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Articles Related to population

Proposed Perioperative Guidelines for Selective Infectious Diseases in the Pediatric Population

It is essential for practitioners to recognize the pathophysiology of commonly presenting infectious diseases and their mode of transmission. This allows healthcare workers to provide a safe perioperative experience for the patient as well as engage in appropriate infection control practices. There are a number of noteworthy pediatric respiratory infections, such as the novel coronavirus, known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and pulmonary tuberculosis.
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Prevalence and Genetic Profile of β-Thalassemia Associated Mutations in a Mauritanian Population

Although common in the Mediterranean populations, β-thalassemia are present in various other parts of the world including south Asia and Africa. This study was aimed to re-evaluate the prevalence of β thalassemia, the specific underlying β globin gene mutations and their associated haplotypes in the Mauritanian population.
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Obesity as Behavioral Risk Factors of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases in Young Gabonese Population

Obesity increases of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in young active populations worldwide. We sought to investigate the status of young men (n=200) and women (n=200) aged from 18 to 39 years old, living at Libreville, by examining their lifestyles and eating habits, and measuring their anthropometric parameters, including, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), percentages of total muscles, lean mass, body and visceral fats, as well as metabolic age and metabolism at rest.
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Democratization of Genomic Tools to Improve Autochthonous Sheep Breeds Productivity in Developing Countries

While the gap is widening between developed and developing countries in the field of classical animal genetics and breeding, genomic tools are becoming the method of choice in developed countries. The objectives of this study were to 1) demonstrate by a real case how the lack of suitable breeding strategies can be a major threat to autochthonous sheep breeds improvement and 2) show how genomic tools could be an efficient alternative tool to reverse the decrease of native breed productivity. A total of 54,476 fat tail Barabrine lambs from 77 flocks recorded during the period 2010-2014 were used in this study.
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An Overview and Constraints of Pig Farming in Assam - A Review

Agriculture is the prime source of livelihood in the socioeconomically weaker section of the society and it provides livelihood security to more than 75% of the rural population in Assam. Majority of pigs are reared in traditional small scale alimentation system which act as a source of income, employment generation and livelihood security primly to the tribal population in the state.
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Prevalence of Anemia among Children Aged 6 Months - 12 Years Attending Emergency Room in Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital for Children, North of Jordan

The purpose of this study was to use the computerized database of princess Rahma teaching hospital for children to analyze the prevalence of anemia among children aged 6 months - 12 years attending the emergency room of the hospital.
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Variability of Morphological Markers of Cone and Seeds in Natural Populations and Artificial Plantations of the Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

The variability of morphological markers of the reproductive organs in seven natural populations and nine artificial plantations of the Scots pine of Ukrainian Polissya (Volyn, Rivne and Kyiv regions) was studied. The colour of cones, seeds, winged seeds, and the apophysis of the cones of the trees were used as morphological markers.
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Estimation of Pathogen Proportions of Infectious Diseases: Models, Approaches and Evaluations

Attribution of etiology for disease syndromes is critical to guide appropriate public health interventions. Partial latent class analysis model (pLCM) methods have recently been developed to address this area of research; however, model parameters, assumptions, and performance are not well understood for the general etiology problem.
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Age Related Variation in Feminine Handwriting among Population Groups of Delhi, India

Handwriting is a uniquely human trait which progresses and evolves during lifetime and declines with age. The aim of the present paper is to assess variation in handwriting features with age among female writers of select population groups of Delhi, India (for Roman script).
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Modelling the Occurrence of Dental Carries in Adult Population in Ghana; a Comparison of Competing Count Regression Models

Dental carries is a disease with both high prevalence and severity in adults’ worldwide population. Dental carries affect over half of the population in both developed and developing countries globally. Since the outcomes from dental carries are mostly discrete, they are often modelled using count regression models. It is therefore the purpose of this study to determine the appropriate count regression model that efficiently fits the Decayed Mining and Filled Teeth Data (DMFTDATA) and further identify the key risk factors contributing significantly to dental carries in adults in Ghana using the appropriate count regression model.
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Empowering Key Populations (Kps) to Effectively Demand for Equal HIV/AIDS Services

AGHA in partnership with THETA and MNL with funding from CDC is implementing a Local Capacity Initiative project aimed at building capacity of CSOs working with KPs in Mukono, Kampala and Wakiso to advocate for improved HIV services. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among the general population stands at an average of 7.3% while among SWs is 35-37% and MSM at 13.7% between the age of 18-24.Over 40-50% of the new infections come from KPs (UAC, HIV /AIDS Indicator survey 2011). Programs targeting KPs continue to be characterized by limited coverage, poorly linked care, treatment and referral services. The project has increased capacity of 15 CSOs to demand accountability from government on national commitments on KPs; increased capacity of KPs to identify the legal and policy framework that impede equitable access, increased participation and representation of community leaders and KPs living with HIV in the governance structures that influence health services delivery.
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Farmers’ Market Use is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Low-Income Populations: A Cross-Sectional Study from Southern Arizona

Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important dietary component of disease prevention. Adults who consume more F&V are less likely to develop heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer and are more likely to sustain a healthy weight. In the United States, substantial socioeconomic disparities exist in the prevalence of chronic diseases and the higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic groups help drive these disparities.
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Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes in an Affected South Texas Population

Our research study on diabetic patients in a community in South Texas have shown that increasing age, male gender, married status, smoking history, limited education, and birth in Mexico are risk factors for observed increasing HbA1c and FBG. Elevated lipoprotein levels are particularly observed in type 2 diabetes. Low insulin levels and high BMI in this high risk population correlate to the severity of their diabetes. Moreover we have observed that being born in Mexico influences the patient’s method of treatment with use of oral or combined oral and parenteral routes with poor control of their diabetes. Perhaps the Hispanics born in Mexico may have limited knowledge of their disease influenced by their educational level, socioeconomic status, and prior misconceptions on appropriate methods of treatment(s).
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Enforcing the Laws on Public Morality against Key Populations: The Dilemma of the Ghana Police Service

The Ghana Police Service AIDS Control program with the support of the Ghana Country Office of UNFPA designed and implemented a program in 5 Regions and some Headquarters formations out of the total 14 establishments, focused on the epidemic of bad laws that criminalize certain populations and behaviours and thereby stand in the way of progress in addressing HIV.
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Editorial Board Members Related to population

Onikia N. Brown

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Hospitality Management
Auburn University
United States

Mohamed A Sabry

Associate Professor
Biochemistry Department
Arabian Gulf University
Bahrain

IRENE HATSU

Assistant Professor
Department of Human Science
The Ohio State University
United States

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

Eugene S. Kim

Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
University of Southern California
United States

Bassam R. Ali

Professor
Department of Pathology
College of Medicine and Health Sciences
UAE University
United Arab Emirates

BENSON T. AKINGBEMI

Associate Professor
Department of of Anatomy
Auburn University
United States

ALI H. MOKDAD

Professor of Global Health
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
University of Washington
United States

Suzanne M. Miller

Professor
Division of Cancer
Fox Chase Cancer Center
United States

Ock K. Chun

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Connecticut
United States
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