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Articles Related to AIDS

Stigma and Discriminatory Attitude towards People Living with HIV/AIDS among High School Students

In 1987, the World Health Organization Global Programme on AIDS identified three phases of the HIV/AIDS epidemic: the epidemic of HIV, the epidemic of AIDS, and the epidemic of stigma and discrimination. The report also notified that the third phase is a central issue to the global AIDS challenge and the disease itself. Despite continued multilateral efforts to tackle HIV/AIDS, stigma and discrimination remain among the most poorly understood aspects of the epidemic. In this paper, stigma and discriminatory attitude among high school students was assessed.
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Risky Sexual Practices among Adolescents Living with HIV Accessing HIV and AIDS Care Services at Health Facilities in the Central Region of Uganda

Adolescents living with HIV in Uganda are sexually active just like their uninfected peers. With the availability of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the surviving population of adolescents prenatally infected with HIV is increasing and they are becoming sexually active.
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Analysis of Trends in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS Related Conditions in Masvingo Province 2004-2009

Globally 42 million adults and children are estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS of which 22 million of these cases are in Sub Sahara Africa. In Zimbabwe 1.6 million adults aged 15 years and above are living with HIV/ AIDS and in Masvingo Province HIV/AIDS is ranked 2nd on the top ten causes of OPD attendance.
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Empowering Key Populations (Kps) to Effectively Demand for Equal HIV/AIDS Services

AGHA in partnership with THETA and MNL with funding from CDC is implementing a Local Capacity Initiative project aimed at building capacity of CSOs working with KPs in Mukono, Kampala and Wakiso to advocate for improved HIV services. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among the general population stands at an average of 7.3% while among SWs is 35-37% and MSM at 13.7% between the age of 18-24.Over 40-50% of the new infections come from KPs (UAC, HIV /AIDS Indicator survey 2011). Programs targeting KPs continue to be characterized by limited coverage, poorly linked care, treatment and referral services. The project has increased capacity of 15 CSOs to demand accountability from government on national commitments on KPs; increased capacity of KPs to identify the legal and policy framework that impede equitable access, increased participation and representation of community leaders and KPs living with HIV in the governance structures that influence health services delivery.
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Chronic Pain – Can It Be Cured?

Chronic pain is currently treated with several drugs and therapies that can be helpful, but usually do not cure chronic pain. In fact, many drug therapies make the pain worse or are toxic to the patient. Chronic pain treatment frequently involves oral or injected drugs because the perception is that chronic pain comes from an internal source. Chronic pain, and all other forms of pain, should be treated in the skin. Mechanisms of induction of chronic pain will be discussed and skin targets for the treatment and cure of chronic pain will be presented.
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Clients’ Perceptions of HIV/AIDS Supportive Counseling in Botswana: A Qualitative Study

The United Nations has created the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) initiative in an attempt to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic worldwide by the year 2030. In an effort to assist in the SDG cause, the current study sought to obtain data from clients in Botswana regarding the perceptions of their experiences with HIV/AIDS counseling from 25 randomly selected hospitals/clinics.
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Predictors of Delayed Diagnosis and Evolution in Sub-Saharan Immigrants with HIV Infection in a Hospital in Madrid (2004–2013)

The aim of this study was to analyze the delayed diagnosis and evolution of HIV infection in predominantly sub-Saharan immigrants compared to other patients in a hospital in Madrid between 2004 and 2013. We retrospectively analyzed new HIV diagnoses. Late presentation or advanced disease were considered the presence of CD4 lymphocyte counts less than 350 or 200 cells/µl at diagnosis, respectively, or an AIDS-defining disease regardless of the CD4 count. Patients were compared according to their origin and sex.
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The Psychosocial Factors that Influencing HIV-AIDS Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence

The socio-cultural context of illness has become a major research area, and it has made significant contributions to our understanding of the socio-cultural dimensions of illness. In this article, we briefly trace the roots of a socio-cultural approach to illness, and we present some of the key findings of socio-cultural organized under main themes. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy drugs in the treatment of HIV infection is complicated because of many psychosocial factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the psychosocial factors involved in non-compliance with ART among people infected with HIV in Alert Hospital in Ethiopia.
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Reasons for hospitalization of HIV-positive patients in Riga East clinical University hospital, Latvia, 2014

HIV/AIDS occupy a special place among other diseases. It is Incurable and frightening disease, causing anger and denial. In the consciousness of people it is associated with violations of the norms of morality and causes condemnation.
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An Introduction to the Approaches of Novel Drug Delivery Systems for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The currently available anti HIV agents have several drawbacks such as short half life, low bioavailability, poor CNS penetration and retention, hepatic first pass metabolism, undesirable side effects and frequent dosing regimen.
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Stigma, Persecution, and Neglect: HIV in Russian Men Who Have Sex with Men

Russia’s HIV epidemic has received considerable academic and mainstream press attention in recent weeks, following Moscow’s fifth annual Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS Conference in March, and its Federal AIDS Center’s announcement in January that the number of HIV cases in the country had broken the one million mark.
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The Ongoing Battle for Syringe Exchange

Syringe exchange programs (SEPs) have been shown to be effective in reduction of infectious disease rates in several studies over the years.
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Assessment of Nutritional Knowledge of HIV Positive Adult Patients of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex Ile - Ife, Nigeria

The study examined the content of nutritional counseling package in the Institute of Human Virology, Nigeria (IHVN) Clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex Ile-Ife, assessed the nutritional knowledge and factors influencing nutritional knowledge of HIV positive adults receiving care at the clinic.
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HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge among Persons with Physical Disability in Cameroon: A Qualitative Study

The physically disabled have historically been excluded from HIV planning and programming largely due to perceptions that they are not sexually active.
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Living a Dual Life: Multiplicity of Sexual Risks among Men who have Sex with Men ‘and’ Women in Bhutan

Among bisexual MSM also called “men-on-the-down-low”, sexuality driven risks stimulate spectrum of vulnerabilities for both genders.
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Editorial Board Members Related to AIDS

RAJNISH S. DAVE

Associate Scientist
Department of Neuroscience
Temple University
United States

YARON NIV

Clinical Professor of Medicine
Tel-Aviv University
Israel

Emmanuel Ho

Assistant Professor
Department of Immunology
University of Manitoba
Canada

Mariusz Cycon

Department of Microbiology and Virology
School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine
Medical University of Silesia
Poland

Chandan Saha

Associate Professor
Department of Biostatistics
School of Medicine
Indiana University
United states

Huangui Xiong

Professor
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience
University of Nebraska Medical Center
United States

SHITTU RASAQ OLATUNJI

Head of Department of HIV/AIDS and Family Medicine
Kwara State Specialist Hospital
Nigeria

Esam Z. Dajani

Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Loyola University
USA

Jennifer Chan

Associate Professor
Institute for Gender, Race, Sexuality and Social Justice
University of British Columbia
Canada

Bechan Sharma

Professor
Department of Biochemistry
University of Allahabad
India
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