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Articles Related to population

Estimation of Pathogen Proportions of Infectious Diseases: Models, Approaches and Evaluations

Attribution of etiology for disease syndromes is critical to guide appropriate public health interventions. Partial latent class analysis model (pLCM) methods have recently been developed to address this area of research; however, model parameters, assumptions, and performance are not well understood for the general etiology problem.
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Age Related Variation in Feminine Handwriting among Population Groups of Delhi, India

Handwriting is a uniquely human trait which progresses and evolves during lifetime and declines with age. The aim of the present paper is to assess variation in handwriting features with age among female writers of select population groups of Delhi, India (for Roman script).
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Modelling the Occurrence of Dental Carries in Adult Population in Ghana; a Comparison of Competing Count Regression Models

Dental carries is a disease with both high prevalence and severity in adults’ worldwide population. Dental carries affect over half of the population in both developed and developing countries globally. Since the outcomes from dental carries are mostly discrete, they are often modelled using count regression models. It is therefore the purpose of this study to determine the appropriate count regression model that efficiently fits the Decayed Mining and Filled Teeth Data (DMFTDATA) and further identify the key risk factors contributing significantly to dental carries in adults in Ghana using the appropriate count regression model.
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Empowering Key Populations (Kps) to Effectively Demand for Equal HIV/AIDS Services

AGHA in partnership with THETA and MNL with funding from CDC is implementing a Local Capacity Initiative project aimed at building capacity of CSOs working with KPs in Mukono, Kampala and Wakiso to advocate for improved HIV services. In Uganda, HIV prevalence among the general population stands at an average of 7.3% while among SWs is 35-37% and MSM at 13.7% between the age of 18-24.Over 40-50% of the new infections come from KPs (UAC, HIV /AIDS Indicator survey 2011). Programs targeting KPs continue to be characterized by limited coverage, poorly linked care, treatment and referral services. The project has increased capacity of 15 CSOs to demand accountability from government on national commitments on KPs; increased capacity of KPs to identify the legal and policy framework that impede equitable access, increased participation and representation of community leaders and KPs living with HIV in the governance structures that influence health services delivery.
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Farmers’ Market Use is Associated with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Among Low-Income Populations: A Cross-Sectional Study from Southern Arizona

Fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is an important dietary component of disease prevention. Adults who consume more F&V are less likely to develop heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer and are more likely to sustain a healthy weight. In the United States, substantial socioeconomic disparities exist in the prevalence of chronic diseases and the higher prevalence of unhealthy behaviors in lower socioeconomic groups help drive these disparities.
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Epidemiologic Characteristics of Diabetes in an Affected South Texas Population

Our research study on diabetic patients in a community in South Texas have shown that increasing age, male gender, married status, smoking history, limited education, and birth in Mexico are risk factors for observed increasing HbA1c and FBG. Elevated lipoprotein levels are particularly observed in type 2 diabetes. Low insulin levels and high BMI in this high risk population correlate to the severity of their diabetes. Moreover we have observed that being born in Mexico influences the patient’s method of treatment with use of oral or combined oral and parenteral routes with poor control of their diabetes. Perhaps the Hispanics born in Mexico may have limited knowledge of their disease influenced by their educational level, socioeconomic status, and prior misconceptions on appropriate methods of treatment(s).
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Osteo-Articular Complications in a Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population - Imaging Value

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is the most frequent of a group of conditions known as haemoglobinopathies. The disease is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder, characterized by abnormal haemoglobin (Hemoglobin S) that under certain conditions polymerizes resulting in microvascular occlusions. This pictorial review illustrates the osteo-articular manifestations associated with sickle-cell disease encountered in children in our institution with at least one Haematology appointment in 2013/2014. Osteo-articular manifestations with imaging findings were reported in 28 out of 97 patients. The most frequent complications and those that required hospital care were painful vaso-occlusive crisis and femoral head osteomyelitis.
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Enforcing the Laws on Public Morality against Key Populations: The Dilemma of the Ghana Police Service

The Ghana Police Service AIDS Control program with the support of the Ghana Country Office of UNFPA designed and implemented a program in 5 Regions and some Headquarters formations out of the total 14 establishments, focused on the epidemic of bad laws that criminalize certain populations and behaviours and thereby stand in the way of progress in addressing HIV.
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Palatal Rugae Patterns as an Adjuvant to Gender Determination in Forensic Identification Procedures in a Paediatric Population

Identification of an individual who is either living or dead is based on the assumption that all individuals are unique. Whenever an unidentified corpse is found, the individual is classified into characteristic groups and finally the various possibilities are narrowed down.
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The Prevalence of Obesity among Subjects with Chronic Kidney Disease – Cross Sectional Study of Sri Lanka Population

The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is growing rapidly around the world, particularly in Asia. Over the last two decades Sri Lanka has experienced an epidemic of CKD, especially in the “Mahaweli” river basin in North Central region of the island that was not attributable to conventional risk factors - hence widely termed “CKD-unknown”.
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Predictors of Stress Fracture Susceptibility in Arab Female Military Recruits during Combat Training: A Preliminary Study

Military recruits and athletes regularly engaging in vigorous physical activities are at increased risk for sustaining lower limb overuse injuries.
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Ethnic Variation in Plate Waste at Congregate Meal Sites

To determine how plate waste varies among African American, Jewish, and Hispanic congregate meal participants, the visual plate waste method was applied to a convenience sample of 343 trays among seven South Florida congregate meal sites.
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Bioequivalence Study of Two Oral-Capsule Formulations of Pregabalin 300 mg in Healthy Mexican Adult Volunteers

Pregabalin is a ligand for the alpha-2-delta subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels in the central nervous system. It has anticonvulsant, analgesic, and anxiolytic activity. The bioequivalence of a test formulation was evaluated with respect to its corresponding reference drug formulation of oral pregabalin 300 mg, administered as a capsule. This randomized-sequence, single-dose, single-blind, two-period crossover design under fasting conditions was done on 25 healthy Mexican adult subjects including both genders. There was a seven-day washout period.
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Quantitative Electrocardiographic Analysis in Relation to Renal Function in a Geriatric Population

There is a frequent association between renal insufficiency and patients with cardiovascular disease, suggesting a common pathogenic mechanism.
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Prevalence and Etiologic Factors of Non Carious Cervical Lesions among Prison’s Population in Dakar

Noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs) are pathological processes characterized by the hard tissue dental loss at the cement–enamel junction (CEJ) independent of bacterial process. This tooth structure loss is routinely found and increasingly common in dentistry clinical practice. If the pathogenesis of the carious disease is known and it well codified treatment, it is not the same for non-carious pathology.
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Editorial Board Members Related to population

Solomon Ike Okosun

Associate Professor
Department of Population Health Sciences
School of Public Health
Georgia State University
USA

JING LIN

Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
United States

Suzanne M. Miller

Professor
Division of Cancer
Fox Chase Cancer Center
United States

Jun Ni

Associate Professor
Department of Radiology
Carver College of Medicine
University of Iowa
United States

Mohamed A Sabry

Associate Professor
Biochemistry Department
Arabian Gulf University
Bahrain

Hassen Chaabani

Professor
Department of Human Genetics & Biological Anthropology
University of Monastir
Tunisia

Onikia N. Brown

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Hospitality Management
Auburn University
United States

Ock K. Chun

Assistant Professor
Department of Nutritional Sciences
University of Connecticut
United States

CARMEN CASTANEDA SCEPPA

Associate Professor
Department of Health Sciences
Bouvé College of Health Sciences
Northeastern University
United States

BENSON T. AKINGBEMI

Associate Professor
Department of of Anatomy
Auburn University
United States
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