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Articles Related to BAT

Insights into the Potential of Green Algal Polysaccharides Potential to Combat Uropathogenic Proteus mirabilis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus Biofilms

Biofilms are complex sessile microbial community extremely resistant to antibiotics. They typically form on both biotic and abiotic surfaces and are usually associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity in patients in hospital settings. Nosocomial infections are the major cause of infections seen worldwide. Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) represent the most common type of nosocomial infection that affect different parts of the urinary tract in both males and females.
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Reproduction and pre-weaning Growth Performances of Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus) Fed on the diets containing Ipomea batatas Leaves and/or Stylosanthes guianensis Meal

To contribute to the efficient satisfaction of nutrient needs of guinea pigs, a study on the effect of the inclusion of Ipomea batatas leaves and Stylosanthes guianensis meal on the reproductive performance of guinea pigs was carried out between October 2019 and January 2020 in the Animal Production and Nutrition Research Unit of the University of Dschang. 80 guinea pigs including 64 females and 16 males weighing 448 ± 50 g and aged between 5 and 6 months were identified and distributed randomly into 4 groups of 20 animals each.
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Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2): A Cross-Cultural Comparison for Surinamese Children at 5 Years of Age

The Movement Assessment Battery for Children (MABC) is used globally to identify and describe impairments in motor development in children; however, norms for Surinamese children are lacking. We thus conducted a cross-cultural comparison for Surinamese children 5 years–5 years and 6 months using the Dutch/Flemish (NL) and United Kingdom (UK) norms of the MABC, second edition (MABC-2).
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Importance of Bats (Order Chiroptera) in Agricultural Services

Bats (order Chiroptera) are one of the diverse mammal groups and distinguishing from other mammals by their real flight. Bats have long been postulated to play essential roles in agriculture including arthropod suppression, seed dispersal, pollination, biological indicator, organic fertilizer provider (guano) and improving soil structure, etc.
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Two Approaches in the Cosmetic Reabilitation of Patients with Post-Traumatic Subatrophy of the Eyeball

To define groups of patients who may hold prosthetics subatrophic eyes and removes the eye with subsequent prosthetics. Under observation from 2010-2017 was 152 patients with posttraumatic subatrophy (the average age is 46.1 years), divided into 2 groups: 1-102(67,1%) patient who underwent enucleation with the for-mation of the locomotor stump - 56 (55,0%), evisceration - 46 (45,0%); and group 2 - 50 (32.9%) and patients who have had prosthetic subatrophic eyes.
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Complex Assessment of Combat Neurotrauma

This study explores the patterns of twelve male OIF-OEF combat veterans with the Tactual Performance Test (TPT) in cases of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and blast-related mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or with PTSD only. 6 were dual diagnosed with PTSD+mTBI and 6 with PTSD-o. Last deployment ranged from 10 to 3.5 years.
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Tracing Echinococcosis in Portugal - The Role of the Abattoirs in North Douro Region

The occurrence of cystic echinococcosis (CE) at a national level or in large regional areas is an issue difficult to determine in a cost-effective way, integrating both human and animal data, and thus leading to effective control measures. In Portugal, the abattoirs in north Douro region receive a large percentage of heads of cattle from the whole country which makes them ideal places for the implementation of a surveillance system for this zoonosis. Data was obtained for cattle slaughtered in 9 abattoirs in north region of Douro River, with visible CE-like cysts at meat inspection. An excel database was constructed with the records of condemned viscera due to hydatid cysts in cattle for 2008, 2009, 2010, and the first half of 2011. Most of the cysts were found in the lungs and livers (23.5%), only in livers (21.5%) or only in lungs (18.1%). Individual information concerning each animal contributed to the depiction of a distribution map by regions of the occurrence of positive cases in Portugal. From the 149 cases registered, it was possible to identify the place of infection in 93 cases (62.4%), in which the rate of distribution was 21 (22.6%) in the north, 14 (15.1%) in the center, 57 (61.3%) in Alentejo and 1 case (1.1%) in Algarve. This distribution of cases coincides with the location of human and animal cases reported before, with special focus on the Alentejo and in the northeast of the country.
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Neuropsycological Function, Insight, and Treatment Adherence among Patients with Schizophrenia

Research has suggested that poor insight in patients with schizophrenia is associated with poorer treatment compliance. One factor ontributing to poor insight may be neurocognitive deficits. The aim of the current study is to explore the relationship between cognitive insight, clinical insight, treatment adherence, executive functions and sustained attention within patients with schizophrenia. The study was conducted on 41 patients with schizophrenia using the Beck cognitive insight scale, the schedule for assessment of insight, the drug attitude inventory and two neuropsychological tests.
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Individual Implants-Retained Maxillary and Mandibular Overdentures with Limited Vertical and Horizontal Space: A Clinical Case Report

Many clinical cases and literature review have revealed the implant-retained-overdentures (IROs) treatment success and predictability in elderly patients. According to the previous studies IROs treatment in maxillary arch prefer implants connected by a bar, while in mandibular arch the first option is to use un-splinted implants when 2 implants have been inserted. The aim of this clinical case report is to present prosthetic rehabilitation of both maxillary/mandibular arches with IROs. In this report four individual implants retained maxillary overdenture, and two individual implants retained mandibular overdenture were fabricated, due to the lack of sufficient vertical crown height space (CHS) and horizontal space. The patient was followed-up for more than 24 months with no complications.
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Adolf Hitler and the psychiatrists: Psychiatric debate on the German Dictator’s mental state in The Lancet

Adolf Hitler’s sanity was questioned by many, including psychiatrists. Attempts to understand the German dictator’s mental state started with his ascension to power in 1933 and continue up to the present, providing a historiography that is far more revealing about changing trends in medicine than it is about his mental state. This paper looks at the public comments of various psychiatrists on Hitler’s mental state, commencing with his rise to power to 1933 and culminating in defeat and death in 1945. The views of the psychiatrists were based on public information, largely derived from the news and often reflected their own professional bias. The first public comment on Hitler’s mental state by a psychiatrist was by Norwegian psychiatrist Johann Scharffenberg in 1933. Carl Jung made several favourable comments about him before 1939.
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Predictors of Stress Fracture Susceptibility in Arab Female Military Recruits during Combat Training: A Preliminary Study

Military recruits and athletes regularly engaging in vigorous physical activities are at increased risk for sustaining lower limb overuse injuries.
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Prone Airway Management in Patients with Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are a critical but manageable complication commonly seen in bed-bound patients. Utilizing the Wound Bed Preparation (WBP) model, it is often necessary to perform surgical debridement in prone position for patients with stage III or IV sacral pressure ulcers to avoid infection and further complications.
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Food Processing Technology and Packaging: A Case Study of Indian Cashew-nut Industry

India is the global leader in world cashew business and cashew-nut industry is one of the important food processing industries in world.
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The Ongoing Battle for Syringe Exchange

Syringe exchange programs (SEPs) have been shown to be effective in reduction of infectious disease rates in several studies over the years.
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Addressing the Risk of Product Fraud: A Case Study of the Nigerian Combating Counterfeiting and Sub-Standard Medicines Initiatives

Combating counterfeit medicines requires a new and unique crime scene investigation and forensic science approach. The “crime scene” is both at the production of the counterfeit product anywhere in the world and simultaneously at the packaged product in a consumer’s hand.
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The Effects of the Film Thickness and Roughness in the Anodization Process of Very Thin Aluminum Films

The anodization of aluminum foils having micrometer thickness is a common process and results in hexagonally self-ordered alumina membranes. However, anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes fabricated from nanometer-thin films present new challenges to the anodization process, since aluminum films adheres poorly on supporting substrates and the smoothness of the film is highly related to the kind of substrate.
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Synthesis of BaTiO3 Nanowires via Anodic Aluminum Oxide Template Method Assisted by Vacuum-and-Drop Loading

In this paper, we report on the synthesis of BaTiO3 nanowires via the anodic aluminum oxide template method. To fill in the precursors of BaTiO3 into anodic aluminum oxide templates, the vacuum and drop loading method developed in our previous study was used. Ba(CH3COO)2 (barium acetate) and C12H28O4Ti (tetraisopropyl orthotitanate) were used as Ba and Ti sources, respectively. Anodic aluminum oxide membranes with the through-hole diameter of ~200 nm were used as the template for BaTiO3 nanowires.
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Editorial Board Members Related to BAT

Nabil Zouari

Professor
Department of Environmental Microbiology
Qatar University
Qatar

Peter L. Bordi

Associate Professor
School of Hospitality Management
Pennsylvania State University
United States

Ji Ho Youk

Professor
Department of Advanced Fiber Engineering
Inha University
Korea

Seyed Khosrow Tayebati

Professor
Department of Experimental Medicine and Public Health
University of Camerino
Italy

Loai Aljerf

Professor
Department of Basic Sciences
Faculty of Dental Medicine
Damascus University
Syria

Shirley Mcilvenny

Professor
Department of Health and Nutrition
National Institute of Integrative Medicine
Australia

LOUISA B. TABATABAI

Professor
Roy J. Carver Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Iowa State University
United States

Jacque Nyenhuis

Assistant Professor
Nutrition and Exercise Sciences
St. Catherine University
United States

Leslie Glasser

Professor
Department of Chemistry
Curtin University
Australia

Hossein Ranjbar

Assistant Professor of Nursing
Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences
Iran
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