 26 patients and lasted for 3.12 months on average. Endocrine hormones levels, adipocytokines levels, glucolipid metabolism and insulin resistance were shifted toward balance. Weight relapse was seen in 11 patients. No side effects occurred. Dietary intervention in obese PCOS patients can improve relevant clinical problems but weight relapse is an issue
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Comparison of Outcomes Following Revisional Laparoscopic Gastric Band, Sleeve Gastrectomy and Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

The number of bariatric procedures being performed worldwide has increased markedly over the past two decades and this has led to revisional bariatric surgery being increasingly performed.
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Effect of Body Mass Index on 30-day and 1-year Mortality after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

Obesity contributes to chronic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure, disease states that negatively affect life expectancy.
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Metabolic Effects of an Inositol-Resveratrol Nutraceutical Combination in Non-Diabetic Overweight/Obese Subjects with Altered Glucose Tolerance

Insulin resistance (IR) is almost constistently associated with overweight or obesity in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Nutraceutical compounds improving insulin resistance (IR) may be useful in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors in metabolic diseases.
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Editorial Board Members Related to obesity

SHAMSUN NAHAR

Professor
Department of Family & Community Medicine
King Khalid University
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

DONALD K. INGRAM

Adjunct Professor
Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Louisiana State University
United States

Theresa Loomis

Director
M.S.Nutrition and Dietetics Program
State University of New York
USA

Riyadh Khudhair Lafta Al-Juboori

Professor
College of Medicine
Mustansiriya University
Iraq

JOE DEUTSCH

Associate Professor
Department of Health, Nutrition and Exercise Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

Korinn Saker

Associate Professor
College of Veterinary Medicine
North Carolina State University
United States

Osama Mohamed Ahmed

Professor of Physiology
Physiology Division
Zoology Department
Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University
Egypt

Sununta Youngwanichsetha

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Nursing
Prince of Songkla University
Thailand

KEQUAN ZHOU

Associate Professor
Department of Nutrition & Food Science
Wayne State University
United States

Tingzhong Yang

Professor and Director of Social Medicine
Zhejiang University
China
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