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Articles Related to medicine

Forensic Medical Aspect in Siddha Medical System-Comparative Study

Siddha medical system is creating to re-erect of whole world by their facts on human being of health status of living now.
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Reflections on the Effect of an m Health App in Behavioural Change for Childhood Weight Management

Childhood obesity is a growing problem facing the developed world. This manuscript reports user experiences of the TreCLifeStyle mHealth app to bring about behavioural change.
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Comparative Simulation Study of Direct and Indirect Target Production of 99Mo with Linear Accelerator at SAMEER

When high energy electron beam falls on a high Z target it generates bremsstrahlung photons which can be used to produce 99Mo from 100Mo using photo-neutron (γ, n) reaction. Two different approaches are studied to carry out photo-neutron reaction. First, a converter target approach in which photons are generated in a high Z target of tungsten using (e,γ) reaction and then (γ, n) reaction in 100Mo for 99Mo production. Second, a direct target approach wherein 30 MeV electrons hit directly onto 100Mo target to carry out both (e, γ) and (γ, n) reactions in the 100Mo target itself. GEANT4 simulation gives photons and neutrons fluxes and their angular distributions from both the approaches, which are then used to calculate activity of 99Mo. The study shows that for very thin 100Mo target of about 0.1 radiation length converter target shows better activity whereas, for any thickness beyond it the direct target approach is found to be more efficient. For 30 MeV and 10 kW beam falling on 100Mo target with 1.4 radiation length, direct target approach is found to be more efficient. Therefore, after improvising the geometry of 100Mo target in the case of direct target method an increased specific activity is obtained through GEANT4 simulation.
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Washington County, PA-A Case Study to Improve the Obesity Epidemic and Enhance Healthcare Access at the Patient-, Community- and Health System Level

Across the nation it has been documented that obesity and healthcare access are growing challenges that especially impact individuals and communities of lower socioeconomic status (SES). Residents of Pennsylvania’s Washington County, a lower a SES suburb on the outskirts of Pittsburgh, is not immune to these variables.
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Oxygen Balance Homeostasis and Tissue Metabolic Score (TMS) of Patients in Emergency and Critical Care Medicine

Patients admitted to the emergency room or intensive care units (ICUs) need real-time monitoring of body oxygen balance. As of today, the availability of monitoring devices that provide real-time data on tissue level of oxygen homeostasis is very limited. The involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction in many pathological states such as stroke, sepsis or heart failure is calling for a real-time evaluation of this intracellular organelle. In order to avoid the deterioration of the most vital organs in the body (brain and heart), we are proposing to monitor a less vital organ, such as the urethral wall, that serves as an early warning signal for the deterioration of body oxygen balance.
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Defeating Surgical Anguish: A Worldwide Tale of Creativity, Hostility, and Discovery

In the pre-anesthesia era, the anguish of planned surgical maneuver was dreadful and the experience of actual procedure “utterly speechless torture”. Although, the concept of pain relief and even total insensibility was not unfamiliar to medical profession, some of the “Big Giants in Medicine” believed “knife and pain as inseparable” and the efforts to relieve or prevent pain “in vain”. In such a situation the anesthesia,one of the greatest boons of science for mankind, “burst like a revolution on medical profession”. Despite hostility from religious sect, professional colleagues and civil societies the pioneers in discovery of anesthesia stood firm, unshaken by the negative criticism. Although the fate of the active contestant of “Ether Controversy” was mournful,their untiring and dedicated struggle to relieve the sufferings of mankind can never be underscored. Renowned Arab surgeon Ibn al Quff (1232-1286 AD) was the first to suggest anesthesia as independent speciality. However, it took almost 700 years for his dream to come true.
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Quantitative Analysis of Normal Electrocardiogram from Tele Minas Saúde Project, Minas Gerais, Brazil

The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a widely used tool to track and to detect heart diseases which are one of the leading causes of death in the world. Some countries have been using the resources of telemedicine to enable health care in situations where distance is a critical factor, including cardiovascular diseases. In Brazil, the State of Minas Gerais has a telecardiology system, the Teleminas Saúde Project, which covers approximadely 70% of the state population.
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Ethnomedicines used by Kaani Tribes in the Forest and Towns of Kanyakumari District in Tamilnadu

Kaani Tribes have traditionally depended on harvests of forest, wildlife, and forest products. The main objective of this study was to see if the Kaani tribes have lost the knowledge and use of herbs in treating diseases while relocating to city life. Ethnomedicinal data was collected through Participatory Town Appraisal (PRA), which is based on interaction with indigenous people and direct observation in the field and interviews and discussions with Mootukani, the medicine man for the tribals.
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Chronic Pain – Can It Be Cured?

Chronic pain is currently treated with several drugs and therapies that can be helpful, but usually do not cure chronic pain. In fact, many drug therapies make the pain worse or are toxic to the patient. Chronic pain treatment frequently involves oral or injected drugs because the perception is that chronic pain comes from an internal source. Chronic pain, and all other forms of pain, should be treated in the skin. Mechanisms of induction of chronic pain will be discussed and skin targets for the treatment and cure of chronic pain will be presented.
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Physician and Patient Perspective to Weight Gain in Pregnancy

Gaining weight outside of the Institute of Medicine guidelines puts a woman and her foetus at an increased risk. Limited or incorrect information is being provided to women during antenatal care. Research shows that physicians do not perceive this as an important issue. We aimed to assess both physician and patient perspective to weight gain in pregnancy as well as assessing physicians current practice to weight management. 71% of women want to be given a target weight to gain during pregnancy; 87% want to be told if they are gaining an inappropriate amount of weight. 87.5% of physicians believe that weight management is important; 31.2% advise patients about weight gain.
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A Study on Perceived Stress among Undergraduate Medical Students of Bahir Dar University, Bahir Bar, North West Ethiopia, 2016: Institutional Based Cross Sectional Study

Tertiary education has always been regarded as highly stressful environment to students. Medical and health science training further add to the already stressful environment. Awareness of the existence of stress in medical students by physicians will help in diminishing student’s experience of stress. Therefore, identifying additional stressors in the clinical context is very crucial for providing measures to minimize students’ stress to a tolerable level and helping them to cope better. And the aim of this study is to assess perceived stress and factors associated with it among Bahir Dar University medical students, North West Ethiopia, 2016.
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Variation in the Incidence of Self-Immolation According To Culture and Income Level: A Literature Review

Self-immolation is most commonly observed in the Middle East and Western Asia. It is far less common in the Western world. Documented cases in the West indicate that victims are more likely to be immigrants, indicating that there may be cultural influences that motivate this behavior. We have performed a literature review on self-immolation in order to better understand the cultural differences behind selfimmolation and the psychopathology related to this specific behaviour.
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Update on the Importance of Medical Education in the Changing Field of Pain Medicine

Chronic pain is a pandemic that has spawned the disproportionate opioid epidemic of overuse and overprescription in the United States. This challenge warrants review of physician education and curriculum to become more effective in pain management. Our current system for educating present and future physicians, as well as pain specialists, is flawed in a number of ways. The vast majority of physicians will encounter and manage chronic pain patients during their careers, but reviews have demonstrated dissatisfaction among medical students and practitioners with pain education and curriculum.
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Fatal road accidents in Spain: psychoactive substances in killed drivers in 2014

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are often related to impairment by alcohol or drugs. The objectives of this study is to present toxicological data on drivers killed in traffic accidents in Spain in 2014 from a sample of 614 drivers and 240 (out of 614) with positive results for alcohol, illicit drugs and psychoactive medicinal drugs.
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Health Food and Traditional Chinese Medicine in China

Like a drug for a purpose of treating or preventing a disease, a health food has to be scientifically evaluation and officially approved before it legally is marketed in China.
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Editorial Board Members Related to medicine

Hung-Ming Chang

Professor
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology
College of Medicine
Taipei Medical University
Taiwan

Yajun Andrew Yi

Assistant Professor
Department of Bioinformatics
Vanderbilt University
United States

Zeliha Selamoglu

Professor
Department of Medical Biology
Faculty of Medicine
Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University Campus
Turkey

Avinash Shankar

Chairman
National Institute of Health & Research
Warisaliganj (Nawada), Bihar
India

JACQUES MARESCAUX

Professor
Department of Surgery
Research Institute Against Digestive Cancer
France

Roberto de la Plaza Llamas

Department of Surgery
Hospital Universitario de Guadalajara
Spain

Erich Cosmi

Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Woman and Child Health
University of Padua
Italy

Kiminobu Sugaya

Professor
Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences
College of Medicine
University of Central Florida
United States

Josep Bassaganya-Riera

Professor
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute
United States

Arunima Mukhopadhyay

Research assistant
Paul O'Gorman Leukaemia Research Centre
University of Glasgow
United Kingdom
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