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Articles Related to EAC

Treatment of Moderate Fluorosis with Combined Bleaching Protocols

The patient’s concern was the appearance of her maxillary and mandibular teeth, which had a mottled, brown-yellow enamel dysmineralization due to moderate fluorosis. The patient was 45 years old, and lived in Isparta region where drinking water has high concentration of Fluoride ion. Patient was a female doctor and was concerned that the appearance of her teeth would negatively impact interactions with her patients and social life.
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Novel Multi-Functional Dental Cement for Enamel Remineralization and AntiCariogenic Bacteria Activity

This experimental study evaluated the release of fluoride and several minerals related to remineralization from novel functional cement, apatite ionomer cement (AIC), and its anti-bacterial properties compared with glass ionomer cement (GIC) and surface pre-reacted glass-ionomer filler containing composite resin (giomer). Conventional GIC (Fuji III, GC Co., Tokyo, Japan) was used as the control and fundamental materials. In the AIC powder, 28% wt of GIC powder was replaced with spherical-shaped hydroxyapatite powder. The giomer, BeautiSealant (Shofu Co., Kyoto, Japan), was used as a positive control. Each specimen was immersed in deionized water and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (for Al, Si, P, Ca and Sr) and a fluoride-selective electrode. Antibacterial activity against Streptococccus mutans was evaluated using the adenosine-5’-triphosphate luminescence method. Concentrations of released ions from AIC specimens were significantly higher than those from GIC and giomer specimens. Regarding antibacterial activity, luminescence intensity of the AIC group was significantly lower than that of the control and giomer groups. It was concluded that AIC could be a most suitable material for pit and fissure sealant for enamel remineralization and anti-cariogenic and -bacterial activity.
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Effects of Long-Acting Injectable Progesterone Given Two Days after Luteolysis on Estrus Suppression in Mares

Administration of exogenous progesterone or progestin can suppress estrous behavior in mares. Compounded long-acting formulations of progesterone are widely available. The objective of this study was to determine if a long-acting injectable progesterone formulation would suppress behavioral estrus in mares. Five mares were monitored daily by rectal palpation and transrectal ultrasonography to insure that all mares were cycling normally. Endogenous progesterone was removed through lysis of the corpus luteum seven days post-ovulation with prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2α). Two days following PGF2α administration, mares received 2 g of long-acting progesterone intramuscularly. Estrous behavior was determined daily by individually exposing mares to a stallion beginning two days before injection of long-acting progesterone until ovulation occurred. Serum progesterone concentrations were significantly elevated (>2 ng/mL) for 10 days following treatment with a long-acting injectable progesterone. Behavioral estrus suppression during this period was minimal and not significant. All mares developed local injection site reactions and half the mares developed febrile responses following treatment. In conclusion, the long-acting compounded formulation of progesterone elevates progesterone concentrations for 10 days but does not suppress estrous behavior to a stallion. Due to the side effects associated with this treatment, long-acting formulations of injectable progesterone are not appropriate for use in performance horses.
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Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Higher Secondary School Teachers of Kanpur, India

Low back pain is a global health issue, potentially affecting the individual’s functionality in daily life. Teaching is regarded as a human service occupation and in recent years it is been identified as a highly stressful occupation.
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Occupational Exposure to Blood and Bodily Fluids among Health Care Workers in a Medical Teaching Hospital

The objective of this study was to evaluate blood and bodily fluids exposure through needlestick injuries (NSI) and non-percutaneous incidents among healthcare workers (HCWs). This project utilized a dataset collected from J. W. Ruby Memorial Hospital in Morgantown, West Virginia, between January 1, 2014 and August 15, 2017. Data included de-identified codes of employees, occupations, types of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, routes of exposure, infectious disease exposures, and time incidents.
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Cisplatin-Gemcitabine Related Cardiomyopathy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer NSCLC Patient: A Case Study

Gemcitabine is a pyrimidine analog and cisplatin is a platinum agent, they are usually combined to form a chemotherapeutic doublet used to treat different types of oncological cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although these agents are not known to cause such events, few cases related to possible cardiotoxicity side effects have been reported ; including angina, chronic heart failure, arrhythmias, and cardiac ischemia. A 52-year-old African male presented with Stage IV lung adenocarcinoma metastatic to the bone, pleura and lymph node, EGFR wild type. Patient has a history of hypertension, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation and on rate control medications. He was treated initially with cisplatin-gemcitabine, after which he developed cardiomyopathy.
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Reactive Power Compensation in Traction Power System of Serbian Railways

This paper studies the theoretic and practical solutions of appearance of reactive power and compensation of it in the 25 kV, 50 Hz supply system of the Serbian Railway. The article proposes the theoretic (by using formulas, equivalent, structural schemes, phasor diagrams) and practical research (by providing the schemes of connecting capacitor banks, calculating the parameters of capacitor banks) for the compensation of reactive power.
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Modelling the Force of Infection for Hepatitis B among Heterogeneous Groups at the Komfo-Anokye Teaching Hospital

The aim of this study is to estimate the age-dependent force of infection for hepatitis B virus (HBV) for sick patients showing symptoms, blood donors and people coming to the serology department to test for the antigen in blood voluntarily. A secondary data was obtained from the serology department at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH, January 2013- June 2016).
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Trends in Thyroid Malignancies in Accra Ghana: A Retrospective Histopathological Review in the Department of Pathology (1994-2013), Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

Malignancies of the thyroid gland are common in certain parts of the world. In Ghana there are no available data on the trends and gender characteristics of thyroid malignancies (TMs). The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the trends and gender characteristics of TMs in the Department of Pathology.
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Infective Endocarditis at Tricuspid Valve in CHD: What are its Characteristics? What is the Pathophysiology?

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious infectious disease that carries a high mortality rate. We report the case of 74-year-old female who is a chronic hemodialysis patient, and was presented with tricuspid valve endocarditis (TVIE) with central venous catheter, due to an Enterobacter Cloacae, which is a non-HACEK Gram-negative bacilli (GNB) and has been reported to be an extremely rare pathogen of IE. The patient was treated with imipenem and teicoplanin for a four-week period, with negative Blood culture and normal C reactive protein (CRP) levels at the end. The aim of our study is to understand the pathophysiology of the IE in chronic renal failure (CRF) especially at the tricuspid valve (TV), and to determine the clinical, biological characteristics and therapeutic modalities.
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Suspected Allergic Reaction in Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

Over the course of several years, three members of a Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) group showed periodical bouts of pruritus and dermatological lesions. The affected animals were a 25-year-old cow and her 5 and 7-year-old offspring, all housed in a mixed indoor/outdoor facility. The signs were first noted in 2005 and escalated over time until 2012, when a final diagnosis of the problem was attempted. Diagnostic tests included blood analysis and skin biopsies, swab microbiological cultures from the wheals, intradermal tests and response to treatment with corticosteroids. Clinical picture and histopathological findings, as well as response to methylprednisolone, were considered compatible with an allergic dermatitis.
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Clinical Utility of Triglyceride: HDL-Cholesterol Ratio as a Surrogate Marker of Inflammation in Pediatric Obesity

The prognostic utility of the triglyceride: HDL-cholesterol (TG:HDL-C) ratio, a marker for insulin resistance, is unknown among high-risk children and adolescents. We examined the clinical utility of TG:HDL-C ratio as a marker of insulin resistance and chronic inflammation in obese youth.
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Diagnostic Approaches towards Camelpox Disease

Camelpox is routinely diagnosed based on clinical signs, pathological findings and cellular and molecular assays.
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HCV in Lymphoid Neoplasms

HBV carrier cases
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Association between Insertion/Deletion Polymorphism of ApoB Gene with Dyslipidemia and Obesity Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Several studies have suggested that Insertion/Deletion polymorphism of ApoB gene is associated with obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD).
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Preparation of Large Area Anodic Alumina Membranes and their Application to Thin Film Fuel Cell

The design of an electrochemical reactor for the preparation of self-supported comparatively thin (up to 10 μm) and large area (up to 50 cm2) anodic alumina membranes is described allowing growth of porous alumina at high applied potential (up to 150 V) without burning.
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Editorial Board Members Related to EAC

Lisa M Dadio

Lecturer
Department of Forensic science
University of New Haven
USA

Sherifa Ahmed Hamed

Professor
Department of Neurology and Psychiatry
University of Assiut
Egypt

Keith Murphy

Professor
Department of Biological Sciences
North Dakota State University
United States

Ashraf Youssef Nasr

Associate professor
Department of Anatomy & Embryology
Zagazig University
Egypt

RAVINDRA K. MALIK

Professor
Natural and Forensic Sciences Department
Albany State University
United States

Bruno Amato

Associate Professor
Department of Clinical Medecine and Surgery
University Federico II of Naples
Italy

Henry H. Y. Tong

Professor
School of Health Sciences
Macao Polytechnic Institute
Macau

Farnad Imani

Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
University Iran University of Medical Sciences
Iran

Tamer El-Sayed Ali

Professor
Department of Oceanography
Alexandria University
Egypt

Mohsen Naraghi

Rhinology and Facial Plastic Surgery
Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Austria
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