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Articles Related to infections

Antibiotic Resistance Patterns of Pathogens Isolated from Surgical Site Infections at Public Health Facilities in Belize

Surgical site infections are amongst the leading cause of morbidity, mortality and cost due to increased hospital stay by patients. A study was conducted to understand antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of major pathogens isolated from surgical site infections in Belize.
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Bacteriology and Antibiogram of pathogens isolated from wound infections at Cheshire Hall Medical Laboratory, Turks and Caicos Islands

To identify pathogens that are frequently isolated from wound infections in the Turks and Caicos Islands and formulate antibiogram based on their patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility. Bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility data from 1343 wound swabs cultured at the Cheshire Hall Medical Laboratory between January 2013 and November 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique was used to perform antimicrobial susceptibility testing. 79.1% of the 1343 swabs cultured were positive yielding a total of 1687 bacterial isolates. Frequently isolated bacteria included Staphylococcus aureus which accounted for 27.6% of isolates, approximately a third of which were methicillin resistant, Pseudomonas spp. (12.1%), Proteus spp. (8.2%), Enterococcus spp. (7.8%), E. coli (7.2%), Streptococcus agalactiae (6.1%), Klebsiella spp. (5.5%), Acinetobacter spp. (4.3%), coagulase negative Staphyloccus (4.0%) and Enterobacter spp. (3.7%). The overall highest resistance rates were seen among tetracycline (46.3%), erythromycin (37.6%) and ceftriaxone (34.2%). Imipenem, penicillin, meropenem and vancomycin had sensitivity rates ranging from 92.3% to 99.5%. Individual resistance rates varied among isolates, some differing significantly from overall rates. When tested against antibiotics routinely used to treat Pseudomonas spp., resistance rates ranged from 1.4-55.5%.
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A Retrospective Evaluation of Joint Endoprosthesis Infections and Depending Costs

Joint endoprosthesis are standard treatment in orthopedic surgery, but the risk of infection represents a major drawback for elderly patients with comorbidities. Therefore, we investigated joint endoprosthesis infections in Germany (2005-2012) focusing on elderly patients. We extrapolated infection related costs to estimate the burden for the health care system.
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Dawn of the Biofilm Disease: Highlights about Biofilm in Bone and Joint & Prosthetic Joint Infections Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

I present some key considerations of the biofilm disease as part of two complex pathologies such as bone and joint infections and prosthetic joint infections, taking into account the bacterial pathogenic factors to understand the particular nature of these infections, and to achieve an accurate diagnosis and management beyond the antimicrobial therapy. I mention some personal experience of many years in the medical microbiology laboratory and next to the patient’s bed.
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Treatment of Cerebral Mucormycosis with Prolonged Liposomal Amphotericin B (>1000 days)

Mucormycosis is a rare but invasive and potentially lethal infection caused by ubiquitous fungi of the order Mucorales. The primary mode of infection is inhalation of fungal spores. Rhinocerebral and pulmonary infections are most common, however, other organ systems including the central nervous system can be affected, presumably by occult fungemia. We describe the prolonged treatment course (>1000 days) of a patient with cerebral mucormycosis using liposomal amphotericin B (LAMB). Two different attempts were made to replace LAMB with posaconazole, but each occasion resulted in therapeutic failure. This case represents the longest course of LAMB reported in the literature.
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Awareness of Cervical Cancer Risk Factors, Screening Practices and Attitudes among Nurses in a Primary Health Care Setting of Morocco: A Cross-Sectional Study

The effectiveness of the cervical cancer screening activities depends on physicians and nurses’ level of awareness and their adherence to the program.
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An Introduction to the Approaches of Novel Drug Delivery Systems for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

The currently available anti HIV agents have several drawbacks such as short half life, low bioavailability, poor CNS penetration and retention, hepatic first pass metabolism, undesirable side effects and frequent dosing regimen.
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Septic Shock Secondary to Salmonella Enterica Ssp. Arizonae in an Immunocompetent Albanian Male

Salmonella-associated diarrhea is a common cause of community-acquired gastroenteritis. Some species of salmonella are associated with invasive diseases like meningitis, endocarditis and septicemia.
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Association between Delay in Surgical Treatment and Perforation in Acute Appendicitis

Acute appendicitis is a prevalent emergency surgical pathology and without prompt intervention may lead to gangrene, perforation and death. Increased mortality and morbidity will increase the hospital stay and the costs. We aimed to see the association between surgical treatment and perforation.
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Stigma, Persecution, and Neglect: HIV in Russian Men Who Have Sex with Men

Russia’s HIV epidemic has received considerable academic and mainstream press attention in recent weeks, following Moscow’s fifth annual Eastern Europe and Central Asia AIDS Conference in March, and its Federal AIDS Center’s announcement in January that the number of HIV cases in the country had broken the one million mark.
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The Ongoing Battle for Syringe Exchange

Syringe exchange programs (SEPs) have been shown to be effective in reduction of infectious disease rates in several studies over the years.
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Observations on Aeromonas Infection in 7 Patients with Acute Leukemia

Aeromonas infections in humans are becoming increasingly frequent. They have the potential to infect humans and are associated with a variety of illnesses, such as enterocolitis, septicemia, skin and soft tissue infectious and peritonitis.
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HIV/AIDS-Related Knowledge among Persons with Physical Disability in Cameroon: A Qualitative Study

The physically disabled have historically been excluded from HIV planning and programming largely due to perceptions that they are not sexually active.
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Living a Dual Life: Multiplicity of Sexual Risks among Men who have Sex with Men ‘and’ Women in Bhutan

Among bisexual MSM also called “men-on-the-down-low”, sexuality driven risks stimulate spectrum of vulnerabilities for both genders.
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AIDS Puzzle was Solved

Author discovered the main law of nature - the Law of World Harmony. Applying this law to the problem of AIDS, the author has solved the problem. AIDS, according to the author, is not infectious disease, but it is a disease of the “chain reaction” type.
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Editorial Board Members Related to infections

Helena Nunes Cabaco

Research associate
Institute of Molecular Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
University of Lisbon
Portugal

Lihua Song

Associate Professor
Chief, Laboratory of Rickettsiology
Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology
China

Suresh G. Joshi

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Drexel University
United States

PERNG GUEY CHUEN

Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology and Immunology
National Cheng Kung University
Taiwan

HamidReza Naderi

Associate Professor
Department of Infectious Diseases
Imam Reza University Hospital
Iran

Dagmara McGuinness

Research Associate
College of Medical
Veterinary & Life Sciences
Institute of Cancer Sciences
Western Infirmary Glasgow
Scotland

GHASSAN M. MATAR

Professor
Department of Experimental Pathology, Immunology & Microbiology
Faculty of Medicine
American University of Beirut
Lebanon

Joseph Prandota

Emeritus Full Professor
Department of Pediatrics & Clinical Pharmacology
Faculty of Health Sciences
Wroclaw Medical University
Wroclaw
Poland

Ziad N. AL-Dwairi

Professor
Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics and Implant Dentistry
Jordan University of Science and Technology
Jordan

Younes Chorfi

Associate Professor
Department of Veterinary Biomedicine
University of Montreal
Canada
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