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Articles Related to antibiotic

Utilization of Antibiotic among University Medical Students from Tripoli, Libya

Irrational antibiotic use has led society to antibiotic resistance, a serious health problem worldwide. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of antibiotics self-medication among university medical students in Tripoli city.
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Monotherapy versus Combination Therapy for the Treatment of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in Cystic Fibrosis Patients

Infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is a strong contributor to respiratory failure and associated mortality. Bacteria colonizing a cystic fibrosis lung commonly form biofilms that greatly contribute to increased antibiotic resistance and hypermutability. Antimicrobial treatment in these cases can be either through the use of a single agent (monotherapy) or through a combination of agents (combination therapy).
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Estimation of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics-Serum Albumin Conjugated Proteins by High Performance Liquid Chromatography with Ultraviolet Detector

β-lactam antibiotics represented the oldest class of antibiotics used in the treatment of infections in a human being, livestock, and aquaculture. Drugs residues in the edible tissues or foodstuffs of animal pose a potential threat to human health. At present, extensive antibiotic-resistant strains are now being detected and the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of epidemic and zoonotic pathogens is a major concern. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the extent of β-lactam antibiotics-HSA/BSA conjugations via three conjugation methods by using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with ultraviolet (UV) detector. We wish that the technique will be applied to preliminarily detect the residues of β-lactam antibiotics may persist in edible tissues or foodstuffs in the livestock and aquaculture farms in clinical.
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Occurrence and Distribution of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Isolated in Gaoqiao Mangrove Wetland, China

Antibiotic usage is very popular in the clinical treatment to infective diseases resulting in the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are also extensively utilized in mariculture along the coastal area including the mangroves, however, the frequent usage of antimicrobial agents can induce to the bacterial resistance, and no research on this is found to date, as a result, the occurrence and distribution was investigated in Gaoqiao mangrove wetland, China in this research.
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Gut Microbiomes of Pigs Grown in Organic and Conventional Dietary Regimens

In animal production, antibiotics are used at sub-therapeutic and therapeutic levels for growth promotion and disease prevention. Using antibiotics can result in selecting for drug resistant microorganisms that may spread to humans through consumption of contaminated food. Lately, an increased interest in organic farming, where animals are grown without antibiotics, has been popular amongst the consumers. It is believed that organic farming will reduce antimicrobial resistance in microorganisms. However, the animals grown organically may be prone to diseases, and other microorganisms may thrive in the gut, that may be potentially harmful to humans. We analyzed the DNA of fecal samples of pigs grown under conventional and organic dietary regimens and detected the presence of genes that causes antibiotic resistance.
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Retrospective Drug Use pattern of Antibiotics in Pediatric Ward of Shenan Gibe Hospital, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Antibiotics are one of the most widely used groups of drugs. The development of antimicrobial drugs represents one of the most important advances in therapeutics. Irrational and uncontrolled use of these agents both in developing and developed countries has resulted in an evolution of resistant strains in addition to a poor health outcome. Despite this fact, antimicrobial agents are vastly over-prescribed in the inpatient setting and the availability of antimicrobial agents without prescription in many developing countries. The use antimicrobial agents in Infants and children have become a routine practice for the treatment of pediatric illness and it needs study to show the status and pattern of antimicrobial in this age group is critical hence they are most vulnerable population groups to counteract illness
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Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of the Novel Antibacterial Agent Methoxyphenyl-Oxime from Streptomyces pratensis QUBC97 Isolate

Streptomyces species are medically, industrially, and microbiologically important bacteria that are found in soils and other habitats. Streptomyces isolates and QUBC97 were cultured on a new medium (CCG). Agar plug diffusion test showed antibacterial activity. N-butanol extracts analysed by silica thin layer chromatography (TLC), HPLC purified and identified by MS analysis. QUBC97 was identified based on morphology, PCR, and DNA sequencing of two loci.
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Facial Dog Bites: 10 Case Report

The face is the most vulnerable area in the dog bites, the disease is an infectious emergency, aesthetic and functional. we will discuss the clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary of dog bites. Our study focuses on 10 cases recorded over 3 years.
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Characterization and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Aerococcus and Enterococcus Strains Isolated from Apical Periodontitis in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Apical periodontitis is caused by polymicrobial infection. The causative bacteria are generally organized into biofilms that adhere to the canal walls, and may include facultative bacteria such as Aerococcus and Enterococcus, which are the causative agents of several endodontic infections and have a natural resistance to many antibiotics including penicillin.
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Septic Shock Secondary to Salmonella Enterica Ssp. Arizonae in an Immunocompetent Albanian Male

Salmonella-associated diarrhea is a common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis. Some species of salmonella are associated with invasive diseases like meningitis, endocarditis and septicemia.
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Occurrence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Aerococcus and Enterococcus Strains Isolated from Acute and Chronic Cellulites of Dental Origin in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Cellulites of dental origin are extensive polymicrobial infections of the face and neck cell-adipose tissues. Management of infections of this nature presents significant challenges. The key to this is the identification of the causative organisms and determination of their susceptibility to antibiotics.
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Acinetobacter baumannii complex Isolated From Different Clinical Samples In A Tertiary Care Hospital

Increasing resistance to antimicrobial agents used in the treatment of infections based on Acinetobacter baumannii complex strains has become an important health issue.
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Is There A Correlation Between Antibiotic Resistance and Decreased Susceptibility to Biocides in Different Genus of Bacterial Genera?

Serial dilutions were performed with six disinfectants and two antiseptics to study the MIC-dilution (maximal dilution of disinfectant or antiseptic that inhibits each microorganism) and that dilution was contrasted with the antibiograms of each of the 159 bacteria recently isolated from ICU patients.
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Epidemiological Characteristics of Infections Associated with Culture Isolated Fusobacterium Nucleatum: A Retrospective Analysis

The pathogenic potential of Fusobacterium nucleatum and its significance in infections has gained new interest. This retrospective study assessed the epidemiology of patients with infections and culture isolated F. nucleatum at two county hospitals in Houston, Texas. Clinical, epidemiological and microbiological data were obtained from the electronic medical record for both Ben Taub General Hospital and Lyndon B. Johnson Hospital from January 1, 2002 to December 31, 2011.
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Descriptive Study of Exposure to Inhalation Zanamivir and Pregnancy-Related Outcomes

The Health Improvement Network (THIN) provided data from UK General Practitioners (GPs) for 144 pregnant women who were prescribed zanamivir and 144 age- and date-matched untreated comparators with no recorded diagnosis of influenza. Groups were assessed for baseline characteristics, treatment-emergent diagnoses in the mother, pregnancy outcomes and congenital malformations diagnosed in the offspring within 28 days of birth.
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Editorial Board Members Related to antibiotic

Frank Portugal

Associate Professor
Department of Biology
The Catholic University of America
United States

Naim Deniz Ayaz

Professor
Department of Food Hygiene & Technology
Kirikkale University
Turkey

Mariusz Cycon

Department of Microbiology and Virology
School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine
Medical University of Silesia
Poland

Yosra A. Mohamed

Research Associate
Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine
The Ohio State University
USA

Antoine Trzcinski

Lecturer in Water and Environmental Engineering
Faculty of Engineering
University of Southern Queensland
Australia

Andrzej Wernicki

Professor
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Life Sciences
Poland

Pongsak Rattanachaikunsopon

Professor
Department of Biological Science
Ubon Ratchathani University
Thailand

Rula M. Darwish

Professor
Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology
University of Jordan
Jordan

Jean Carlet

President
World Alliance Against Antibiotic Resistance (WAAAR)
France

Zafar K. Khan

Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Drexel University
United States
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