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Articles Related to bacteria

Tio2/Polymer Nanocomposites for Antibacterial Packaging Applications

Packaging material should meet many requirements for safe preservation of food and extend shelf life. Utilization of nanoparticles to prepare active packaging films has been widely investigated. This review deals with food packaging films modified with nano titania to enhance mechanical, barrier and antibacterial properties of the packages.
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Functional Rice Rayeb Milk: Chemical, Microbiological and Sensory Properties

Stirred yoghurt made using probiotic bacteria (called Rayeb milk) is one of the most important functional fermented milk products in Arab countries. Six treatments of Rayeb milk were made from cow and rice milk and cow and rice milk mixture (50:50) with or without adding 4% honey. An ABT-5 culture was used as a probiotic starter.
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Occurrence and Distribution of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Isolated in Gaoqiao Mangrove Wetland, China

Antibiotic usage is very popular in the clinical treatment to infective diseases resulting in the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibiotics are also extensively utilized in mariculture along the coastal area including the mangroves, however, the frequent usage of antimicrobial agents can induce to the bacterial resistance, and no research on this is found to date, as a result, the occurrence and distribution was investigated in Gaoqiao mangrove wetland, China in this research.
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A Study of Immune Response in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Fed Levamisole Incorporated Diet

This study was undertaken to evaluate the influence of levamisole on the immune enhancement of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) against potential bacterial pathogens, Fish with weight of 98±5 g were randomly distributed into seven groups each at a rate of 20 fish per 300-L aquarium and fed on a diet containing 0.0, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1250 or 1500 mg levamisole/kg diet for eight weeks.
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Bacterial Probiotics their Importances and Limitations: A Review

Every animal hosts large number of microorganisms most of which affect its body positively. Such positive effect is induced by probiotics, live microbial food ingredients that alter the enteric microflora and have a beneficial effect on the health of an animal. There are many different varieties of friendly bacteria that exist naturally in foods or drinks, or can be added to foods or beverages to enhance health and wellbeing of animals. Thermal treatment and aseptic production of food strongly reduces the amount of microorganisms taken up. This alters the microbial composition in our digestive system.
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Isolation, Identification, and Characterization of the Novel Antibacterial Agent Methoxyphenyl-Oxime from Streptomyces pratensis QUBC97 Isolate

Streptomyces species are medically, industrially, and microbiologically important bacteria that are found in soils and other habitats. Streptomyces isolates and QUBC97 were cultured on a new medium (CCG). Agar plug diffusion test showed antibacterial activity. N-butanol extracts analysed by silica thin layer chromatography (TLC), HPLC purified and identified by MS analysis. QUBC97 was identified based on morphology, PCR, and DNA sequencing of two loci.
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Isolation and Identification of Lactic Acid Bacteria from Algerian Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum) Natural Fermented in Underground Silos Matmora “El-Hammoum” and their Antimicrobial Activity Again Pathogenic Germs

In human nutrition, cereals constitute the basis of the food pyramid. In Algeria, storage of durum wheat (triticum durum) performs in underground silos matmour in some rural areas, these traditional methods rather simple conservation is an alternative for small producers; but starts to disappear because of settlement of the farming populations in the urban areas.
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Efficacy of Vitamin C Vaginal Suppository in Treatment of Bacterial Vaginosis a Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of the current study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of vaginal vitamin C suppository and vaginal metronidazole in treatment of bacterial vaginosis. Double-blind randomized controlled trial. The study included women who presented to the outpatient gynecological clinic with a diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis by amsels criteria. The included eligible women were randomly allocated in one of two groups: group I, including women who received vitamin C vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days; and group II, including women who received metronidazole 500 mg vaginal suppository once daily at bed time for 6 days. All included women were reviewed in 8-14 days after completion of treatment for reevaluation.
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Small-Intestinal-Bacterial-Overgrowth-in-Children-with-Functional-Dyspepsia-and-Duodenal-Ulcer-Disease

Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is present in more than the half of the world population. Most individuals are infected during early childhood; in developing countries, 50% of children are infected by the age of 5 years [1,2]. Studies suggest the main etiological role of HP infection in development of chronic gastroduodenal pathology and the formation of its most severe forms in patients of different age groups. However, not all infected people exhibit diseases associated with this bacterium. In addition, pathogenic mechanisms of duodenal ulcer disease (DUD) in childhood remain not fully understood.
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Septic Shock Secondary to Salmonella Enterica Ssp. Arizonae in an Immunocompetent Albanian Male

Salmonella-associated diarrhea is a common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis. Some species of salmonella are associated with invasive diseases like meningitis, endocarditis and septicemia.
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Bacteriological Quality of Milk in Raw Bovine Bulk Milk in the Selected Milk Collection Centers: Smallholder Dairy Processing Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted to examine and identify quality of raw bovine milk from in Arsi Zone and East Shewa Zone, in Oromia, Ethiopia. The purpose of the study was to assess hygienic practices during milking, milk collection and bacteriological quality of cow’s milk in Arsi and East Shewa Zones milk collection centers.
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Observations on Aeromonas Infection in 7 Patients with Acute Leukemia

Aeromonas infections in humans are becoming increasingly frequent. They have the potential to infect humans and are associated with a variety of illnesses, such as enterocolitis, septicemia, skin and soft tissue infectious and peritonitis.
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Disseminated Cutaneous Mycobacterium Chelonae Infection in a 9.5-Year-Old Girl with Diabetes

Mycobacterium chelonae is a fast growing mycobacteria that mainly causes localized cutaneous infections. Disseminated cutaneous infections are quite exclusively seen in immunosuppressed individuals. We present a case of disseminated cutaneous infection in a young diabetic patient.
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Simultaneous HPLC Assay of Paracetamol and Sulfapyridine as Markers for Estimating Gastrointestinal Transit of Amphotericin B-containing Nanoparticles in Rat Plasma

A simple and sensitive two-step reversed-phase HPLC method was developed and validated for determining amphotericin B, paracetamol and sulfapyridine in rat plasma using piroxicam as internal standard.
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Immunodeficiency and Microbial Infections

Immunodeficiency refers to failure of immune system to encounter infections by different microbial pathogens such as fungi, bacteria, viruses and protozoan. This is called acquired or secondary immunodeficiency syndrome (SIS).
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Editorial Board Members Related to bacteria

Hisao Kurazono

Professor
Department of Animal and Food Hygiene
Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine
Japan

Sabina Fijan

Assistant Professor
Faculty of Health Sciences
University of Maribor
Slovenia

Mohamed Maarouf Ali Zeinhom

Associate Professor
Food Hygiene Department
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Beni-Suef University
Egypt

Maria Amália da Silva Jurado

Assistant Professor
Department of Life Sciences
University of Coimbra
Portugal

Abdelwahab Omri

Professor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Laurentian University
Canada

PATRICIA LANEE WEI DENNING

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Emory University Medical School
United States

Renukaradhya J. Gourapura

Associate Professor
Food Animal Health Research Program,OARDC
The Ohio State University
United States

Parichat Phumkhachorn

Assistant Professor
Department of Biological Science
Ubon Ratchathani University
Thailand

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Lan-Szu Chou

Associate professor
Department of Bio-Agriculture Sciences
National Chiayi University
Taiwan
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